Call For Submissions: The Truth of Women’s Experiences They Don’t Want You to Read

73070374_Book-Club-WomensThis forum is dedicated to a book project led by Linda, an informed woman and  contributor to this site.  The book will contain a compilation of  stories about women’s experiences with health care.

Women who wish to have their experiences included in this book are invited to publish their stories in the comments section of this forum.  Stories should be between 1000 and 3000 words in length and should be an account of experiences written as an essay.  If you have questions please address them to Linda, and ask them in the comments section on any other post on this site, in order to reserve space here for submissions.


    • A short thesis on Bums!

      By Linda

      Back in 2009 when I heard the news icon Farrah Fawcett had died I was very upset. She was just 62. She was my childhood hero and I loved her.
      Me, along with all my school friends watched every episode of Charlie’s Angels. We each had our favourite characters. Some loved Kate Jackson, others Jacklyn Smith, one even loved Bosley! But for me it was Farrah. Whichever one we adored, however, the following day after a show, in the playground and during lunch, we were all Charlie’s Angels.
      I first became aware she had developed Anal cancer in around 2007 after it was reported in the newspapers. Being a well known actor and a very public figure in women’s issues she lived her life in full glare of the press. When she spoke about having contracted the disease she had already decided her life was to remain that way and she was going to hide nothing from her fans and followers.
      Every painful intimate process she went through to cure herself of this horrible disease was shared with everyone. Then, amazingly later that year after several bouts of treatments including surgery and radiotherapy Farrah Fawcett was given the all clear. She was cancer free and doing well.
      The star was described in the press as being ‘elated.’ A few months later at a routine check up to see how she was doing, Farrah and her long term friend Ryan O’Neal decided to record the consult with a mini camera with the idea they could have it as a memento of her being given the final all clear.
      But the physicians news was not what she wanted to hear. The tumour was back and it was twice as aggressive.
      Rejecting many of the more invasive treatments offered, she elected to battle it this time in a more holistic manner that would leave her body nourished and intact.
      Although this approach worked initially, eventually she was subjected to laser ablation and chemotherapy. The cancer got into her liver, kidneys and surrounding organs.
      The disease had developed to the extent it took her over. She returned home and took to her bed, sleeping mostly but occasionally rallying enough to talk with Ryan O’Neal who at her instruction continued to film her decline.
      We all watched the documentary that followed showing a frail, tired woman living her last few days of life in pain and with her once famous hair – that we all dreamed of having – gone.
      In a very short time she fell into coma and stayed that way until her death on 25th June.

      According to the NHS (2015) symptoms of Anal Cancer are often similar to more common and less serious conditions affecting the anus, such as piles, bleeding from the bottom, itching and pain or small lumps around the anus, discharge of mucus from the anus as well as loss of bowel control

      They recommend to book an appointment with your GP if you develop any of the above symptoms. While they’re unlikely to be caused by anal cancer,
      – ‘ it’s best to get it checked out ‘.

      To do this a GP will usually ask about symptoms and carry out a rectal exam which involves doctor inserting a gloved finger into the bottom so they can feel any abnormalities. Your GP will refer you to hospital if they think further tests are necessary.

      Some of the tests you may have include a:
      Sigmoidoscopy – where a thin, flexible tube with a small camera and light is inserted into your bottom to check for any abnormalities
      Proctoscopy – where the inside of your rectum is examined using a hollow tube-like instrument (proctoscope) with a light on the end
      Biopsy– where a small tissue sample is removed from your anus during a sigmoidoscopy or proctoscopy so it can be examined in a laboratory under a microscope

      The main treatments used for anal cancer are:
      Chemo-radiation – a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
      surgery – to remove a tumour or a section of bowel.

      Both chemotherapy and radiotherapy often cause significant side effects, including:

      Sore skin around the anus
      Sore skin around the penis and scrotum in men or vulva in women
      Hair loss – limited hair loss from the head, but total loss from the pubic area
      Feeling sick
      Other possible long-term side effects can include:
      Bowel control problems.
      Long-term (chronic) diarrhoea
      In men – erectile dysfunction.
      In women – vaginal pain when having sex
      Dry and itchy skin around the groin and anus
      Bleeding from the anus, rectum, vagina or bladder

      If treatment is unsuccessful or the cancer returns, a complex operation called an abdominoperineal resection may be recommended. An abdominoperineal resection involves removing the anus, rectum, part of the colon, some surrounding muscle tissue, and sometimes some of the surrounding lymph nodes. During the operation, a permanent colostomy will be formed to allow stools to pass. This is where a section of the large intestine is diverted through an opening made in the abdomen called a stoma. The stoma is attached to a special pouch that will collect stools after the operation.

      In cases where the cancer has spread and can’t be cured, chemotherapy alone may be considered to help relieve symptoms. This is known as palliative care. This is were they don’t offer give treatments with intent to cure but to aid sufferers to live with symptoms that will eventually kill.

      According to the NHS the exact cause of anal cancer is unknown, although a number of factors can increase your risk of developing the condition. These include:
      infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) a usually harmless group of viruses spread through sexual contact, which can affect the moist membranes lining your body
      having anal sex or lots of sexual partners – possibly because this increases your risk of developing HPV
      having a history of cervical, vaginal or vulval cancer.
      having a weakened immune system – for example, if you have HIV.

      The NHS doesn’t have a screening programme in England for anal cancer. This is because there isn’t currently enough evidence to show the benefits of offering screening would outweigh the risks.

      While reading my words on the tragic death of Farrah Fawcett and the information on Anal cancer provided by the NHS did you give any thought at all to what was going on in your own bum? Other than worrying if it looks overly big in the trousers you put on this morning or finding a place to park it in order to read this article, have you given your derrière a second thought today? No? Anal cancer is terrible. And overwhelmingly it affects more women than men.

      Cancer Research UK statistics show just as many women get Anal Cancer as they do Cervical Cancer. In fact their concern is that while incidence of Cervical Cancer is falling year by year, Anal Cancer is increasing year by year.
      Yet, where is the hysteria surrounding this cancer? When Farrah died, why wasn’t every second rate celebrity in Britain screaming for us to check between our bottom cheeks every single minute of the day? Where are the television personalities queuing up to have their bums checked live on morning television? Why isn’t the Daily Mail issuing minute by minute updates on the real dangers for women from this disease? Why aren’t Women’s magazines hammering home the importance of having your bum inspected regularly by doctors?

      Most notably, why does the NHS feel that the risks far outweigh the benefits for regular bum checks when they have spent the past thirty years damaging women’s
      vagina’s irreparably with their Cervical Screening programme?
      The risks didn’t seem to come into it when I was told I had suspicious looking cells that had to come off. Where was the fear of risks when I was having my private part prised open and hacked at, frozen, burned and removed only to discover – whoops- we got it wrong there was nothing there at all?
      The NHS is so hysterical about the state of women’s vaginas that as soon as they deem us old enough, they ‘invite’ themselves in to have a good rummage around on the pretext they are looking for cancer.
      This regular inspection of our vaginas goes on all our adult lives until the age when we become nothing more than an irritant to the NHS and a drain on their resources.
      They spend sleepless nights wording fear mongering campaigns to force us to take our underwear off and get us on doctors table. They tell us ‘we must’ ‘should’ ‘it’s responsible’ ‘we have to get on with it.’ While any women who doesn’t do the right thing must be ‘stupid’ ‘uneducated’ or of such a ‘low socio-economic class’ that even the Dallits of India seem like princes in comparison. So we book our appointment and go. However, even though our vaginas sit mere millimetres away from our anus’s and we are statistically more likely to get this cancer, doctors and nurses simply ignore this part of our body.
      According to the NHS, the supposed causes and symptoms of Anal Cancer and Cervical Cancer are almost identical. They are both caused by HPV, having had multiple sexual partners from a young age, a weakened immune system and of course that old get out- smoking.
      The actual incidence of Cervical Cancer is low but the Internet is awash with accounts from young girls who believe having smear tests has miraculously caught their cancer early and saved their lives. The NHS is totally mute on the problem of risks here.
      So why is it a woman is left to report symptoms of her own volition ie. Its best to get it checked out! when it comes to her bum but when her vagina is involved the NHS can send out letters to inspected it whenever they feel like it. If a woman ignores her letters the subject of her outstanding smear test is brought up at every subsequent doctor’s visit before she even opens her mouth to recount symptoms she came about. Or if she avoids that, letter after letter and then phone calls by rampant practice nurses, followed eventually by hordes of medics camping out on her lawn and even MI5 putting her under surveillance.
      Yet only if she feel like it, and she’s not too embarrassed by it, or she thinks it won’t hurt or she can find the time, they recommend coming in to have a friendly chat about her bum.
      There are dozens of other cancers women get that I haven’t mentioned here. I just focused on the one that killed my childhood heroine, Farrah. But it seems to me the NHS is only interested in cancer of the cervix. We are forced into spending our lives worrying about this one cancer when we don’t even give a second thought or concern to the more prevalent and horrible ones that are very real major heath problems.
      Stories about vagina’s are sexed up by the media and celebrities and anything about them makes a damn good read, whereas, in comparison, anus’s, are just not thought of being in any way interesting. Vaginas are luscious and sexy; they have nice feelings and they can have orgasms and they are great to root around in whereas there’s nothing nice about anus’s, because only diarrhoea and sh!t comes out of here. After all what doctor wants to be shining a torch up, and looking in, people’s bums all day long, when he can be having a look and feeling around a vagina?

      To sum up, a woman can ignore symptoms of anal cancer if she wishes and even if her anus is trailing along on the floor after her, she only needs to report these symptoms if she ‘chooses’ to, because the NHS think ‘its best to get things checked out’ – Yet when it comes to her vagina, even though statistically she will probably never get Cervical Cancer or anything else wrong with that part of her body, they deem it necessary to post out ‘invitations’ which are nothing more than thinly veiled threats to get access, on an ongoing and alarmingly regular basis all her life, to her most private place. Searching about to see if they can find anything that is even remotely ‘suspicious’ looking, never mind whether it’s full blown cancer.

  1. Hi Linda, I don’t necessarily have a negative experience as such. I made my decision not to ever screen as soon as I found out about cervical screening. When the subject was actually brought up during a conversation with my GP around twelve months ago, she acknowledged, respected and supported my decision not to screen. I was so relieved and I’ve never been asked about screening by any other GP at that practice. So, I don’t have a bad experience, but I could provide you with a contribution if it’s only just to give you my opinion of what potentially constitutes “good practice” by surgeries when their patients decline screening.

    • Hi App and Diane. Thats great. Please upload what you want. We all have our own perspective. I’m not some control freak telling everyone here what to do. All i think we should do is get a presence on kindle. Loads of people download free books when they get a device. I put a book on kindle about three years ago called the satin soldier it sold really well. Its a romance. So i know people cruise kindle for random stuff but are really made up to get something for nothing. Its away of getting the message out to more people. Put on what you want but i have the tecky know how to go about it. I will create a link to this site when i finally upload it that way we will get more on board.

      Everyone put on what you want. Everybody here is a valuable person. I will put mine on later this week. It will be written as a story as that is the medium i am most happy to use. Let me put mine on first if you all want then you can get a feel perhaps of how you would like to present yourselves.

      I think it would be great if Sue our leader would write a foreword.

      Alex – it would be great if you could put something on about unconventional forms of attack and why women might not be expecting to be amushed in a consult.

      Please keep this forum free tho’ for your stories only from now on as it will make it easier for me when i do the tecky stuff to make it readable for kindle. If you want to ask questions or make comments please use one of our forums. I read all if our comments everday as part of my daily fix.


      • Hi Linda. I will change the text to instruct potential contributors to ask questions on a different post. It’s wonderful to hear myself called “Sue our leader”, but that’s not exactly how I see it – I’m more like a blog monkey being directed by people with leadership ability:) Not that I mind at all, and I’m flattered.

      • It would be my pleasure. I don’t know much of anything about a “presence on kindle,” so maybe I could just post it on here & someone could put it on whatever they want. I assume that it’s shared information anyway & like the idea of distribution with that- from what I can tell, it’s typically not mentioned as a self-defense concern or a general issue.

    • Hi Kat. I have taken this from all your posts and put it together. Please feel free to make any changes. Linda xx

      Kat’s story

      Like many women in the UK, I was in my early twenties when the NHS Cervical Screening Programme captured me.
      I had decided I would like to take a contraceptive pill to protect against any unwanted pregnancies. I was young and enjoying myself and wanted to go out with my friends as well as find that special someone and commit to a relationship.
      Reading up on as much literature I could find about the different types of pill, I knew all they needed was a brief outline of my medical history, as well a record of my weight and a blood pressure test.
      At my initial consult I was surprised to discover my doctor wanted to do a ’smear test,’ ‘just to be sure,’ all was ok.
      I was probably one of the few who had some inkling of what a smear test involved and what it was for. I also knew I had a choice if I wanted one or not. I knew they were not compulsory.
      What I wasn’t prepared for was how incredibly violating having the smear test actually was. My first was very painful and I remember having to bite down on my lower lip to prevent me from screaming.
      The thought of some stranger peering at my private parts felt humiliating. Being prone on the examination table, in what I considered to be a vulnerable position, I hated the way I could not see what the nurse was doing. Laying there immersed in my thoughts while some overly efficient, officious nurse rooted around in my vagina, I wondered what she was thinking. Was she was judging me or comparing my vagina to others she had seen that day. How did I compare to other women? Was I the same? Was I different? Was I any less?
      Over the years I endured many smear tests. I was fortunate in that I was never called for further testing. That I never had to go through colposcapy, or Leetz, or cone biopsies or any of the other horrible things women with abnormal smears endured.
      In a long term monogamous relationship, and never having had any gynaecological problems, I would have been surprised if they found anything anyway. I didn’t like smears but went along with having them as it was considered the thing to do.

      About fifteen years ago I began to realize I no longer wanted smear tests. They had continued to be painful and I had never come to terms with complete strangers fiddling about ‘down there’ when there didn’t seem to be anything wrong.
      However, it came about that I submitted to another smear.
      During the exam, most nurses make ‘small talk’ The chat is usually about the weather or holidays, or a variety of topics that come to mind when your underwear is off, you’ve seen the speculum all ‘lubed’ up and your trying to put the impending violation of your vagina out of your thoughts.
      The conversation turned to the necessity of smear tests. I remember asking the nurse if there was someway of getting out of them as I had decided I wasn’t having anymore. She seemed surprised at my decision and asked me why I didn’t want them as she herself considered them a life saver.
      I told her they were painful, that the position you had to adopt to have the test was humiliating and that every time I had one it was done by someone different and the thought of all those people looking into and fiddling around in my vagina was …quite frankly … embarrassing.
      The nurse laughed and I remember her making a joke about seeing women’s vaginas all day everyday and that she didn’t mind in the least; that in her career she had seen everything and was fazed by nothing she came across. I was made to feel a fool in front of this professional.
      As I re-dressed and made my way out of the clinic, the nurses words reverberated in my mind.
      She wasn’t embarrassed. She had seen it all. She wasn’t fazed.
      It was all about her.

      What about me ?

      My feelings didn’t count. Rather – I was made to think my feelings didn’t count.

      After joining ‘forwomenseyesonly’ and reading all the articles and posts I now realise negating women’s feelings about the exams is part of the NHS ploy to harness all women’s compliance. When women voice concerns about the test they are made to feel silly, infantile … stupid. The doctor or nurse sees women’s private parts everyday and are very mature and sensible about it. Why can’t you be? What is your problem? Perhaps there is something wrong with you… perhaps you need counselling. They make you feel that women have no reasonable recourse to refuse the exam.

      I thought getting out of having any more smear tests would be simple and straightforward. When the invitations came I decided I would just ignore them.
      About a year ago another “invitation ” dropped through the letter box. As usual I ignored it and put it in the waste paper bin. However, having read on various websites procedures had changed; Ignore 2 written “invitations ” and the nurse will be phoning you, I would find that even less acceptable than the written “invitations ” and figured since the practice nurse was probably very busy and didn’t need to be spending wasted time chasing me.
      So I wrote a polite but firm letter stating I would not be having any more smears, that I wanted no more communication on the subject and I wouldn’t sue if I got cancer, and if I did have any problems with my intimate health I’d book a GP appointment.
      This seemed to do the trick as I got a form to sign back saying I understood implications and wanted to resign from the program.
      I returned the signed disclaimer back to GP but was dismayed the following week after that to receive another “invitation ” this time from health authority.
      Phoning them to see what the problem was, they informed me they’d not had anything from my GP.
      I immediately wrote to health authorities saying I would not have a smear and requested no further “invitations ” or contact.
      I also asked why in the leaflet which states it aims to help decide whether to screen or not, why no information is given on how to opt out of what you never opted in
      To this date I am still receiving postal invitations to screen.

      Unfortunately, I do have other health concerns. I am blighted by migraines (which to this day I swear was triggered by the contraceptive pill itself despite my GP saying otherwise ) as well as anaemia. At each and every consult for these other ongoing problems I am told I am ‘overdue’ for a smear test. This fact flashes up on screen before I have even sat down. It is always the first question I am asked regardless of what I booked the consult for.

      When I give my answer, sometimes doctors embarrass me and ask why. At first I used to tell them the whole story but now I don’t bother and just stay silent. Any reason I give is met with derision and sarcasm.
      Unfortunately it’s not possible for me to avoid doctors and I find myself hassled about smears at ever appointment. I always understood it is a choice whether to screen or not but this has not been the case for me.

      Once I agreed to my initial smear all those years ago and the subsequent ones afterwards, it appears the NHS believes I have no right to change my mind.

      The NHS will not let me go.

  2. Hi Diane.
    What I am going to do is write my story in a word document then copy it here. That gives you a real chance to get all your story out then edit before you put it here. That way you can go over and over and really say what you want to say. For legal reasons I would be very hesitent about naming docotrs tho’ What I am going to do for example is write Dr V—–. or Nurse G– .

      • Hi Diane.

        I have taken huge libeties with your previous posts over the past months and written them for you as one complete stroy. If it is ok great we can use it for our book but if not please feel free to change things.

        Diane’s story

        My mom made an appointment for me to see a gynaecologist when I was a young woman of eighteen. I was scared and shaking before and during my consultation as no one took the trouble to explain to me what was involved or what was going to happen.

        In America where I live, it’s the norm for mothers to take their daughters to see ‘gyno’s’ when they are about thirteen or fourteen. Although no internal exam of a girls vagina takes place, at this first visit quite often a visual inspection of a girls outer genitalia is undertaken. This is often used as an excuse to rule out abnormalities or infections, though why a doctor simply doesn’t ask a girl to report anything she thinks is wrong I don’t know, after all’ what can some old man having a good ‘lech’ at your private parts tell you what you don’t know about your own body? Also girls are encouraged to discuss very intimate and private details of their bodies to these doctors, which are unfortunately nearly always older men of about forty or fifty sometimes even older. Very few people question why it is necessary for a young women to be examined in this way by a much older man. It is put over as a normal part of being female and mothers are actively encouraged to take their daughters along to these exams.

        Because I wanted birth control the doctor decided it was in my interest to have an internal exam and a ‘pap test.’ Embarrassed, as I was very much against this but he persuaded me to undergo it.

        However, due to the fact I was extremely nervous the doctor was not able to penetrate my vagina with the speculum. My muscles had gone tight and he just couldn’t ‘get it in.’ At the time I was glad as I didn’t have the ordeal of having a speculum exam. Just the sight of the thing had ‘freaked’ me out.

        But this was just the beginning of my problems.

        All these things played on my mind and it lead to me abusing drugs for a number of years. I did have relationships with men but as soon as sex was on the cards I would freeze. My vagina would tighten and my partner would not be able to get his penis in. The problem was so bad that they could not even place a finger inside of me.

        On the rare occasion I was able to have sex it was so painful I had to pull away. This problem, I feel destroyed any intimacy and enjoyment of sex.

        I tried for many years to find out why sex hurt. But because all doctors want to do is give me an internal exam, but were not able to, I have never been able to get an answer to my problem. I asked for sedation so that I could be unconscious for the exam but doctors always refuse to do this. I have never found doctors of nurses to be sympathetic to me. In fact on some occasions I have had the very real sense they have been making fun of me behind my back.

        For along time I felt my life was utterly destroyed. What man would want a relationship with me? We would not be able to enjoy sex together or any other intimacy between lovers. I have spent most of my adult alone. No one loves me and I love no one. No joy in life. No happiness. No loving intimacy.

        It’s only recently when I went looking for answers, I discovered that for all these years I had probably been suffering from PTSD. (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)

        PTSD is a terrible thing to be afflicted with. It makes the sufferer recall memories in such great detail that it is painful. Because the memories are nearly always of that stupid doctor and him forcing an unwanted pap on me at such a young age, I am left utterly traumatised.

        To this day I have never found an answer to my problem.

      • thanks for putting my story together For along time I felt my life was utterly destroyed. What man would want a relationship with me? We would not be able to enjoy sex together or any other intimacy between lovers. I have spent most of my adult alone. please change the part of n joy to difficult in having relationships


    • Suzanne. Every womens story is beyond valuable. The women here would be honoured to hear it. Please write it then paste it here. Please call it suzannes story , it will make it easier for me to find. I will put it in a file towards our free kindle book. I will be uploading mine this evening. X

      • Suzanne. If you wish to join in and comment on anything else please do but use one of the other forums . I would just like to keep this particular one for the actual stories so i dont get confused with whats going in the actual book and other comments.X

  3. Linda’s Story

    Between 1988 and 2010, the NHS had me raped on seven separate occasions …
    Hi all.
    This is my story for the book we are all going to be a part of – For Womens Eyes Only – The truth they don’t want you to read. It will be a free book that anyone with a Kindle can download. Please dont comment on this particular forum just upload your own stories now. When we are all finished and every last one of who wants to has put their story or article here I will be able to harvest them all and put them in a file to be uploaded to kindle.

    I’ve always believed the pen is mightier than the sword. Let the world know about us. It will be a true account of womens experiences in book form for the first time ever. It will be on Kindle for all time with link to us when anyone types in ‘ smear tests ‘ on the internet. Tthere is nothing anyone can do to stop it. it will stink up cyber space for all time!!!!!!

    I intend putting it on just before Christmas so all submissions must be on this particular forum b y 20th December.

    Linda’s Story

    Between 1988 and 2010 the NHS had me raped on seven seperate occasions

    Dr V glared at me from under heavily hooded eyelids.
    ‘All women have these,’ he snapped in reply at my weak excuse to get out of what I considered to be a horribly intrusive thing.
    ‘It’s just part of being a woman.’ His demeanour suddenly changed. It became more altruistic; more paternalistic. ‘Besides I wouldn’t be a good doctor if I didn’t give you a smear test before renewing your prescription for the pill.’
    Lowering my gaze momentarily to the floor, I felt foolish and childish in front of the much older, wiser, man of medicine. He knew what was best for me. At 22 years old; married with a home; it was time I grew up. Reluctantly, I nodded my capitulation without uttering a word.
    A tongue darted out from between his lips, moistening them. He visibly brightened as he explained in a rushed voice, he would step out of the office for a moment while I removed my underwear and pulled my skirt up and hopped on to the examination table and then lay down.
    Doing as told, after a few moments he re-entered the room. I lay there terrified, still naive and only now beginning to get an inkling of what was going to happen.
    Although he was gentle doing whatever he was now doing, the sensation of some strange implement being pushed into my vagina was repulsive.
    My mind retreated to a far away place. A kind of mental detachment to what was going on ‘down there.’ A detachment of my core self from my own body. My vagina.
    And then came the pain. Unexpected. Sharp and cutting. It was excruciating. I could feel an inner twisting on my cervix. It was the most intense pain I had ever felt. Even today I still recall that pain vividly. I don’t recall crying out. I remember I was holding myself rigid.
    Winding the mechanism’s jaws shut, I felt the thing being tugged from my vagina, my introitus sagging with relief as the opening of my vagina closed back in on itself. Catching a glimpse of the speculum, I saw a huge hulking great piece of ironmongery, now covered in grease and vaginal mucus that had somehow opened my precious lady space like a cave. A glob of clear jelly squished from my opening onto the paper drape beneath me. It looked like a party jelly gone terribly wrong. I remember just gaping at it in horror as Dr V reached and grabbed the paper towel beneath me, crumpling it before my wide eyes and tossing it into his waste paper basket.
    I was in shock. Feeling somehow violated, found myself inwardly repeating over and over, this was a simple medical procedure, other women went through it. And surely the doctor received no pleasure from seeing a young women’s genitals so close up? The parted outer labia, the moist inner labia, the rose bud like clitoris? Peering in to them at his leisure to make sure everything was ok, healthy, free from disease and pleasing to his eye and not wrong in someway, diseased, unappealing; then taking his time placing a foreign object through the vaginal opening and into my most private place? He is the doctor. He looked at women’s private parts everyday. They were just something to examine. They meant nothing to him; was probably sick of seeing them. My mind was in turmoil. He left the room as I hurriedly got dressed.
    Glanced over a small washbasin in which he’d placed the used speculum, I recoiled in disgust. It lay lop-sided on top of a heap of others that had been flung there. A half empty bottle of fairy washing liquid was in amongst them. I recall thinking ‘ugh’ How many other vaginas had those things been in? I felt physically sick. Upset and angry that this is what I had to go through just to obtain the pill.


    In 1993 a letter came through the door one Saturday morning ‘inviting’ me to make an appointment for a smear test.
    On a wedding invitation or an engagement or birthday one, there is always the opportunity to decline the invite; a slip or a return address, contact details to let people know you‘re not coming. On these leaflets there was nothing like that; only information on the importance of having regular smear tests, the statement that thousands upon thousands of women get cervical cancer and die, along with the instruction to make an appointment and get on with it.
    At first I ignored the letter. In fact, tore it up and threw the pieces in the bin. No way was I having another of those, shuddering at the memory of my first. By now, while I couldn’t remember the exact date of it, the deep shooting agony I had felt in my vagina that day never left me.
    The next time I visited Dr V he implied that I could not have any more contraceptive pills unless I had another smear test. The two were inexorably linked and this is how it was. I begged but he refused. If I was mature enough to have sex then I was mature enough to have the exams to make sure all was well to go with it. It had been three years since my last test and all the sexual contact I’d had in between could be leading to cancer. My husbands semen was very bad for me; rotting away my private place. It was now a matter of life and death. No test – no pill.

    ‘My name is Nurse G.’
    She was a big boned woman, late forties or early fifties, I couldn’t tell which as her hair was dyed and she wore a lot of make-up. Her whole manner was friendly and welcoming, reminding me of a nursery school assistant or a fairy godmother.
    Immediately I was put at ease though the impending procedure was there in the forefront of my thoughts.
    ‘Take off your shoes and just pop up on to the table, my Little Angel. When you are ready raise up your skirt and lie back.’ I did as she instructed.
    ‘Now lets have a little look at you My Darling,’ she purred, as she came over to me. ‘Just let you knees flop to the side an raise your bottom to me. That’s it now, I’ll be as quick as I can, Sugar Plum.’
    A gloved hand reached for my genitals and parted the labia as she peered at my privates. During my first smear test, I had closed my eyes but for this one I was determined to keep them open and watch the procedure.
    Then the speculum loomed into view. It was caked with the jelly lubricant and so were her gloved fingers as she penetrated my genitals, gliding in effortlessly with practiced ease before opening me up for her to peer inside .
    ‘Are you all right, Little Chicken? ’ she asked concerned, as my teeth clenched tight with a loud crunching sound; loud inside the small room. I’d felt the whisper of a scratch in my vagina wall. It was stinging slightly. Reassuring myself it was nothing major, only light, some discomfort to be expected; but my body was remembering.
    As the speculum was opened fully inside my vagina for this nurse to view my cervix I winced in pain. Ignoring me she began scraping around my cervix. I cried out. It felt as if she was pinching the organ. It hurt like hell and I flinched trying to pull away from it.
    A fleeting thunder cloud crossed her features as she glanced away. She forced it from her face before re-donning her syrupy smile but she could do nothing to retract her bared teeth.
    ‘I’ll stop if you want me too but I’ll be finished in a second, Cream Cake.’
    I instantly cried out for her to stop. The command bursting out on a lungful of air I had been holding in. Unbelievably she just ignored me.
    ‘No. Stop. It’s too painful.’ I told her. ‘It feels as it you are scraping out my insides. I feel like I’m on fire.’
    ‘It won’t take a second, Honey Bun, I’m nearly done.’ she reassured me carrying on.
    ‘You will have to stop now. I can’t take anymore.’ I called through gritted teeth. I felt dizzy and sick. Glad to be lying down as I was sure I had been standing I would have passed out.
    Quickly finishing the procedure, she began withdrawing the speculum. I cried out again.
    ‘I’m being cut.’ I remember crying “fu*k this” into the air. ‘The thing has ripped my inside. I can feel it.’
    ‘Nonsense, Sweetie Pie,’ she retorted, lifting the used speculum towards my face. I recoiled in disgust seeing the thing all glistening and shining under the stark glare of the strip lights above. ‘You can’t be cut by the speculum, the thing had been designed with the purpose of being placed into the vagina and taken out again. It can’t possibly have hurt you.’
    ‘I am cut.’ I heard myself yelling. I wanted to scream. This was the inside of my vagina I was complaining about. She was a nurse …
    Putting the speculum to one side, she peered at my throbbing genitals.
    ‘Yes, there does seem to be some blood.’ Her fingers lifted my labia apart.
    ‘Lets have a look at what’s going on in there shall we?’
    Reaching out for a swab, she placed it over my private area. She pressed it and then pulled it away.
    ‘There does seem to be a small amount of bleeding. Do you have your period at the moment?
    ‘No.’ I replied, indignant. ‘The doctor told me to book the appointment in the middle of a period.’
    She pressed the swab back against my vulva, unconcerned about my discomfort or my dignity.
    Lifting it away a few seconds later, I could see why she mistakenly thought I was on my period.
    She put the pad to one side and took hold of a second.
    ‘Hold this in place for a few minutes, Little Chicken.’ Pulling her hand away and pressing my own to it. After a few minutes she inspected me again.
    ‘This has never this happened before.’ She began reassuring me. ‘I think you might have delicate membranes on your cervix. That possibly accounts for the blood. But I don’t know what can account for the pain you were complaining about though. I was very gentle.’ I flinched under her cold gaze.
    ‘Are you a bit sensitive Linda?’ she then asked. ‘I’m going to put this delicately so please don’t be offended – but I think you’re over reacting. It could be that you’ve blown this out of all proportion in your head. And worried unnecessarily about it. I could tell by your face when you first came in you weren’t a Happy Bunny.’
    ‘I don’t like smear tests.’ I mumbled. Nurse G was smiling sweetly. Too sweetly.
    ‘Well, its all part of being a woman.’ she cooed. ‘You have to get used to these tests because I can assure you by the time you reach my age you will have had dozens.’
    I left nurse G’s office sore and still bleeding. I was still bleeding four days later and using pads and I still hurt. The delicate space penetrated by the cheaply made plastic speculum, a sharp bit had scratched the walls of my vagina.


    A month or so later a letter came in the post. I read it with mounting horror. My recent smear had shown up abnormal cells and I was being ‘invited’ for further testing.
    I didn’t understand what had gone so badly wrong. I didn’t feel ill and there didn’t seem to be anything wrong with me ‘down there.’ In fact I felt well. There was no mention of anything like this on the leaflet that accompanied my ‘invitation.’ No mention that having a smear test could lead to further testing. Why hadn’t I been warned of this? What were these ‘abnormal cells’? How long had they been there? The test was to check for cancer of the cervix, I knew that, but what were these ‘abnormal cells’ they had found? They must have found cancer, I decided.
    Devastated, I convinced myself I was dying of the disease. Nothing could stop it now. I was only 25 but my life was over. I imagined the progression of the tumour now eating at my body. My cervix was beginning to blacken and shrivel. There would be months of hospital visits ahead of me. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy. Made sick by the round of treatment I could look forward to diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, while secretly harbouring the thought, perhaps they could do nothing for me and I would die.
    Thoughts of my slowly disintegrating vagina forced me to make an appointment to see my Doctor. What was to come was far worse than I could have imagined.

    After another smear test revealed suspicious looking cells that the NHS was worried would become cancer, my life became a series of hospital visits one after the other which went on for months. I had one biopsy, then a few weeks later another. A few weeks after that they did something else which I could not give the medical name for as only being the patient I was not privy to this kind of information. All I remember is it was excruciating.
    Back in the 90’s when I was having all of these treatments, no anaesthetic was given as the procedure was relatively new and it was still thought in the still then male dominated patriarchal space of the hospital setting, I would not really feel pain ‘down there’ The only thing I didn’t have was an hysterectomy. Though at one point it was discussed and for a while it was on the cards.
    Me and my husband wanted babies but now there was going to be a problem with that.
    I was a mess. My cervix was a mess. I was in so much pain. My abdomen throbbed not only from all the procedures but from the indignity of all those hands and tools feeling around and digging around. There were days when my vagina felt so big and swollen I believed the rest of my internal organs were going to fall through it.
    Of course, making love with my husband was out of the question. I was 26 he was 28. We were young. We should have been enjoying our youth. We should have been having sex.
    Did I have cancer?
    Did they find anything?
    What, not even something remotely suspicious looking?


    Because of the cleverly crafted ruse by the NHS, like many others, I came to believe smear tests were mandatory for women. Law, in fact. When the next summons came I made the appointment for the test within a few weeks of the letter arriving.

    ‘Now, Flowery Loo, let’s hope we don’t have a replay of the drama of last time.’
    I scrunched my eyes, mentally psyching myself for the vaginal torment. My breath was rock solid in my lungs every fibre of my being clenched.
    Some years had passed since the treatment for my non existent cancer. It was now a distant memory and I had returned to the normal course of my life.
    ‘I think I might be pregnant this test won’t in anyway harm my baby will it?’ I asked Nurse G. ‘Its just that if I am pregnant its only about six weeks.’
    ‘Are you late for your period?’
    ‘Yes, by about two weeks.’
    ‘Are you trying for a baby?’
    ‘Yes. We’ve been trying for a little while now. Are you sure it will be OK? Its just that I’ve heard smear tests can cause miscarriages.’
    ‘Who told you that?’ Nurse G seemed startled.
    ‘My friends at work.’
    ‘Well what do they know. Are they doctors?’
    ‘Well then. I’ve never heard of a smear test causing miscarriages. Shall we get on with it, Trinket?
    ‘Ok.’ I recall saying hesitantly.

    I remember the torrential rain that day as I walked the mile from the surgery to my house. The downpour obscuring my tears. Something was very wrong with my body. There was an inner ache like nothing I had ever known in my life. Upset that I wasn’t given a choice to refuse the NHS’s demands; couldn’t say no; couldn’t protect the new life I felt was growing within me.
    The following morning sat at my desk at work, there was a painful cramping in my abdomen. My body seemed to be convulsing and I had a slight fever. My colleague and best friend broke off from her telephone conversation with her customer and passed her waste paper bin over to me.
    ‘Here,’ she scoffed, ‘Be sick in this if you’re going to puke.’
    The bin was barely in front of my face before I heaved my breakfast and the numerous coffee’s I’d consumed that morning into it. ‘Oh Chr!st.’ I screamed as a strange sliding feeling consumed my vagina. Something was forcing its way out. I doubled up and ran full pelt with my arms folded over my stomach to the ladies toilet down the corridor from our office, my friend racing along behind me.
    ‘What the Hell’s happening?’ I could hear her shouting in my wake.
    Reaching the first cubicle, I flung myself in and lowered my knickers to sit on the toilet. Immediately a thick, gelatinous discharge began to flow from my vagina. It came out slowly, coursing down from me in one complete length of mucus and gloop.
    Over my cries of shock and pain was the sound of my friend banging on the locked cubicle door, screaming ‘Let me in. Let me in.’
    My head was banging and there were lights flashing before my eyes. I felt drunk yet all I’d consumed was coffee. I wretched again and then once or twice more, tho’ there was nothing left in my stomach.
    Somehow she managed to move aside the bolt and prize open the toilet door.
    ‘What’s the matter? Are you alright? For God’s sake Linda, you’re scaring the sh!t out of me. ’
    Just then her eyes caught the black and red mass that was now settling itself into bowl and the surrounding toilet water. I saw the frown and the look of bewilderment cross her features.
    ‘Are you alright?’
    I shook my head not really knowing how I felt. Glancing into the toilet, we took in the horrible sight. There was blood all over the ceramic.
    Swallowed hard, I asked, ‘What’s wrong with me?’
    Obviously shocked by my plight, ‘I think we’d better get you to hospital, Linda,’
    was all she could say.
    ‘Why? What is it?’
    ‘I think you’ve had a miscarriage.’

    Memories of that morning sometimes come back to haunt me. Before I left the cramped cubicle to wait in the reception area for the ambulance to arrive, I pressed the handle of the toilet and flushed the contents away. Flushed my baby away. Flushed my baby down the toilet like an unwanted piece of sh!t.


    ‘Now then Cockleshell, how are you?’
    Nearly three years had passed since the last time I had been given no choice but to come to this ‘Angel’s’ fiefdom. She hadn’t changed.
    ‘Ok. I suppose,’ was my glum reply.
    Nurse G directed me on to her examination table while she prepared her tools.
    ‘Now you don’t sound too bright, my Little Princess. Is everything all right?’
    Something made me sit bolt upright. I shut my legs together and turned to face her.
    ‘Are these tests absolutely necessary?’ I demanded. ‘I’m in a long term monogamous relationship. Me and my husband were both virgins when we married. There has never been anybody else.’
    Nurse G was taken aback. ‘Where did you hear that nonsense?’ she shook her head and went about finishing her preparation. ‘All women are at risk of cervical cancer. All women.’
    ‘But I read somewhere there are certain risk factors, smoking for instance or having multiple sexual partners from a young age’
    ‘Well low risk is not no risk.’ she replied briskly. ‘It’s just something we have to get on with. Cervical cancer can strike anyone at any time of their lives. It’s best to have the test.’
    ‘I know someone who died despite having all her tests.’ I argued. ‘They told her she was ok when she wasn’t.’
    ‘Well, I don’t know anything about that. Shall we?’ Nurse G indicated she was impatient to get on with my smear test. Perhaps she had lots of women to test that day.
    Any resistance drained from me and I allowed her to go ahead. What was the point of annoying her? She was a nurse. What the hell did I know anyway?
    ‘Are you alright Linda?’ She asked concerned a minute or two later, removing the speculum after finishing rummaging around my vagina.
    Tears were rolling down my cheek and I was sobbing.
    ‘Its just that … Its just that …’
    ‘What is it Honey Pie? Tell G.G all about it?’
    ‘I never have sex with my husband anymore.’ I spluttered in her face. ‘There’s no intimacy, nothing. Its like I have no feeling “down there.” My clitoris doesn’t seem to work. It’s like it’s dead.’
    Without even indicating or verbally warning me of what she was about to do, Nurse G reached out with a forefinger and stared gently stroking my clitoris.
    I lay there too shocked to react. Could she do that? Was this part of her remit too?
    It seemed to me she could do anything she wanted to me. I should have said Stop!. I should have pulled away. But didn’t. Didn’t know what to do. Was speechless.
    After a few seconds Nurse G withdrew her finger. My clitoris had reacted to her touch; It was swollen in response.
    ‘There doesn’t seem to be anything wrong with it.’ She said in a reassuring tone. She pursed her lips at me and shrugged. ‘It works fine.’

    Something passed between us that moment. A kind of shared intimacy between me and this so called nurse with the most private part of my body. But we did share a strange kind of intimate relationship – she was my NHS sanctioned smear taker and she had rights to touch my body in any way she pleased. Even now nearly twenty years later I can’t express what I feel in words. Was I sexually assaulted or wasn’t I?
    I did have a sexual reaction to her touch. Did she have some right as my nurse to do that to me? Should I have shared such intimate details about my sex life with this women? This zealous pro-screener? This rampant Tw*t fairy?
    Perhaps given a choice if I wanted to have a smear test or not, I wouldn’t have been in that compromising situation.


    When the next ‘summons’ to book an appointment for a smear test came, I took it in my stride and made one immediately. After all, I only carried the ‘hole’ in my body around with me. Yes, it was attached to me. I lived with it. Cleaned it. Put tampons in it when it bled. But it wasn’t mine. It was wholly owned by the NHS. Belonging to them totally, from time to time they had the right to demand access to my genitals and check ‘the hole’ for cancer.
    It had been one hell of a year. My friend from work had been killed in a car accident and my best friend from school committed suicide. As well, I had completed my part time degree in Social History and was about to start teacher training.
    Having also moved house, I found my new surgery didn’t do smear tests and were instead undertaken at a local Well Woman’s clinic.
    ‘Hi. My name’s Michaela.’ (Not her real name)
    I followed the nurse into her examination room. She walked briskly and shut the door to the room a hairs breadth behind me.
    To my horror, there was a man inside the small room, standing next to the examination table. A clipboard in his hands, I could see my name clearly printed on the sheet attached to it.
    He was about twenty, clean shaven and sparkly eyed. Putting the clipboard aside, he stepped forward to greet me and introduce himself.
    ‘My name is John.’ (I don’t recall his real name) ‘If it’s OK with you I would like to stay and observe today.’
    ‘He’s a student nurse.’ Michaela cut in, while busying herself preparing the table with a wad of light blue paper towels.
    ‘Oh.’ (I don’t remember actually saying anything but it is in my nature to always make some kind of affirmative noise no matter what I am confronted with.)
    Thinking, I’m sure this place promotes itself as a women only health centre. It was supposed to be a safe place for women to come to without any men being on the premises. It doubled as a rape crisis centre during the day. Perhaps the rules were different at this time of evening.
    ‘Sure.’ I shrugged and without a word stepped behind the curtain to remove my skirt and underwear.
    Why didn’t I say no to his request right there and then? Why didn’t I leave? Why didn’t I tell him to leave.
    But then I remembered, why I couldn’t insist on these things., The subtle conditioning and brainwashing by the NHS had been thorough and complete – They could do anything to me they wished!
    It was only then I noticed the nurses fingernails as she eased her hands into the latex gloves. Looking like a Manchurian Princess from pre communist China her red talons stretched an impossible inch in length. I wondered if she would scratch the delicate tissue she was abut to help herself to.
    Committed now to having the smear test, I took a deep breath and tried to relax. Only the signal didn’t quite reach down to my vagina.
    ‘If you could just relax for me.’ Michaela the nurse asked in a quiet tone.
    When she couldn’t even begin to place the speculum in. She glanced at me and said
    ‘You’re a bit tense Linda. Do you think you could relax for me?’
    It still wouldn’t go in after another try. The entrance to my vagina had contracted and wasn’t letting anything in.
    ‘Take a deep breath for me Linda.’ I heard her say.
    I took a deep breath. With what seemed like a heave-ho motion she rammed the speculum in. The sensation was of it going in all the way to my stomach but I knew the anatomy of my vagina simply didn’t stretch that far. But Jes*s it was a horrible sensation.
    Glancing round the room which seemed to be cloaked in some kind of fog, I took in the face of John at the end of the table, thankful his gaze was averted at that moment. He seemed to be looking round the room searching for whatever it was I was looking round at.
    ‘All done,’ the nurse exclaimed, throwing aside the gloves and revealing those nails which gratefully hadn’t torn me apart. ‘By God you’ve got a tight vagina, Linda. Have you never had children?’
    ‘No.’ I stammered. ‘I never want children.’
    Climbing off the table I grabbed the modesty curtain and dragged it round me. Dressing without a word and without a backwards glance or my stupid oft’ given perfunctory ‘thank you,’ I left as quickly as possible.
    The sheer disrespect the NHS and its cronies had for the person inside of my body that lives her life as the entity ‘Linda,’ was utterly galling. The complete lack of concern for my bodily privacy, my dignity, my feelings was tantamount to assault. At the time I couldn’t put my anger and disgust at these people into words. I thought I was being stupid, immature, over the top. After all wasn’t this what every women experienced?


    ‘Your Smear taker this evening is Lorraine.’ (Not her real name) The receptionist smiled at me. ‘She’s lovely’
    Taking a seat as shown me by the receptionist I sat down and waited for my turn in a daze. Lorraine. The name mulled over and over in my mind. How many is that now? I held out my thumbs and fingers as an imaginary counting frame and began listing names. Lorraine. Michaela. Nurse G. Doctor V. Who else? God knows. So many now I can’t remember. Doctors and some nurses from when I was so called dying of cancer. More doctors at the Women’s Hospital when I miscarried. A technician wanting to give me some kind of scan? Some German doctor believing it necessary to have a good feel. A Muslim woman, completely veiled, only her eyes showing, she had had a good feel round my vagina: God only knows why as I never saw or heard from her again.
    Oh yes, Peter, (not his real name) How could I forget him? Gay and extrovert. Yes, he had been lovely, gentle, so concerned I may need help with any future pregnancies.
    How many was that? About twenty? More surely? In fact everyone had been in my vagina. Anyone who wanted. Sadly, I reflected, everyone but the lovely man I was married to. He never went there. Was never allowed to.
    ‘Linda.’ The sound of my name being called broke me from my reverie. ‘I’m sorry I’m running late,’ the sweet smiling girl of a nurse apologised, ‘it’s been a very busy day.’ All those vaginas!
    Following her into the cubicle, she pulled the curtain behind us.
    The smear test was uneventful. It was not pleasant but it didn’t hurt. My genitals were numb.
    ‘Who’d be a women, eh?’ She laughed when she was finished.
    I got up from the table and pulled my skirt up. ‘I’m coming back as a man.’ I quipped back. She laughed again. She was friendly. I took a deep breath.
    ‘Look,’ I said, searching for something deep inside me. What was it?
    ‘Are smear tests absolutely necessary? I mean … Do I have to have them? I’ve been having them every few years of my adult life and they have caused me nothing but trouble. I don’t want anymore. This is my last.’
    I was shocked at my boldness. Having started my train of thought by asking her a question, found myself making the self affirming statement.
    Maybe because, so much older, now forty five, so many life paths painfully trodden, worn down utterly, I found this ‘child’ before me extremely annoying. How dare she, along with all the others, presume ownership of my body.
    Her lips parted as she searched inwardly for her well rehearsed spiel. But instead this young nurse said something which was to have a profound effect on my life.
    ‘Of course you must have smear tests,’ she reiterated to me earnestly, in her young eager manner. ‘Cervical Cancer is the number one killer of women.’

    My work friend killed in a car; another friend dead from pills she took; a degree in history which showed me women die from war, famine and disease and at the hands of men. I knew her statement was wrong. I raced home to my computer. For the first time in my adult life I realised the NHS was concocting a total fabrication. I searched and searched year by year the World Health Organisations website. And there it was. My answer.
    Is Cervical Cancer the world’s number one killer of women?
    No it isn’t. It doesn’t even get into their top 100. In fact, from their statistics I glean Cervical Cancer is fantastically rare.


    For the past six years the NHS appeared to have forgotten about my vagina. However, a recent series of visits to my doctor for depression triggered what can only be described as a tsunami slide of pressure to undergo more testing. I was asked at each visit if I wanted a smear test. Each time came my polite refusal. Then the practice nurse got on board and rang me at home. She was given a firm No! but a week later when I saw her for an unrelated problem, the subject was brought up again. Two weeks after that the surgery manager made up some lie the doctor was insisting I come in for the test as soon as possible. It had been so long since my last test they were worried about cancer. God only new how bad a condition my vagina was in now, because of my wanton neglect.

    Angered at this sickening approach to get access to my vagina, (Hadn’t these rampant Fanny Witches read my records? ) this time I went searching for answers.
    The internet is awash with the horrors women have endured. There are accounts of humiliation, pain, pressure to screen, unnecessary surgeries, tho’ I have to say there is nothing like this on the NHS Choices website or the Public Heath Site. They only contain stories that tell you how nice the nurse was, or that the woman was nervous but found that having a smear test merely ‘tickled.’ Anything I posted was immediately deleted from these sites. They don’t want anyone rocking their apple cart.
    By accident I stumbled on ‘forwomenseyesonly.’ A site dedicated to hearing about women’s experiences of smears as well as containing related articles. I was amazed when I discovered it. But what was more amazing were the women there and their friendship and kindness.

    I was no longer alone.

    The reason I am so outspoken accusing the NHS of seven counts of rape.

    One of the posters, Alex, writes often on the subject of ‘unconventional’ forms of attack. His posts describe how women are conditioned to watch out for ‘normal’ attacks such as the masked rapist in the darkened alley, but may not recognise another subtle form of attack such as those committed against them in the name of healthcare. A woman while suspecting something being done to her isn’t pleasant or right or feels she ‘should’ ‘has to’ or ‘must’ or it’s ‘the thing to do’ to submits to this very intrusive and invasive intimate vaginal exam doesn’t necessarily think of it as an outright attack.

    At first I was disgusted by myself calling what happened to me rape. This was a disservice to the millions of women around the planet who suffer horribly at the hands of men. Who am I to count myself as one of them never having experienced this. Feeling desperate to get answers I contacted Rape Crisis.

    According to them – Sexual assault is an act of physical, psychological and emotional violation, in the form of a sexual act, which is inflicted on someone without consent. It can involve forcing or manipulating someone to witness or participate in any sexual acts, apart from penetration of the mouth with the penis, the penetration of the anus or vagina (however slight) with any object or the penis. (Rape Crisis)

    More importantly – The Sexual Offences Act 2003 (the Act) came in to strengthen and modernise the law on sexual offences. The Act updates the law about consent and belief in consent.
    The word ‘consent’ in the context of the offence of rape is now defined as – A person consents if she or he agrees by choice, and has the freedom and capacity to make that choice. The essence of this definition is the agreement by ‘choice.’ The law does not require the victim to have physically resisted in order to prove a lack of consent. The question of whether the victim consented is a matter for the jury to decide.

    Current legal definition of
    sexual (indecent) assault

    Assault by penetration with a implement.

    (1) A person (A) commits an offence if—
    (a) he intentionally penetrates the vagina or anus of another person (B) with a part of his body or anything else,
    (b) the penetration is sexual,
    (c) B does not consent to the penetration, and
    (d) A does not reasonably believe that B consents.
    (2) Whether a belief is reasonable is to be determined having regard to all the circumstances, including any steps A has taken to ascertain whether B consents.

    “Discomfort/pain, shame/embarrassment, and/or a feeling of being violated, as a result of penetration of the sexual organs by a person or an implement with whom a woman has no sexual interest, achieved through coercion, fear, and/or intimidation.” ( CPS Crown Prosecution Service )

    The numerous solicitors I have approached to help me prosecute my case are very hesitant about taking on the NHS. They inform me my case would be very difficult to gain any kind of outcome. Sexual interest must be proven which a doctor or practice nurse might easily negate my claim. They could easily say they believed I gave my consent by the fact I got up on to the examination table myself and allowed the test to take place.  That by making the appointment, getting in my car, actually signing my consent, saying ‘hello’ and making small talk with my smear taker I wavered, any right to say this was done against my will.

    Yet my anger still boils. What can I do? Well one lovely solicitor (a man) took the time to listen to me. This is what he suggested.

    It is not against the law to take a recording device into any consultation with a doctor or practice nurse. They don’t even need to be told you are taping the conversation as by law if you are involved you don’t have to reveal this fact. Wait for whoever you are seeing to offer you a smear test. Politely decline. If they continue trying to persuade you to submit either with coercion – (this is what all women do its just a normal part of being a woman) Intimidation – (saying you must do it to stay on our list of patients) or frightening you with ‘falsified facts’ surrounding cervical cancer. Simply get up and leave. Because you have them.

    Because by law THIS IS an attempt to assault you with an implement. You don’t need to prove it was sexual in orientation. The mere fact they were trying to get you to accept having an implement placed inside your vagina against you will is enough to get a conviction.

    No one has done it yet. Perhaps no woman feels strongly enough to go through with it

    I do. I will be waiting. I will be biding my time.

  4. Ada’s story
    I’m mid-50’s and in my life, I’ve had only 3 smear tests, as we call them in the UK.

    The first one was in my 20’s during the mid-1980’s. I had gone to a GP about getting the pill and had no idea what would happen to me there. I thought a woman could just ask for it. I found myself having the routine pelvic, breast exam and a smear test. It was carried out with swift efficiency, by a Chinese lady, who had clearly had a lot of experience. The smear test, however, was a bit of a shock – I’d never seen or heard of such things, and although it didn’t hurt too much, it made me very unhappy. I had gone because I wanted to get married, and here I was being prepared like a turkey ready for the oven. I came away feeling like I’d been processed for prison, not married life. Men didn’t have to put up with this, and I didn’t see why women should be expected to put up with this nonsense either.

    I was given 3 packets of Logynon, a tri-phasic pill. The first week I felt fine, but the second week introduced a progestogen combination, which gave me blinding headaches after a couple of days. Normally an optimist, I found myself weeping constantly throughout the day, feeling very down all the time and having a mouth full of ulcers. At one point I counted 10 in my mouth at once, and was having to get by on liquids through a straw. To cap it all, I developed an unsightly stye on one eye, something I’d never had at any other time. I stopped the packet immediately as I didn’t feel I could tolerate this any further, and in a couple of days I started getting back to my normal self again. In later months, I tried twice more, but each time the same thing happened. The GP was indifferent when I told her and suggested an IUD? I was appalled. Not only did I fear the damage these things might do, but if I were to experience severe side-effects as I did with the pill, there’d be no getting it out to stop it. I had to have something I could control myself, so the doctor and I parted company, and work took us to a new location.

    I didn’t re-register with a GP for a while, so when the organised cervical screening programme was rolled out in 1989, I don’t remember receiving the summons letters at first. However, when I became pregnant, I signed up with a local practice, and was delighted that they also supported home births. It was at one of my prenatal checks that the GP raised the topic of an outstanding smear test. I told the GP that I didn’t want one. I knew that this cancer was caused by a sexually transmitted virus, and I knew my risk was extremely low. However, it was presented to me as something that was an essential part of the “childbirth package”. I was told that all the right boxes had to be ticked for the doctor to allow the home birth to go ahead, and there were to be no outstanding concerns. Despite putting my point across firmly, I felt that I could not rely on the doctor to not pull the plug on my home birth plans at the last minute if I continued to refuse a smear test, so very reluctantly, I gave in. The GP wrote in my notes: “She is vehemently opposed to the cervical screening programme, but has agreed to have one today”. Being vehemently opposed to something but to agree to it at the same time is obviously medical terminology for “forced the patient against her will”.

    When we had registered at this practice our GP had been a kindly old man, but on his retirement, we’d been transferred to the list of a brash, new zealot. With her initials being S & M, the alarm bells should have been ringing loud for me, but other surgeries were out of catchment for us, so I thought if I could get this one over and done with, I’d go elsewhere next time around.

    I was extremely sick and ill throughout my entire pregnancy and the fact that Dr SM was dismissive and unhelpful about my debilitating pregnancy sickness further angered me. The sole part of my body she had any interest in at all, was my cervix and nothing else. The procedure hurt and made me bleed. I was alarmed and furious that the weeks of vomiting might have all been for nothing, just so this blundering fanatic could reach her screening quota. The insult to the injury was Dr SM casually saying that the sample was contaminated with too much blood to be of any use, and would be rejected. It had all been a waste of time.

    I went home angry and upset, but fortunately, my pregnancy continued to 37 weeks when my waters started to leak. I reported nothing to the midwife, and gave birth normally at home a few days later.

    I was overjoyed, but had sustained a 2nd degree tear during the birth. As I was comfortable at home and we had no anaesthetic, the midwives told me I could either go to hospital to get it stitched, or leave it to heal naturally. I chose the latter. The first six weeks with a first baby was the hardest challenge in my life. I was physically exhausted after my 9 month vomiting spree, totally lacking in sleep from the night feeds and my underneath was sore as hell. I can only describe it as though someone has given me a good and sustained kicking into the groin, or, as if I had suddenly taken up long-distance cycling, after never having ridden in years. I was getting up out of a chair like a 75 year old and having to sit on very soft cushions. Yet the NHS literature I was given was all about getting you onto contraception as soon as the baby had popped out. How on earth did couples get to work on baby number 2 so soon? Was there something wrong with me? The gentle, caring midwife would call every day for the first 2 weeks and always had a look at my underneath, but never touched me. She assured me things were fine, I was healing safely and to take things easy. At the time of my 6 week postnatal check, I was still struggling to cope both physically and mentally and was naively hoping for some help from Dr SM.

    On arrival at the surgery, with my baby in a carrier, I was called by the practice nurse and shown a small room, where I was told to wait on the couch with my underwear off. Dr SM was running late and would be along shortly. I was a bit annoyed that the examination was to take place first, when I’d got so many issues I wanted to talk about. Surely, it would have been polite and professional to have exchanged a few words first?

    After a while the door opened, and in walked Dr SM with the nurse. Ignoring me without saying a single word, she proceeded to put on some gloves. Feeling uneasy, I thought I’d draw her attention to the fact that I’d recently given birth and introduce my baby, but she just gave my baby a cursory glance, saying something about a small one like that being a good size to start with. It was only then that I caught sight of the blade of a large-sized metal speculum heading straight into my body. I was shocked. Hadn’t she read my notes? Hadn’t she guessed the state I might be in after having a baby? It all happened very quickly, so I clenched up, but, unable to get the speculum in, Dr SM simply applied brute force and drove it home, opening it straight away, which made me want to pass out. The pain was as if my torso was being split into two. I could feel all my muscles in the lower half of my body being prized apart, when they were trying heal after the birth. It was the most pain that anyone had ever inflicted on me. I kept thinking that if I cried out, people outside would hear and come rushing into the room, and more than this, I knew that screaming would distress my baby who was near me. I could only breathe and open my eyes when Dr SM had withdrawn the device, but my eyes were full of tears.

    I didn’t see what happened after that, but Dr SM must have calmly walked out of the room as if nothing had happened, because nothing more was said. She clearly couldn’t give a damn about my well-being, my baby, how I was coping, or that I now lay weeping on a couch. Dr SM was only interested in cervices, and hitting her 80% screening target. Postnatal assessments for her, were simply a golden opportunity to ram that large-sized speculum into the raw, swollen vaginas of new mothers. When I wiped my eyes the nurse was still standing there staring at me aghast. She’d seen it all. Then she asked quietly if I was alright. What must it have looked like? Without saying anything, I struggled off the couch, put my underwear on and left crying. I was deeply traumatised, in even more pain, tearful and shaken for many weeks afterwards, even though two days later, I managed to get some much needed help from an experienced health visitor.

    There is no free time in life with a new baby. The demands are relentless and I had to keep going. My strategy for moving on from this incident, was to carefully “place” this experience in a “strong compartment” in a corner of my mind that I would never go to and never open. I would seal it up and never go back there in my thoughts. Although I felt I had been painfully raped, I could find no redress in a health system, which saw women’s bodies as their property to do with as they pleased. In the eyes of the NHS, this crime is constructed as a medical procedure and no matter how painful and unacceptable, women are conditioned to believe it is “life-saving”. In calling it “life-saving”, anything less than death itself is an acceptable procedure to inflict on the patient. But for those of us not at death’s door, who are perfectly healthy, with no symptoms, why should we be forced to tolerate these misguided, fanatical exorcisms of the deluded preventive health care brigade?

    I decided that in future, I would only accept absolutely, essential medical care for myself and my family, and I would definitely make sure I would never, ever allow a smear test to ever take place on me again. Even today, if I think about it, nearly 20 years later, it can bring me to tears thinking about what was done to me at this appointment. When I asked to view my medical notes from this postnatal assessment, there were just two words in the notes: “smear taken” and a date.

    When I had my second child, I reported the pregnancy to Dr SM who said she didn’t do smears prenatally any more, only at the postnatal assessment. I made damn sure I did not attend.

    In the event, baby number 2 was a home-born whopper, giving me a 3rd degree tear, which is all the way to the anus. After a relaxed cup of tea, I was off to the hospital for a spinal block and repairs, to come home later that day.

    Motherhood the second time around was much easier. I cancelled the postnatal assessment and the subsequent smear test invitations went straight into the bin. At an appointment with my children, I remember this same nurse trying to use my children as bait to get me to agree to another smear test, suggesting that I could be leaving them to grow up as orphans if I didn’t have one. I refused in absolute terms. In 2003 I received a phone call from some unknown person asking me why I wasn’t attending smear tests. I told her. She asked me if I would like an opt-out form. Of course, I readily agreed, but I was also angry that such a simple solution was being kept from UK women. The GP had certainly never mentioned this, when I had made my feelings very clear, that I did not wish to be a part of this programme. The form arrived the next day, and I returned it immediately. I have to say, I’ve never been pestered for a smear test since, and the issue has never been raised at my very rare, infrequent GP attendances since.

    In the meantime, I sent a letter detailing this experience from years ago to Dr SM, but she never bothered to reply. I have changed to another GP at the practice, and I’ve also raised the issue of consent to smear tests at a Patient Participation Group, but got no response. I sent the same details to Healthwatch, a national body in the UK to investigate medical complaints, but I was disgusted with their response. After taking some time to reply, they told me that taking any action against the NHS cervical screening programme might put people off going.

    I do not feel my experience could have been an isolated case: it is now NHS policy not to do smear tests on pregnant women or on women less than 3 months after a birth. Although the NHS denies there is any risk in doing so, the real reason can only be, that many others have suffered as I did, or even worse. Hopefully some of their stories have got through the impenetrable wall of NHS denial, which is an in-built part of this screening programme.

    (Linda, let me know what you think- if there are other things you want me to touch on that I forgot, please don’t hesitate to mention it)

    I was asked to do a piece for this about unconventional attack (in this case, medical attack or “iatrogenic assualt”). This applies quite frequently to males as well as females, but considerably more for the latter. This is frequently in a perverse manner, yet attacks of this nature are frequently disqualified (an argument that more or less amounts to “What happens isn’t what occurs”). I’ve noticed numerous cultural habits that bolster these situations in America, but it also seems common in other areas. Specifically, there is the view that bodily autonomy, self-protectiveness, and compositional thinking (that a situation is what it consists of) are immature & defective traits.

    First off, an observation that might seem unrelated at first: Reality is NOT formed by recognition. If it were, nobody would get hit by a car they didn’t see coming or have any unexpected good things happen to them (actually, that person wouldn’t even happen- since something had to happen before they were around to recognize anything for them to come into existence). This applies frequently, since a staggering amount of arguments revolved around this idea- basically a disqualification of reality. Someone acting like they are the actuator of existence, for all purposes (never a good sign, but outright menacing in a medical setting).

    The reality is that properties don’t change by designation- just like if a doctor poisons someone with a needle, it’s still murder. This is because reality is NOT formed by recognition, as mentioned earlier. This point is frequently disregarded with numerous subjects (especially in America), but that’s particularly true with unconventional molestation. This, in itself, is especially true with regard to medical personnel & policy implementation workers (because it doesn’t have to be police officers, specifically).

    To clarify, an interface with sexual areas as a product of someone else’s decision-making is an attack. There are conventional variations & unconventional variations. Neither variety has to be all the way up to imposed penetration, but the extrapersonal comportment of situation so as to generate visual access to or physical contact with sexual areas remains a running theme. Granted, someone can be licking someone’s ear or rubbing their leg & not be touching anything typically covered by a bikini or a speedo, but the term “sexual areas” is the best description I know of.

    In medical settings, it’s not unheard of for them to take liberties in someone’s sleep (like practicing internal exams on unconscious clients- something that seems to persist to this day in Canada when they are in for certain surgeries & on seemingly anyone that comes into the hospital unconscious in Australia) or to simply do things by force despite refusal & physical struggle (fairly common in the delivery room, but also in car accidents or falls- there was actually a case in New York where a group of five held down a man & forced a rectal exam on him when he walked into the hospital for stitches on his head! This case was thrown out, by-the-way.).

    It’s even more common for there to be instances of coercion (like forcing women into getting internal exams for birth control, as well as any other medication or simply to get any kind of treatment- potentially illegal, but then again anything can be sanctioned). There’s also deception (they don’t seem to mention risks, inaccuracies, or alternatives very often). These are fairly well-described as is, but it’s worth mentioning that one frequently needs a doctor’s note to do much of anything- including going to college or getting a job. This presents plenty of opportunity for coercive behavior or any of the other tactics mentioned here.

    One specific tactic is the phrasing used in engagements with the client. The medical personnel will frequently say what they “will” be doing or what someone’s “going” to be having- presenting things as a “fixed situation” (meaning that there exists no capacity for reality to “unfurl” differently). Since what happens is what occurs & an action has to be engaged in order to occur, this is not accurate.

    Now, why would someone even try something like this? Well, because there’s frequently a presumed honesty & accuracy when dealing with other people. Not the belief that someone else can’t POSSIBLY lie or that they are DEFINITELY what they make themselves out to be, but in kind of a knee-jerk way- like when someone asks someone else what time it is & they give an answer. It’s generally not misplaced trust to believe that when that person looks at their watch & says a time, that it’s at least the time showing on that watch (it IS pretty bizarre to just lie randomly).

    This is true in other ways, as well. All of this might be termed “mental supplantation.” Someone can outright state information (like the “Jedi Mind Trick” from movies), they can say something where something else would have to be true in order for that to be the case (an “Implied Jedi Mind Trick”), and the can act in a way that matches a particular situation (kind of a “Wordless Jedi Mind Trick,” like if someone gets beaten AS IF they deserve it & maybe start feeling bad about themselves).

    This is especially true if they are seen to be trustable. Someone might very well see someone in this light simply because they are worried about a problem they have or one that might develop in the future & it’s simply act in a way that matches what they HOPE to be true. They might even ignore signs that indicate this is not the case as a counterphobic reaction (it’s something that scares them, so they pretend it’s not that way to soothe themselves).

    Sure, someone CAN be right when they think of someone else in this way, but the esteem that doctors & other medical personnel are held in is largely due to them being certified- although an expert can always lie (or be taught untrue things that they are held in the esteem of being knowledgeable of- the BODY OF INFORMATION can be inaccurate, not just deviously lied about). On top of that, the general concept of certification will not magically banish people from a position where they can cause harm. The method of certification, IF it’s at all effective, is something that only would apply at the moment of certification. They might have been a particular way when they started out, but that isn’t the way they are when they are dealing with a client years down the road.

    Included in this broad tactic is to “gaslight” people (to discredit them to themselves- actually a psychological term, if I’m not mistaken). This is very simple: when someone refuses a procedure being done to them, they react as though it is something of low quality. This can include facial expressions & other bodily language as well as verbal expressions (anger, disgust, derisive/mocking humor, implying immaturity, etc…). Asking “Why?” when someone picks a course of action, particularly refusing a procedure or electing to leave the setting. This is to try to discredit their reasoning, if they can even find the words for it. The goal is to “kick the chair out from under someone” in the sense of their actions.

    Simple comportment is another one. They just tell someone “do this” or “do that.” It kind of becomes a subtle tactic BECAUSE it’s not a subtle tactic at all- and, thus, is unexpected. Not too much more to that one, but it’s worth mentioning that sometimes people try to “attach riders” to things. A possibility could be that someone goes to the ER & whichever worker they’re dealing with tries to do a pelvic exam on them (I specifically remember a post from a guy that supposedly did this on the doctor’s “orders” to the female patients that came into the ER- he made specific reference to their reaction, “imagine their faces when they heard that” or something to that effect).

    Similar to this all is to try convincing someone that they are doing something dangerous. These “scare tactics” are seemingly more commonly directed toward women than men. Guilt applies in the same way & sometimes alongside the scare tactics (ex: there was some poster in the UK where it showed a sad-looking child & a caption that read “My mommy missed her smear & now I miss my mommy”)

    Underlying all this is the general belief that these people basically make their own decisions at work. So someone isn’t going by a “My Body, My Rules” mentality, they’re going by a “Don’t Push Them Around” mentality. This is, of course, counterproductive to self-defense. It’s not frequently mentioned as a self-defense concern, but the behavior of medical or legal personnel is a major concern. A possible scenario:

    If someone, for instance, is mugged & is then the responding medical personnel start saying “We have to take you to the hospital” (even against the direction of the individual- no reason for this person to presume safety in the vehicle, much less anywhere these people take them). Then, while at the hospital, they think (or just say that they think) that this person was raped- possibly in contrast to what this person has indicated. Then, they take it upon themselves to do a rape kit on this person that’s been captured on their behalf- possibly in contrast to their refusal & physical fighting. If they are successful, this person (that they are theoretically supposed to help) is grievously harmed by them- in the same overall way that they purportedly thought someone else did. Then, this person goes to the police over this (possibly in handcuffs for repelling the assault directed at them). It’s entirely possible that the police response includes similar dynamics (especially in America, because here “just sorting things out” frequently includes a degree of imposed nudity- sometimes penetration, as well). Afterwards, the person wronged might very well be brushed-off or simply locked-up.

    [This is plenty of reason to not give other people a chance to add their own influence to a situation like that- their choices might be hostile.]

    Psychologically, sure- money can be involved. There’s potential for “service incentive payments” for doing certain procedures on people (bonuses for making target quotas). There’s repeat costs from test after test, surgery after surgery, follow-up after follow-up (especially since it’s not impossible for them to screw something up on purpose or just say that there’s a problem- all things that could be deemed mistakes, instead of hostilities or incompetence). Apparently, funding for whatever department can be garnered by lies- but not based on it directly.

    In truth, there are also simply people that have “compasses that point backward.” They are affirmative of something where someone would say “Aww, that’s such a shame.” Being too arrogant to catch their own mistakes is possible, but so are deliberate acts of hostility. These would not necessarily be done in an overt manner, hence the “unconventional attack.” These actions would also, likely, be done without the cliche facial expressions, devious laughter, etc… . They would also not likely be admitted to.

    Included in all this is that “reality is what I say it is” behavior mentioned at the beginning. This could be in the sense of simply taking out their “mommy issues” on someone else, hostility for women that are younger/prettier/etc… than they are, or simply thinking that something isn’t harm until they arrive at that particular conclusion. Allopathic medicine itself seems to mostly based on the idea of attacking the body in a way that generates a benefit.

    Historically, the allopaths were the ones people didn’t trust because (quite literally) one could die of the cure. They would bleed people (a common means of outright killing someone), give them massive doses of toxic chemicals (including mercury- part of why Ivan the Terrible behaved the way he did, since he was given mercury for his back pain & mercury causes pretty severe mental problems), and do surgery (Dances with Wolves & The Patriot both have scenes that depict this sort of thing). This not only smacks of “thought by adjudication,” but also having an “anti-life” quality to it. This is, of course, theory & possibility- but these theories & possibilities frequently go unmentioned.

    Something that is not theory is the Boyd’s Cycle (or OODA Loop- which stands for “Observe Orient Decide Act”). This is a cognitive process that basically amounts to the idea that you have to size things up in order to do something deliberately. One has to assume that the coercion, deception, scare tactics, language games, and physical force are DELIBERATE. It’s not an accident that they wait until someone’s asleep to do something that they might refuse. It’s not an accident that they back someone into corners with birth control. If they go & catheterize someone because they don’t like that person (something that at least can lead to death by bladder infection), this is not a mistake.

    It DOES frequently seem to be done with complete mindlessness by the various underlings that follow the commands of doctors & nurses, despite the client refusing these things (something that they realize applies to them as the doctor’s proxy as much as it does to the doctor themselves). So if they are told to give the client something that would kill them, there’s a good chance they’ll do it (I remember there being studies to confirm this, but I believe it might be different in different countries). If they are told to do something to this client, they’ll potentially go about this action.

  6. Please just call me Angela and let me remain anonymous. I, factually or not, am scared of retaliation.

    These are the put together stories of my health care experiences. These are my traumas.

    When I was 10 years old I had to go to the emergency room and I was forced against my will to have a rectal exam in front of an entire group of medical students while my biological father sat by and read a magazine.
    When I was 12 my mother took me to a doctor to have a breast exam done (that she insisted on staring at the entire time) because she thought that I needed to be inspected since I had begun puberty.
    After that I refused to see a doctor again for almost 20 years until I got pregnant.
    I did my research and knew from the outset that I would not submit myself of my baby to “traditional” medicine, but the brief exposures I have had have been enough for me.
    During my pregnancy I began to have some discomfort and pain issues that eventually got so bad that I sought medical care. My husband had surgery scheduled at the VA and I was worried that without treatment that I would not be able to adequately care for him while he recovered. I made an appointment at North Shore to see a midwife (K). When making the appointment I was very specific about my symptoms and what I suspected the problem to be, as well as the fact that an exam would be very difficult for me due to my upbringing (very traditional views on bodily privacy) and religious beliefs. I was told several times that I would be helped at the appointment and that my problem would be taken care of so that I could care for my husband and enjoy the rest of my pregnancy.
    When my husband and I arrived for my appointment I again told the staff that I needed this problem fixed so that it wouldn’t interfere with my life and my ability to care for my husband post op. Before agreeing to disrobe for an exam I again stated that an exam would feel very personally invasive to me, therefore I would only consent on condition of my problem being eliminated, as I knew from some research that was entirely possible to do in a simple office visit. I was assured that I would not be turned away without getting help.
    K entered the room and said a quick hello before stating that she would be “starting the exam now.” During the exam she remarked “Yeah, that’s pretty bad” in reference to my problem. Immediately after K finished the exam I asked her how she was going to help me. Her rather flippant response was “Oh you’ll get a lot worse before you’re done being pregnant.” I was obviously astonished at her lack of empathy, so I only managed to say “You’re not going to do anything to help me?”. K said “No one will do anything while you’re pregnant.” which is not factually supported nor is it evidence based or even in line with the standard of care. After a brief pause she added “That’s what you get when you get pregnant. You need to learn to deal with it. I’ll give you a prescription for a cream.” I wasn’t able to form a response, I was feeling very much lied to and taken advantage of. K got impatient, as was reflected in her tone, and said “Well do you want it or not?” in reference to the prescription. I just said yes and then started crying. K did not even bat an eye or attempt to console me in any way, she merely wrote out the script (for an OTC ointment) and instructed me on how to apply it. She said “You insert it in your bottom.” Upon seeing my stunned and disgusted face, she continued “You need to stick it up inside of you.” After getting home I read the package instructions, and it specifically said not to use internally. I left the room in tears.
    I tried calling, e-mailing, and finally posting on Facebook, asking to speak with someone to address the issues I had with K’s care and conduct and no one from the facility has responded to me.
    Time has not helped me feel any differently about this experience, and reflection has in fact made me feel that much worse about how I was and was not treated. I still remember, with clarity and detail etched into my memory, every minute of the time I spent in the clinic that day. My husband has several memories of his time spent stationed in Iraq that he also recalls with unwavering detail. Traumatic memories. The belittling and dismissing of my pain, embarrassment, and concerns caused me trauma. Being intimately examined without being helped caused me trauma. Being denied treatment caused me trauma. Having to live with this issue, having it cast a pall over the remainder of my pregnancy and beyond has caused me trauma. Being treated as nothing more than a flesh incubator has caused me trauma. My health, physically and emotionally, did not matter and it caused me extreme trauma. And despite my best efforts I cannot release that trauma. My husband is pursuing surgical sterilization so as to prevent another pregnancy. The existing trauma, my health problems from my pregnancy that were left untreated, and how I am treated (or rather lack thereof) while pregnant (and even currently) have forced us to give up on our dream of more children. I simply cannot endure anymore and still be a good mother and wife.
    This is my body and my life and no one has a right to tell me that my discomfort in and disgust with my own body is unimportant and that I should just live with it. It is enormously insulting, denigrating and patronizing for someone in a position of authority to belittle, ignore and then dismiss the discomfort and concerns of a human being who came to them for help. I finally took matters into my own hands and fixed my problem myself since no one thought I was worth it.
    I have gotten to the point that I now will no longer trust medical professionals to treat me outside of a genuine emergency, as I have been blatantly lied to so many times now.
    After I had my son (at a planned homebirth with my CNM that was PAINFUL but wonderful) I decided that I could try again to get some help for some medical problems that were present. We made our son’s first doctor appointment so he could get his two month shots. At it W made several errors in my son’s health history, and in the fact another nurse had to go back 3 days later and amend my son’s medical records to correct all the errors. During the appointment W had an issue with the fact that my son was a planned home birth with a Certified Nurse Midwife who possesses over 20 years of experience in hospital OB and as a CNM for homebirth for religious and evidence based reasons, which I emphasized to W. W’s tone became very brisk and condescending when the homebirth was brought up, and previously she had been cordial. According to W, that constitutes “no prenatal care”. She visibly rolled her eyes when informed that my son was circumcised, and that it was done by a religious circumciser (as required by our faith) who has 20+ years of experience and is licensed to perform the medical procedure.
    Immediately after the appointment my husband and I decided that we thought it best to switch our son’s care provider (due to W being very judgmental) and requested this at the front desk while they were running the insurance information.
    A month later I made an appointment at the same facility because I was having lingering pain/complication as a result of my pregnancy. I did not know that the appointment was with W until I arrived for it, I had only stated when making the appointment that my care provider needed to be female since my problem is in a private area of my body and my religion requires same gender care for such matters. At this appointment she did not properly take my health history, again said that I had “no prenatal care” (the exact words she put in my medical record) despite me again informing her about my midwife care and the monitoring the CNM did of my pregnancy. I also told her that the scope of my care with my midwife was the same as would have been allowed by my religion regardless of care provider, and therefore would have precluded the same religiously forbidden procedures with an OB as well. So apparently her definition of care is not dependent on the level of care, amount and/or type of monitoring, or even the procedures themselves. W’s definition seems purely based only on the title of the care provider and not the care itself. By that standard I would argue that I received no care because W is only a NP and not an MD.
    After W finished mangling my health history and trying to brow beat me for not submitting to a medicalized pregnancy and birth, she moved on to trying to bully me into getting a Pap smear. Five times.
    She said “Let’s also get a Pap smear.”
    I said no thanks.
    She said “You need a Pap smear.”
    I said “Not interested since I’m here about my” lingering pregnancy problem.
    Witcher “You have to have a Pap smear.”
    Me “I will not consent to a Pap smear.”
    Witcher “Do you know what it’s for?” in a very condescending tone.
    Me “Yes I do. But-“. She interrupted me.
    Witcher “Well then what’s it for?” in the same patronizing tone as before.
    Me “It is an outdated, highly unreliable, invasive procedure to, ostensibly, test for cervical cancer that is no longer recommended, and in evidence based practice has been replaced with the HPV test.”
    It was obvious to me that W was obsessed with forcing me to have a Pap smear, so without bothering to whisper, I told my husband “This has gone beyond stupid. Let’s leave and ask for someone else.” W then said “Well we can come back to the Pap smear later, but you still need to have a Pap smear.” I did not tell W this due to her attitude, but I have zero risk for cervical cancer; I was a virgin until my wedding night and my husband tested negative.
    This whole exchange with her was an attempt to coerce my consent to a separate procedure by withholding care that I was there for, unless I would submit to an unneeded procedure. The only reason she finally provided me care was that I was going to ask for another NP to see me, and thus would have explained the reason for the switch, and most likely she would have been chastised had I said anything.
    W finally proceeded to examine me and declared that I needed a referral to a surgeon because I needed medical correction of my problem. I reminded her that I needed to see a female because of my religion, and W left. After a time a different woman came in to give the referral. This woman handed me a referral for a male surgeon. I let her know that I needed a different referral to a female surgeon due to a religious requirement for same gender care. This woman’s response was to roll her eyes in an exaggerated fashion, snap her gum, and say “That’s too bad.” and then walk out of the room!
    My husband and I immediately spoke with a supervisor and explained what happened, and the next day was finally given a referral to a female surgeon. When speaking with the supervisor I told her that I was not comfortable with W and did not want her involved in any way with mine or my son’s healthcare. My husband also called and informed the clinic of our decision in regard to W when making our son’s 4 month appointment.
    During the weighing I saw W talking with another employee at a counter area near the scale. W turned her head and saw us and ceased her conversation and just stared to me and my son until we were led back down the hall to the exam room. The rest of the appointment passed without incident.
    A few days later W decided that I had Post-Partum Depression (PPD). I was not pleased with the course of the appointment at the surgeon’s office and I loudly let them know that I would be reporting what had happened to the insurance company as fraud. The surgeon’s office called to inform W, and she, in what seems to be blatant retaliation, called the police to come to my house. The Officers were surprised to have been bothered and couldn’t understand why W thought a wellbeing check for PPD was necessary. One of the Officers said something to the effect of “we’ll let her know”. I didn’t catch all of it honestly, but it sounded like they were going to tell W that there was no cause for concern. It is for this reason that I believe that, when the police told W that they saw no cause to take action, she chose to call Child Services in another act of retaliation.
    A week later when I got the police report of this incident there were numerous false statements she made, knowingly or not. It is obvious that W did not review my medical history before alleging PPD (which she is in no way qualified to diagnose, being a NP and not a Psychologist). My medical file makes it clear that I am married and live with my husband and our son; W says in the police report that “it is unknown if the boyfriend resides here with her.” She also makes the false claim that the surgeon said I tried to harm myself, and that I left the surgeon “sobbing”. I find it concerning that her hearsay was given any weight whatsoever. If my conduct was so concerning, why didn’t the surgeon or her staff call the police and CPS instead of wasting precious time on contacting W? The surgeon’s office has all of my contact information, and I was told by the clinic previously that it was noted in mine and my son’s files that W was not to have any contact with us. There is not a compelling medical reason for W to have made the complaints she did against me.
    The CPS complaint was summarily dismissed as unfounded. The CPS agent who came to my house told me that it was the clinic that had made the complaint, and that the person who complained had volunteered, unprompted by CPS, my personal medical information and it did NOT pertain to any alleged PPD ‘diagnosis’. In the final CPS report the report source again states the lie that I had no prenatal care, that I tried to self-harm (and the dates changed here vs the police report.), and the report says the report source “stated that *my name* reported to law enforcement that she was upset about the news the surgeon gave her, but she was not suicidal”, and that the report source “that they called law enforcement today for a welfare check.” It is obvious that the report source was W.
    I made a HSS complaint, one to the Department of Professional Licensing, Health Department, and several others I honestly con’t remember. Not a one was willing to do jack shit.
    When I called the surgeon, Dr. H’s office staff blatantly lied to me and misrepresented the scope and nature of what my appointment would entail when I called to make the appointment. I was specifically told after explaining my medical problem in detail that “There are multiple treatment options and something will definitely do done at this appointment”, and “You will receive some type of treatment at this appointment”. There is no ambiguity in those statements. The staff repeatedly assured me that I would receive treatment at that appointment and I was subsequently denied treatment at the appointment. This is blatant insurance fraud and was reported to Anthem BCBS. I feel that the staff and Dr. H made and conducted my appointment in bad faith as nothing more than a means to increase their bank account balances.
    As soon as we were shown to an exam, room the nurse immediately set out the tools I would (in the next 5 minutes) realize were for a rectal examination. At the time I did not realize it (I simply chalked it up to a miscommunication), but in retrospect it was obvious that Dr. H had planned to give me a rectal examination (whether or not I actually required one) before reading my chart and talking to me about my symptoms.
    During my appointment with Dr. H it rapidly became apparent that she was focused on diagnosing me with internal hemorrhoids despite the fact that, as I repeatedly told her, I did not have any of the symptoms she described to me. She could not or would not provide me with a reason why she still assumed I had internal hemorrhoids when I had none of the symptoms that she had previously insisted would be occurring if I had internal hemorrhoids. H would not let me redirect the conversation to my true problem, she instead kept badgering me about having a rectal examination so she could treat me for internal hemorrhoids.
    Throughout the appointment Dr. H kept pressuring me to submit to the invasive internal examination for the fictitious internal hemorrhoids even as I repeatedly told her that I did not feel that the exam was appropriate given that I had none of the symptoms to justify her reason for wanting to do the exam, and that it was not the reason I had made the appointment. I explained twice that this was why I was refusing. To say that my statements to Dr. H fell on deaf ears is an enormous understatement.
    After I refused the rectal examination for the third time Dr. H stated that she was not willing to provide me any treatment for my real problem, since I would not submit to the examination she wished to perform on me for the fabricated internal hemorrhoids. She then left the room. This immediately struck both myself and my husband (who was present for the entire appointment) as a blatant attempt to coerce me to consent to the unneeded internal rectal examination.
    At that time my husband and I decided to leave since it was obvious that my concerns and needs were being ignored and that I was being refused medical care. On our way out I informed the staff (in front of other patients) that I would be “reporting this as insurance fraud” since I was promised treatment and was denied it. Because of this I believe that the embarrassing falsehood of a hemorrhoid diagnosis H initially put in my medical record was done deliberately in an act of retaliation for my complaint. It was only after informing her that I would report her to the State Health Dept. that she finally removed the fabricated diagnosis from my medical record.
    I also take extreme offense to Dr. H stating that she did not consider treating my problem to “be worth it” due to the physical recovery involved, regardless of whether she said it to add to the coercion or if she genuinely believed it. As I told her, that should be my choice since this is my body and I am an adult who is mentally capable of making my own informed decisions regarding what I decide is “worth it” in order to be happy and healthy. This is my body and my life and no one has a right to tell me that my discomfort in and disgust with my own body is unimportant and that I should just live with it.
    EW and S of Indiana CPS have discriminated against my family and threatened us because of our religious beliefs. When W came to our home, because of an obviously false and retaliatory report made by W, she constantly said that our religion was ignorant and dangerous and the equivalent of medical neglect, even though that is factually not the case and it was pointed out to her. She threatened us with kidnapping our son because I equated her words and actions to the Gestapo, so therefore I must have PPD instead of her just being a horrible prejudiced and ignorant uneducated person. She would never answer me as to what my religious beliefs had to do with anything, yet she constantly equated my religiously required actions as foolish and dangerous. She kept referring to us as “Jews” even after I told her that the way she was using the term was pejorative. When my husband and I called EW’s supervisor S, she told us that she had no problem with how her subordinate acted, she said “Whatever” when told about EW’s bigoted comments, and she then warned us that if we continued to make complaints that it would lead her to reopen the complaint against us and “probably remove the child”. In the final report, made after our complaints, EW only spends 5 sentences out of an entire page addressing the actual allegations of neglect and spends the rest of the report calling me paranoid for questioning why all this has happened and for believing my family is being discriminated against, and in a rather obvious attempt to embarrass and humiliate me into silence, she repeats at every opportunity that I have hemorrhoids. My medical records from the day before can confirm that that is untrue, and I told EW at the time that this was not the case. S later came into the Social Security building where my husband works and threatened him and several other staff, but fortunately the area director of SS does not let federal employees be bullied. He contacted DCS and, the last Social Security heard, S is going to either take a severe demotion or find herself out of a job. Of course all of the complaints I made about EW and S were just swept under the rug and ignored by all the agencies I tried, including the Anti Defamation League! The only saving grace is that my husband is a federal employee, and after S’s documented escapades in a federal building, she is tagged for life in the system. As an additional result, and acts by EW or CPS itself against my son will be viewed until proven otherwise as retaliatory and legally actionable in the eyes of the Federal government, who would supply us with legal representation. But all of that still doesn’t stop me from keeping my grandpa’s gun right where I can get at it. Just in case. Because, a year later, I am still that scared.

    • That’s foul! It doesn’t matter what your reasons for turning things down is. They try to “gaslight” people when they refuse a procedure by asking “Why?” and then trying to discredit the answer. It’s trying to get the decision passed off to them. Some insights in what I consider to be passable “legalese”:

      Also, to threaten to generate a forcible asportation of a minor is a huge issue. It’s added to with the implied threat of lethal force (since cops can plausibly kill people, both with & without weapons). Whether they, themselves, come with supporters and/or guns to facilitate this action or their proxies do- the action would still be launched in that way.

      Their omitting their own actions as a factor shows a break with reality & the possibility of delusional narcissism. This is a serious situation that could very well impact the community they are present in or any individual that comes to them looking for help. If they are prone to rendering false presentations of reality in a situation that can generate grievous implications for minors as well as adults, they are obviously unfit for service as well.

      One has to question the efficacy of the supervisory staff overall, due to their unwillingness to terminate this person’s employment with them. Of course, if they are of the same general alignment, this is to be expected & now the threat is amplified as well as safeguarded.

    • Just to add (in case it wasn’t obvious), your religion doesn’t have to be a factor in this. Them thinking “Well, I’ll refrain from inserting something into this person if I think their reasons are good enough,” whether or not this is in a verbally or mentally articulated way, is a problem- since it shows that they feel themselves to be the actuator of other people’s decisions (with what does or does not go into those people’s own bodies). This is a MAJOR threat to the safety of these people that are served by them.

      To be clear, I figure that when they act this way, they are not totally entitled to make decisions with what they do with THEIR own bodies. Or with what is done TO them, for that matter. Referencing personal freedom as a justification for overriding someone’s refusal to be sexually assaulted iatrogenically or otherwise attacked medically is negated by that person’s personal freedom to vitiate the agency of the assailant or assailants.

      • Hi Angela. I feel traumatized just reading your story. You have been treated so badly by doctors and nurses. I was only commenting to my husband last night that people really need to set up a new healthcare systems outside of present systems which simply do not care for us or our feelings one bit. In England the NHS harms more people than it helps and everyone knows it. However,there is nothing we can do except study herbal healing and the like.
        I felt your pain as i read your words. We would be honoured to include it in our book. If you don’t mind i would like to refer to this witcher woman as ‘the witch’ it will add drama. I also want to edit one or two other of your words to add to it as well.
        Also if you dont mind could you clarify what NP and other abbrevs stand for. I need to put what they stand for. The book will be available in every country and tho we share a common experience of pain unfortunately the language or meanings dont come across
        My best wishes for you as you begin your healing. This forum is great.

    • Hi Angela. I have spent a good hour or so re reading your account.
      I find it disgusting that you have been targeted by these people because of your religion. It is deffinitely anti semitism. I would report them to your rabbi at once.
      To circumsise your boy is a rite of passage within your community and should be respected. We don’t all agree with it but he is your child you know what’s best To call in CPS for this is way over the top. I suggest you find midwives and doctors from now on who share your own religious and cultural ideals.

      However your story is great for the book as it shows these pap smearing fanatics for the the ignorant creatures they are. They know that there are lots of people who are unlikely to get cervical cancer. i was brought up a strict methodist and both me and my husband were virgins when we married. Yet I was not told there was a choice. Its like they overide religious, cultural, personal sensibilites just so they can count us as ‘done.’

      I have edited your story a little bit as I can see it was written in anger. I have removed the bit about you keeoing a gun under your bed. I have also changed some things around to make it flow a bit better. You will be pleased with it

      Please continue to post and be apart of our forum. x

      • Where did she mention getting her boy circumcised? Personally, I figure that it should be the male’s decision when he’s an adult, since this doesn’t grow back & it’s a concept he may not agree with.

        As I understand it, it’s a “covenant cut” (like when people swore oaths in blood- I’m presuming that it’s because this is seen as where the life force comes from & it being “from the heart”). The idea of doing this on the particular part of the body is that the arrangement of this covenant with God would be inherited, because it’s on a part of the body that is involved in reproduction.

        Any number of points can be made, none of which involve bullying women into probing or surgery:
        (1) The person is involved in reproduction, so a covenant cut could be anywhere on the body.
        (2) The covenant cut could be anywhere on the area used/associated with reproduction.
        (3) If this ritual is seen to transfer a particular situation through heredity, then wouldn’t it have BEEN inherited through this person’s ancestors?
        (4) The person may believe that God simply doesn’t care about it. If someone is circumcised & doesn’t practice the religion or just acts like a maniac, maybe they figure that God would come down on them regardless of any cuts made in life.
        (5) These cuts being made by others at their own discretion may be seen to negate any contractual qualities, since it was simply an action directed AT this person- not by them. Thus, THEY never made any arrangements with God.

        Not trying to be anti-Jewish, but I figure someone should be able to make their own decisions about these things as much as with tattoos. I can safely say that a guy might take GREAT offense to customizations being made on them without being propelled by them. Another thing is that it’s safer when there is a larger area- since a very small slip can cut totally through a very small thing.

      • Before I forget, there are two instances in my post where I forgot to remove my son’s name! Please edit it out (both here and in the book)! one is shortly after I say I had a home birth, the other is just before I say that W decided that I had PPD. Can you please change it from his name to read as “my son”? I have posted some bits and pieces on my fb page but I don’t want anyone connecting things and finding all of this out. Anonymous self therapy is a whole different animal than having my grandmother find out about things I found so personally degrading and violating.

        Thanks to everyone for reading. It makes me feel much better that I went ahead and put everything out there. It lifted some of the weight off.

        Something else occurred to me, any time I was not oozing happiness and total self sacrifice out of every cell of my body I was accused of having PPD. Apparently a woman has no right to have any less than positive emotions once she gets pregnant and has a new baby. Apparently I have no right at all to find a portion of my experiences as anything other than a graciously pleasant gift. I guess that’s one way to punish us all for not submitting like good little girls, you even get the added benefit of hiding behind the good old straw man of The Good of the Children.

    • Hi Anon. You are more than welcome to put your account here. All women’s stories at the hands of bad doctos are important. I am aiming for 20th Dec but we can do whatever we want. Either type it in here, or seperately in a word processing doc and then upload it.
      If you have not posted here before please stay and find healing on this wonderful forum. You can comment on anything and join in with our lively ongoing chats about unwanted smear tests. I look forward to reading your account. Think of it as a step in your healing process.

    • Hi Alex, it is in the part where she sees Witcher after her baby is two months old. I don’t agree with the practice either but some do. Here in England most if us who are normal believe in leaving people, especially children, alone. I’m totally against people being the ‘authors of other peoples decisions’

    • Hi Angela. I have just taken your sons name out. All ok. My friend teaches a course where people who have been abused write about their experiences as a story. I keep trying to get her to put them in a book and upload it. Not everyone is on board with the technology we have now to get our accounts out. There is nothing on the internet like it. You are very brave. X

  7. Chrissy’s Story

    My introduction to the perverse world of gynaecological exams was at the age of 17. Newly pregnant, I lay naked on the examination table, except for a thin paper sheet that covered my torso. A man in a white coat loomed above me, I felt anxious and vulnerable. I looked across at the attending nurse, a matronly woman in her late fifties, she looked back at me with no emotion, not a flicker. The doctor instructed me to open my legs, at which point I froze. The emotions I felt at that moment I still remember four decades later, a sickening mixture of horror and fear. I wanted to get up and run away. He could see I was not going to comply, so he put his hands on my knees and forced them apart. Horrified as he pushed his fingers into my vagina, I clamped my legs shut on his arm and again he pushed my legs apart to continue the exam. When he finished, he moved the paper sheet down and began feeling my breasts, “checking for lumps” he said mechanically. My cheeks flushed red and stayed red for hours afterwards, a physiological result of extreme anxiety. I left the hospital in disbelief, shocked and disturbed at what had just happened.

    In my experience, the 1970s and 1980s were not good decades for being pregnant or giving birth. The majority of births were in hospital and highly monitored and controlled, which they called ‘Active Management of Labour’, the experience of childbirth was cold and clinical. Episiotomy was the norm for most women in the 70s and they didn’t ask for consent to do one. Any attempt at resistance of this regime was met with cold unbridled hostility, and the implication that if you did not do as you were told your baby could die. So I complied. It was clear that I was just a piece of meat on a conveyor belt, absorbed into a dehumanising system with no dignity and precious little kindness. I was just a uterus, a perineum and a birth canal. How many doctors, every one male, had been in my vagina? I lost count. I felt defiled, contaminated and dirty. I could not find anyone who was sympathetic to my distress, just the confirmation that this is what happens to women and that I needed to shut up and get over it. But, I couldn’t ‘get over it’, so… my coping strategy was to bury and suppress the memories. I have found to my cost that suppressing memories can lead to long term psychological problems.

    But that’s not the end of the medical profession’s interest in my genitalia. The ‘invitations’ for cervical screening that came through my letter box every few years confirmed that. But this time apparently it was OK as the friendly neighbourhood nurse would be performing the test and not a male doctor. But it wasn’t OK, no… not OK at all. I found it violating, horribly disgustingly violating. Every time the ‘invitation’ came, it would take me between 6 and 9 months to pluck up the courage to go. And I went because I believed that if I didn’t I could die of cervical cancer and leave my children motherless.

    Fast forward to my mid fifties. It was nearly five years since my last test and I knew the next ‘invitation’ would arrive soon. The very thought of it made me feel physically sick and I knew for sure that I couldn’t face it again, so I went online to research how much of a risk I would be taking if I didn’t go.
    The realisation that the risk was very small and that cervical cancer was rare at first came as a sense of relief accompanied by a growing sense of anger. Exactly why had I put myself through this every time I was summoned? It was because I believed the ‘spin’ that cervical cancer was common. I also believed that all abnormal cells would inevitably turn into full blown cancer. I now know that most abnormal cells revert back to normal and that only a small percentage continue on to become cancer.

    I began reading of women’s experiences with cervical screening and there seemed to be a consistent pattern of manipulation using misinformation, coercion, scare tactics and withholding of medicine/treatment in the attempt to ‘encourage’ women to submit. This manipulation is not only used by the medical profession, it is also used by women who have bought into the screening system lock, stock and barrel and who believe it is acceptable to instruct, chide, cajole, frighten and insult reluctant women into having the test.

    Bearing in mind that cancer screening is elective, that cancer screening has risks as well as benefits and that cervical screening in particular is a very invasive procedure, adding manipulation and coercion into the mix is highly questionable. The medical profession has concluded that the benefits outweigh the risks, so if women are not accorded individual informed consent it means they are taking risks on our behalf.

    We have a ‘one size fits all’ screening programme, with no attempt to initially test for HPV. Instead it is straight to the pap test regardless of the level of risk for each individual.

    Those who choose not to screen are labelled as ‘avoiders’ or ‘non compliant’, needing to be ‘captured’ with financial incentives for doctors to test large numbers of women.

    Any information we are fed is often biased and economical with the truth, such as quoting third world countries level of cc in comparison to first world countries. Fudged and manipulated statistics, leading on to scare tactics, “if you do not screen, you will die a horrible death”

    Add to this other women’s brainwashed comments resulting from years of misinformation and deception. They “know of lots of women” who have had treatment for “abnormal” tests, so conclude that there must be an “epidemic” of cervical cancer. They are unaware of the amount of false positives. If you are unfortunate enough to develop cc “it’s your own fault because you didn’t have the test”. They say the test doesn’t hurt (them) and “better 2 minutes of the test than getting cancer”. “If you’re mature enough to have sex, you’re mature enough to have the test”. “Suck it up”. “Grow up” etc. Bullying, hectoring, insulting and lecturing, as they believe that they know what is best for other women. And then we have celebrity endorsement of the test or some unfortunate celebrity dying of cc. A pap test rap song video with puppets extolling the test. A campaign with women running around with their knickers on show telling other women that this is more embarrassing than a pap test. All designed to ‘encourage’ women to have the test, whilst at the same time being completely devoid of any factual information.

    An emotional blackmail campaign with a poster of a crying child and the caption “My mum missed her smear test, now I miss my mum”.

    Medical Coercion with doctors withholding hormonal contraception, medication or treatment for unrelated issues unless you agree to a test.

    Patronising comments. “Irresponsible, silly girl, doctors know best/better than you”. “No need to be embarrassed” the doctor/nurse has “seen it all”. The doctor/nurse has seen ‘thousands’. Yours is “nothing special”, the exam is “not sexual”. “It’s part of being a woman”. “Get used to it”. “Get over it” “All women have this”. “It doesn’t hurt”.

    Minimising the effects of treatments, which are considered by the medical profession to be minor. Morbidity due to treatment is minimised. Psycho/Sexual disfunction given little credence. No recognition of psychological implications, feelings of violation dismissed as unimportant.

    All this for an unreliable test never subjected to Randomised Controlled Trials. A test that does not conform to the requirements of a national screening programme, and because it is still acceptable in the 21st Century to patronise an adult woman and tell her what to do with her own body.

    • Hi Chrissy. What this project has revealed is we’re all carrying horrible trauma with us. I’m so sorry. I always read everyones comments about things and I know were all angry but this is the first time the whole horrific treatment of us is really hitting home.
      Your accou t is perfect for the book and it will not need any editing at all. I think your story will really resonate with our readers. Lets hope it saves another woman from all of this. X

  8. Hi Linda, thanks
    Yes, so many women carry the trauma with them all their lives. I have read many, many stories of women’s experiences that have both shocked and saddened me. We deserve to be treated with respect regarding not just our bodily autonomy, but also our psychological health which are intrinsically linked. I continue to be gratified to find like-minded women such as yourself, and hopefully we can effect change in the disrespectful attitudes of the medical profession for the benefit of future generations of women. I live in hope.

  9. Hello Everybody

    Today I got to know something interesting but appalling. A friend of mine came to the UK last year. He friend had come to the UK 7 years before her. The first one is 35 years old, the latter 52. The 35-year-ole woman was getting ”invitations” for the pap smear, the 52-year old was getting ”invitations” for mammography. They both didn’t respond, after which they were being sent reminders. But they didn’t respond to the reminders, either. Shortly after that they both received a warning saying that if they don’t undergo the examinations, they will be charged with 1000 pounds to pay as a fine! The two women said to me they had no choice but go the exams. They did it. But I so strongly believe that they were intimidated by the NHS ! I told them they had been treated like idiots, most probably because they are not British and don’t know the rights in Britain. I’m so indignant at what happened to them and at their response! The blind, stupid response, like sheep! They should have sued the clinic which sent them the intimidating bullshit! Have you ever come across anything like that? Please, reply to my comment. I can’t wait for your replies and opinions. Cheers.

  10. Hello Everybody

    Today I got to know something interesting but appalling. A friend of mine came to the UK last year. Her friend had come to the UK 7 years before her. The first one is 35 years old, the latter 52. The 35-year-old woman was getting ”invitations” for the pap smear, the 52-year old was getting ”invitations” for mammography. They both didn’t respond, after which they were being sent reminders. But they didn’t respond to the reminders, either. Shortly after that they both received a warning saying that if they don’t undergo the examinations, they will be charged with 1000 pounds to pay as a fine! The two women said to me they had no choice but go for the exams. They did it. But I so strongly believe that they were intimidated by the NHS ! I told them they had been treated like idiots, most probably because they are not British and don’t know the rights in Britain. I’m so indignant at what happened to them and at their response! The blind, stupid response, like sheep! They should have sued the clinic which sent them the intimidating bullshit! Have you ever come across anything like that? Please, reply to my comment. I can’t wait for your replies and opinions. Cheers.

    • Not to blame the victim, but they should have continued to not go. Those people might not have carried out their threat, for one thing. If they had, this would draw a great deal of attention to the situation. Suppose they didn’t pay the fine? What then? The cops come to attack them? Fight back. What’s the argument going to be? The poor cop wanted to win & they did something to get in the way of that?

      Those women might very well have been fined anyway. If someone’s going to drop a hammer on you that you don’t have coming, they’d probably do it for nothing anyway.

    • That stupidity is DEFINITELY something I’ve come across in a number of things. I think some people get a high from things that stun or stall the brain- like being addicted to tranquilizers. I’ve noticed these things as the most common instances:

      (1) Jumping to the easiest cliche (actually, there’s a term called “thought-terminating cliches”- like the idea of “someone in a tin foil hat” or “I had a few drinks, but I wasn’t drunk”- no more thought needed, theoretically).
      (2) Contradictions (“eyes wide shut” & “so good it’s scary”- like in song titles & other things).
      (3) Things that don’t make sense (including arguments with a lot of thing wrong with them- does the same thing on a larger scale or just makes there be a feeling of futility).
      (4) Blindly trusting certification.
      (5) Blindly following orders.
      (6) Title-based thinking (not necessarily trusting certification, but thinking of things in terms of title & not what dynamics are taking place- only seeing someone as a “mother” & not what they’re acting like, for example).
      (7) Material-based thinking (same general concept, but not necessarily needing any title- thinking someone will be trustable simply because they have the same skin tone, for example).

      • Thank you, Alex, for your reply. I agree with you. You know, I am sure the clinic stuff just broke the law. What they did was undoubtedly against the law. Such cases must land in the police reports. If I were one of the two women, I would report the incident to the police, honestly. I would definitely write a serious complaint to the clinic, or even go to the lawyer. Look, how the medical personnel treat immigrants. They must believe the immigrants are easy to intimidate morons.

      • Jola: Just to come right out & say it- are these non-muslims? It seems that THOSE immigrants are generally given preferential treatment in the UK (although that also seems to be shifting).

        Speaking of which, how are things in Europe? My cousin is also looking to move (actually to London, last I heard). I’m still looking at the Czech Republic & also Portugal (Spain is still on the list, but it seems that there’s this “Gag Law” still in place that gives me some hesitation).

        I’m pretty sure she’s got the information together for citizenship by heritage & it’s the same stuff that I’d need, so when she finishes that I figure I’ll just use most of the same documents. I’m wondering more & more about winding up an illegal immigrant over there, since I might not be able to get full citizenship for a while (the guy said it could take a year or two for all the paperwork to finally go through) & that whatever time limit I’d have without that could elapse while I’m still over there.

        Would I get locked up if I tried to get back to America at that point? What if I’m crossing into other countries? Or if I try to get everything straightened out? I’m wondering how things like that go for a Slavic Mediterranean Celtic mix, since it would likely be different for a Somalian or a Pakistani (since these “refugees” act an awful lot like enemies).

      • Hi Alex

        These two women are non-Muslims, they are Christians. If they were Muslim women, nobody
        would ever dare intimidate them.

        As for the Czech Republic. Though it’s a lovely place, vaccines are required and there is less fight against them than in Poland. In Poland, more and more parents are deciding not to vaccinate their children and this movement / this tendency seems to grow in strength.

        I wouldn’t go to the Cz R now, no, no way. My husband and I thought about it, but we were unaware of the vaccination problems then. We were blind, but luckily we are waking up.

        Now, after so many changes in Europe, Poland appears to be a good place for you. You speak English, you could always go to Cracow, Poznań, Warszawa, Katowice, Wrocław where you could teach as a native speaker. They come to Poland and have a good life. I don’t say they earn a great amount of money, but they don’t complain about the lack of it. If you wanted to go back to America from Poland (or wherever), you wouldn’t be locked up – no, why? Are you a Slavic Mediterranean Celtic mix? If so, you are always welcome to Poland. Really, it is changing so much. For people like you there will always be the place. With the knowledge of English, it won’t be hard for you to start with teaching the language. The fiscal system is still hard there, but you could work for a private school, university, college, some organisations. This system, however, will be changing. What’s more, Poland is the place where people won’t let the so called ”refuges” come – no way. There are some French people who decide to go to Poland as they don’t feel free in their country because of the latest events. Everything is changing now so quickly. Getting back to the point, I don’t know what your profession is, but take an interest in google and search for ”Teaching English in Poland”. For the time being, I wouldn’t recommend the Czech Republic to you just because of the strict approach to vaccinations. It’s not easy to live in Poland, but it is really changing, people’s awareness is growing and they are really intelligent people, mostly highly educated and talented. Well, again search the net, look for as many comments as you can about Poland, teaching there and working there. I bet you will find something. let me know, please, how the things are.

      • Thanks, Jola. I’m surprised about Poland, since I remember you saying that it was fairly dictatorial medically with women (something I use as a bit of a “litmus test” for how the general state of things is on a medical level- plus, I’m thinking about starting a family). The Czechs are strict with adults getting vaccines, or just children? Either matters, of course- but I figure that can change before I’m looking to have kids. Still, it is somewhat worrisome, in the sense of having self-determination about medical things.

        They definitely don’t seem to be putting up with the same shit that other, more central, European countries do. I’ve noticed them showing signs at half-time at games & such, I’d bet more than signs wouldn’t be out of the question (if I’m any example of Slavic men on that level).

        What I meant about getting locked up if I tried to go somewhere else is if my time limit expired & now it becomes evident when my passport stamps come into play. I don’t figure that action in itself would be an issue, but it wouldn’t be just that action. I guess maybe I’m a little paranoid about that, since I still live in America & shit that doesn’t make sense tends to be very common. Actually, it being fucked-up or not making sense seems to be the guiding principle with what goes on around here!

      • Hi Alex.

        I understood ”locked up” before. As for this, you shouldn’t worry. There are so many foreigners everywhere and they manage somehow. It shouldn’t be a problem and can always be explained to you in the Embassy.

        Undoubtedly, people’s awareness in Poland is changing positively. The Polish are becoming different people, especially the younger generation. now, let’s get to the medical procedures (as one of many topics). In Poland, if you know what your rights are, your rights as a patient, your rights as a human being, nobody is allowed to lift a finger to do harm to you. No doctor can be dictatorial to any patient if he / she doesn’t let the doctor do so. To make it effective, you have to be assertive and put everything in writing. More and more parents in Poland are deciding not to vaccinate their children and though the Polish Sanitary and Epidemiological institution charges the parents with huge amounts of money to pay as a fine, they don’t pay it but, instead, turn to special organisations / foundations for help. The latter help them with legal procedures. The parents go to court. It works more and more often. Not vaccinated children are allowed in nurseries, whereas in the Czech Republic (I don’t know about Slovakia) they are not permitted in nurseries without vaccinations. I hadn’t known about it before. All this is happening thanks to the rising awareness. In Poland, midwives are allowed to serve women in labour at their homes (I don’t use the word ”deliver” on purpose as I don’t consider it adequate in case of birth). In the Czech Republic and Hungary (most likely in Slovakia too) midwives are not allowed to assist at birth at women’s homes. Well, it is a big plus. The attitude towards patients is changing. Anyway, it all depends on the individual’s attitude. If you agree to be a sheep, you will be. If you care about your rights and fight for them when necessary, you are respected. Nobody can impose anything on you without your will and I am 100% certain that they would sooner impose something on you in the USA than in Poland or any other European country. Polish people, in particular, are rebellious and now more and more of them are going out into streets to protest, and it works. The Polish are a really strong Slavic nation, They were left alone in WWII and fought so bravely against Nazi Germany and Bolshevik Soviets. Poland didn’t let Islam spread in Europe in the 17th century, and many, many more, even before Christian times, our Slavic ancestors from the territories of Poland defeated the Romans. Enough of this history! Yes, you are right. The Polish don’t let any scum and garbage in like Western Europe does. The Polish always welcome everybody that wants to work honestly – that’s all.

        So many foreigners live in various parts of the world without the citizenship of the place they are in, and so what? It’s not a problem. In Poland you have to wait long for citizenship, but the foreigners who live there, just live there and do it somehow, working there in the meantime.

        Except for the Czech Republic, you mentioned Spain, Portugal and GB where your friend moved (London, as far as I remember). Hm…I don’t know anything about Spain or Portugal. I personally wouldn’t go there. Why? I don”t know. If I were to choose from among the three mentioned, I would choose GB. Why? For personal freedom, for no picking on for not vaccinating children and for easy, unbelievably easy setting up and running a business. The last aspect develops economy and makes it go around. Discouraging things in the UK are – first that people here don’t seem to be, how to put it, intellectual. I have the feeling they aim at being very average and ignorant. But it’s not the topic and I bet there can be found really educated and eloquent people here. Look on the British ladies who set up this forum – great and very clever women! Second – dirt in streets whereas in Poland it is unthinkable of. There may be the third one as well – benefits give to so many people, lazy ones, for doing nothing while we, private entrepreneurs, work hard and our children can’t have free school meals. Just because we are private entrepreneurs – goodness me! Fourth – the lack of sun (good it’s not Iceland 🙂 – what a consolation :).

        Aha, I may only think that vaccines in The Czech Republic are imposed on adults as well. Yes, I think so.

        Think positively. Go to websites about Poland, for example, to find out what Americans or Canadians living there say, what other nationalities say. Poland is really becoming different and it is going on so fast, although there are plenty of things to still be done.


      • Thanks, Jola! I appreciate all the info. Had no idea Poland was this way & it’s very much perk-up up my interest. My cousin’s wife is Polish & she even has family that still lives there, so I think that might make things easier.

        I think more & more that I might be able to get by instructing in Systema (after I get better at it, since I’m just starting to learn about it in detail). I think this would be welcome & useful, not that the Polish can’t fight already. I want to do general self-reliance stuff, but that might be something I can learn & practice quicker.

        Teaching English, too- though I have my suspicions that it leads to some of the numb-skullery around here. Might be a topic for another day, but in short is that it seems to fixate on nouns more than verbs (the thing is, there’s always the state of things- it’s STATE of oak table, it’s STATE of this wide, it’s STATE of this thick).

        I remember a Sabaton song “40:1” about Poland. You might like it, since it mentions Poland’s fighting in WWII. Also, there’s the site “Bare Naked Islam.” You probably hear lots of stories that wouldn’t make mainstream American media anyway, but it’s good for non-PC stuff on an obvious subject. I found out about Poland not putting up with all that “immigration” from there. I get to thinking the Eastern European countries are going to just drop out of NATO & the EU. Maybe even band together with Russia somewhat (probably not all the way to the point of joining the Russian Federation, but maybe stronger alliances).

        Anyway, not really the site for this sort of thing on some levels- although, I wouldn’t put it past them to try virginity testing girls at school (so the muslims don’t feel left out or “made the other” or whatever bullshit they’re slinging that day). America is getting a bit creepy about catering to muslims on official levels & yet everyone else is getting kicked around. You know they had the kids singing an “Islamic Fight Song” in school?

  11. Hi everyone who is contrbuting to our book. Here is the foreword which has been very kindly written for us by the father of medicine himself!!!!. I have also done a brief intro. The front cover looks great – very provocative – I cannot upload it here so you will just have to trust me with it. Overall its beginning to look very professional and it will blend in well with properly sanctioned medical books. We’re done just taking it – we are well and truly on the attack!!!!

    I am still aiming for this Sunday evening as a deadline as I am free all day Monday to start the process. However the amazing thing about cyber books is that we can access it and change it whenever we feel like it. It is very unlike a printed book in once its printed there’s no chance to change anything.

    If anyone needs an extension let me know as its not set in stone for when I upload it. x


    Medicine is of all the arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts. Their mistake appears to me to arise principally from this, that in the cities there is no punishment connected with the practice of medicine except disgrace, and that does not hurt those who are familiar with it. Such persons are the figures which are introduced in tragedies, for as they have the shape, and dress, and personal appearance of an actor, but are not actors, so also physicians are many in title but very few in reality.

    Hippocrates 460-370BC


    With the advent of the Internet and the increasing access to once hidden away medical journals, women around the World are discovering for themselves the fact that incidence of Cervical Cancer is extremely rare. Rare enough for us to now question why doctors and nurses insist on having intimate access to our genitals on a frequent, ongoing, (in many countries, annual) basis for our entire adult lives.
    For the past thirty years, in every country, around the globe, when a women makes an appointment to see her doctor, no matter what she presents with, whether it be anxiety, depression, headaches, coughs and colds, or any other ailment, if she is ‘overdue’ for her smear, the first thing a doctor will want to do, is for her to remove her underwear in order for them to look inside her vagina for cancer.
    Their focus, is not on us as women, but entirely on a small part of out anatomy – our Cervix – which is barely two centimetre in diameter, and unfortunately for us, located far up within the most private place of our body. Yet this small, usually inconspicuous piece of flesh, totally dominates the conversation during every consult.
    Forced Smear Testing of all adult women is an archaic, barbaric and inhumane ritual fostered on us by the outdated mindset of the medical profession. A profession that gave us mercury to drink, used leeches to drain our blood, tied dead pigeons to our feet, enemas to rot our guts.
    It is an obsolete, highly unreliable, useless test, invented nearly a century ago and in this modern, dynamic, vibrant world has no place.
    A consequence of this manner of testing has been the unnecessary harming of millions who trusted our doctors enough to hand over our bodies to them. Countless millions more have been tricked into believing the timely removal of suspicious looking cells actually saved their lives.

    What follows is just a few of these women’s accounts ….. Women who until now have had their comments and complaints scrubbed from many medical sites. These are the precious stories of women’s experiences of smear test, who have been effectively silenced. Silenced that is … until now …

    …. The time has come for governments around the world and the World Hhealth Organisation to bring the medical profession to account … .

    • Hi Linda,
      I’ve been trying to complete a chapter for you called: The shameful history of the British Cervical Screening Programme. I’ve been editing it down, as I had about 9,000 words and I want to reduce it to about 6,000 and send it in two chunks. It is about how the programme came to be set up in the UK, and the problems that have arisen as a result. I made extensive revisions last night, only for my tablet to run out of juice, and I lost them all. I might send half to night, but is very difficult on my crappy tablet. I’ll see if I can get onto a computer, or it might have to be, Monday.
      I am glad the project is starting to look good.

  12. Elizabeth’s story:

    I remember being shocked when I first heard about pap testing, it wasn’t just the test itself, it was the militant approach taken by the medical profession, women’s groups and most other people. I felt quite alone in my concern about this testing.

    I was being told that I must or should have this test, if I didn’t test, then I was immature, silly, reckless, and could blame no one but myself for my early demise. It seemed impossible to question this testing, expressing a doubt, concern or even asking for more information was often the prompt for a verbal attack, even name-calling. No other subject seemed to be beyond question, to stir such emotion; it said to me there was something very wrong with this testing.

    Whenever I’m pushed, I dig my heels into the ground; I was being ordered into testing with no information on the risks and actual benefits. I’ve found over the years that demands accompanied by high pressure or emotion usually mean something isn’t right and my inner voice screams, “stop, beware – walk away and take your time with this one”. My instincts were right with both cervical and later, breast cancer screening.

    In about 1980 when I was 21, I went off to the Medical Library looking for answers. I’d rejected the test; it was unacceptable to me, so I wanted to know what sort of risk I was accepting as a non-screening woman.

    I did my own research; I read all the things they’d hidden from women, read articles critical of the cervical screening program by Professor Archie Cochrane, the eminent epidemiologist. I also spoke to a couple of medical academics. I devoured this information, something told me it would protect me from this testing; it was my armour.

    I think many women fear this topic being raised, especially in the consult room, they feel embarrassed, guilty, silly, some start to stammer, blush, apologize, put themselves down, that’s what this program and it’s promoters have done to women – we feel like criminals or idiots if we choose not to test. I think this is why real information was kept from women, to make us easier to control, manipulate, overwhelm and deceive.

    I walked away from that library feeling shocked and afraid, women were getting a screening story, not balanced information on the pros and cons of testing. An unreliable test for a cancer that had always been rare in the developed world, a test that would benefit very few women but would condemn huge numbers to unnecessary biopsies and over-treatment. There was also hidden concern about testing young women, with the certainty it would lead to a lot of over-treatment for no benefit. There were also no randomised controlled trials for pap testing, a must for ethical cancer screening.

    No wonder they wanted women to just do it, accept it’s necessary, like brushing your teeth. The women’s group on campus suggested we, “Just make it a habit”.

    I knew the truth, but couldn’t believe they’d do this to women, by those who pledged to, “first do no harm”. Some of the women’s groups who’d fought hard for women’s rights and to challenge the exploitation, control and abuse of the female body had been conned in the worst possible way and were now in firm partnership with our abusers. The call for the offer of a free and regular pap test for all women had, in my opinion, turned into systematic and deliberate medical abuse.

    The very same groups that shouted down paternalism and the abuse and control of women were among the loudest in the call for all women to have pap testing.
    Incredibly, it seemed this test had became a feminist icon. It seemed to me we could hardly be equal to men if our bodies belonged to others; that they could demand we have an intimate inspection and test every 2 years and judge us harshly if we refused or even questioned this testing. I can’t think of another elective screening test “offered” this way.

    As an informed woman, I felt like a spectator, listening to misinformation and the scare campaigns and watching the women in my life being deceived, distressed and harmed by the medical profession and the program.
    The approach taken to get women to test felt oppressive, the information was incomplete and unbalanced, it was closer to propaganda, the screening campaigns felt and looked like social and mental engineering, it felt wrong.

    It’s been 36 years since that young woman walked away from that library, transformed into something this program greatly fears, an informed woman.
    We were expected to file in like ignorant sheep, we were being conditioned to become part of a compliant screening herd and there was no room for individuals, consent or informed consent.
    Surely someone would stop this madness, no, everyone was silent, our medical leaders and associations had nothing critical to say about this appalling treatment of women.

    It felt like few women questioned this testing, of course, most were coerced, misled or pressured into testing and some just submitted thinking they had no real say in the matter. Some women gave in and tested after years of pressure at every consult or being threatened with removal from surgery records or found it was “necessary” for the Pill, pre-natal care, HRT or even migraine meds. To be fair, there was virtually no real information around; most women simply heard the screening stories over and over again.

    I know many women who were coerced into testing felt like they’d been taken advantage of, assaulted or raped. Some felt the doctor had enjoyed their initial resistance to testing and the final act of submission. Some felt overwhelmed by the power dynamic in the consult room. There was no real outlet for these women; complaints were promptly dismissed and the woman was always judged, a friend was told, “some women might foolishly avoid pap testing if doctors didn’t insist on it, you should thank him”.

    I couldn’t start to quantify the damage this program has caused to so many women, but the numbers would be huge. The damage is often on-going as well, with health, obstetric and/or psychological issues.
    This program has taken a lot from women, including the right to say who’ll have intimate access to our body, our legal rights and the quiet enjoyment of our lives.

    This level of deception and abuse is only possible with everyone in the medical profession on board. I think some doctors were probably concerned as well but felt it was safer and easier for them to just go along with the program.

    In my opinion, this program shows us the misuse of power, the power imbalance, and allowing doctors to violate consent and informed consent leads to open abuse. I still hear doctors brag that they hold the Pill to force women to have pap testing. Medical associations continue to say women on the Pill “need” pap testing, and one spokesman for the AMA said he’d be surprised if doctors prescribed the Pill without a pap test. No one says a word, yet if they said men on Viagra need a colonoscopy or the script would be held until they screened, that would be swiftly challenged. The old double standard is still firmly in place, it says to me the medical profession still view women as something less than men.

    I could make an informed decision about testing, that was a NO.
    Of course, declining to screen meant living around this program, it meant avoiding doctors in my 20s and most of my 30s and never asking for the Pill.
    In my late 30s I decided I wanted a doctor so went looking for someone I could work with, I found her and she remains my GP many years later.

    The arrival of the Internet made research easier, I began to find more information from countries like Finland, the UK and The Netherlands.
    I continued to watch this program deceive and harm women. It felt like the asymptomatic female body was under attack, that being female meant a lifetime of medical control and orders, invasive exams and testing and lots of harm.

    I was delighted in 2003 when I saw the research by Dr Angela Raffle from the UK, I read it over and over again, but most Australian women have never seen this important research. The conclusion: 1000 women need to screen regularly for 35 years to save one woman from cervical cancer. I knew the program was bad, but wow, that research was damning, surely this would lead to change?
    No, nothing, no changes, no comments, no concern. Our medical leaders and associations were silent. I was amazed when Professor Michael Baum from the UK stated that choosing not to have cervical screening was a perfectly reasonable decision. I will be forever grateful to the handful of doctors, mainly from the UK, my medical heroes, who openly challenged these programs, they gave me hope at a time when I’d lost all hope and encouraged me to keep fighting.

    Articles on informed consent in cervical cancer screening arrived very late in this country, as far as I’m aware, the first article appeared in the MJA this year: 2015.
    Incredible that our right to make an informed choice was dismissed for decades and only now is there a trickle of concern, one academic article. How could so many see informed consent or even consent itself in women’s healthcare and screening as unimportant or optional?

    I knew censorship was protecting this program. When you’re misleading women, you have to go to great lengths to hide the truth.
    I wrote to the Health Minister, to the media, to all sorts of groups and politicians, no one would touch the subject. Papscreen simply sent me a copy of the screening brochure and urged me to screen without delay.

    I started posting wherever I could, I’d set aside a few hours every week to post on as many sites as possible. I firmly believe the only way to change this program is to reach women, usually one by one, to give them real information and encourage them to make an informed decision. I know most dismissed my posts as the ravings of a mad woman, but now and then I’d get a private message from a woman who wanted more information, was facing another biopsy or couldn’t face more screening. It was telling that many didn’t feel they could reply to my posts, it had to be a private message, it wasn’t considered safe to speak openly and critically about this testing.

    I knew many women were unreachable, it was the others I wanted to reach, maybe, I could give them real information, help them make an informed decision about screening. It was not for me to tell women what to do; others were doing that, I wanted and still want all women to have balanced and complete information so they can make the best decision for them.

    I remember a vivid dream, my husband reminded me about this dream just recently, it happened 3 or 4 times. I was walking along a dark shore with a lantern, there were lots of women in the water struggling to stay afloat, some reached out to me and I pulled them to safety.

    The dream made sense to me, I knew women were in danger, if I could help some of them it was the right thing to do, I had to get real information out there, where they could find it. So strong and deep is my outrage for women, I doubt I’ll ever stop looking, stop reaching, stop posting, stop challenging…

    I was one of the lucky ones, they didn’t get a chance to harm me, I’ve never had a pap test, but this program has affected my life. I’ve lived with feelings of shock, outrage and sorrow for all the women negatively affected by this program, it’s always there, bubbling away under the surface.

    Often the backlash on forums was savage and personal, on a few occasions I couldn’t return or finish reading the comments, it was too threatening. I was banned and moderated on quite a few sites, my medical journal references were deleted, but an article promoting pap testing with blatantly incorrect information remained in place. The story had become the evidence, that’s how effective the propaganda had been, even some doctors believed the screening story. I was told many times that my comments might lead to deaths; I was being irresponsible, playing with women’s lives.

    This program and its protectors can’t meet real information so they don’t permit comments on their website, or they have the final word and close the thread. Over and over my comments and references were dismissed and the screening story was held up as the Holy Grail.

    It’s been a slow process but about 5 years ago something changed, more women were listening, more women were informed, this spells trouble for this testing. Nothing pleases me more than getting to a forum and finding an informed woman, one I probably know, one of my on-line friends, has already posted real information. It makes me think there are now lots of women running along the screening shore pulling women to safety, that makes me very happy.

    I hope there is some justice for the women harmed by this program, it should never have happened, and must never happen again. The cervical screening program is not a great success story; it’s an example of what happens when power and vested interests are permitted to violate basic human rights, the law and proper ethical standards.
    I hope one day the female body will be valued and viewed with respect, without the insane focus on our reproductive organs. I hope women will be trusted to make their own healthcare decisions based on real information. No targets, no target payments, no coercion, no opportunistic screening, no scare campaigns and no screening stories.
    It means continuing to challenge the perverse attitudes that shaped this program, those who felt this was an acceptable way to treat women, who abused women and called it health care.

    • Elizabeth, great post!

      I’d just like to clarify the feminist position, feminism is not one big homogenous group, it’s varied and imperfect and can also be powerful and politically effective. Unfortunately there is an ideological rift within feminism, the feminism you refer to, I’d class as liberal or pomo (postmodern) feminism. They can be younger women and men, or people that have only been exposed to vapid online feminist blogs like Everyday Feminism and Jezebel. Liberal feminism doesn’t have much tolerance for a critical analysis of traditional feminist theory such as critiquing gender (when applied to the transgender debate), the sex trade, pornography and women organising away from biological men.

      In my experience radical feminism (roots feminism) is more likely to support our agenda in raising awareness about the harms of cervical screening. Some of the radical feminist blogs I follow have posted links to Sue’s blog. We share similar issues such as censorship against a very narrow version of ‘hate speech’, which has become mainstreamed (especially with liberal feminism) and is dressed up as progressive. As you have mentioned, many of us that have tried to gently break through the Pap smear dogma online have experienced abusive language, circular arguments and censorship, having our comments deleted. Radical feminists experience the same hostility, and many public radical feminists been no-platformed from speaking events.

      I agree, mainstream feminism has not been helpful to our cause, but we do have allies in radical feminism, and historically the harmful practices within gynaecology have been critiqued by radical feminists such as Mary Daley and Germaine Greer.

      • Hi Si
        Thanks for your feedback, perhaps I should add another line to my story to make clear not all feminist groups are the same, now or then. I understand that, although I probably didn’t understand that at the time because all of these groups seemed to be shouting the same order, get your pap tests! I thought I’d find a friend in these groups, but there was no comfort there…

        The groups on campus were all aggressively pro-screening, they seemed to think it was empowering to spread your legs for the test. (and note almost all doctors were male back then) Some women didn’t want a male doctor to do the test, so their feelings were dismissed, “your health is more important”…”it’s only a vagina” etc.
        Doctors/the program worked out they’d have to force many women to screen, it was an unpleasant test, some found it painful, humiliating etc. (and they needed to screen as many women as possible to justify the testing) and to accept/put up with male doctors. I know the coercion was especially distressing for some young women because it was a male forcing her to submit to a penetrative vaginal exam. (when she might have been there with a cough!)

        I found it confusing and disappointing, especially when they seemed to support doctors FORCING women to have pap testing. It really wasn’t safe for any woman to step into a consult room for anything or she could be safely bullied or coerced into a pap test. Let’s face it, there are few things that expose us so completely as a pap test. Of course, it went further than that, the Pill was used to strip women bare for all sorts of unnecessary things like breast and bimanual pelvic exams, some young women were literally naked for these “examinations”.

        If there were feminist groups who felt as I did, I didn’t hear a word from them and believe me, I was listening, clinging to the hope someone would feel as I did, appalled at what was happening to women.

        I was pleased when Germaine Greer was critical of the program and refused to test (this was much later) – isn’t it telling that so-called radical feminists should be the ones to see through this program? Hardly radical to respect women and informed consent, but with this program it was certainly something they didn’t consider at all, it was all about the target/coverage, at any cost.

        I call myself a feminist but don’t identify with any particular group or leaning, it’s my own brand of feminism. I didn’t feel comfortable with any of these groups, I didn’t fit with any of them. I went to a meeting of the Women’s Liberation Group on campus and felt like a vegetarian at the butcher’s picnic. I walked in wearing a skirt and cardigan, they were wearing boiler suits and work boots. We stared at each other as I slowly sidled out of the room.

        My story is just how I found the situation and these groups, but I’m happy to add a line pointing out some feminists were also against this program and it’s treatment of women, but I certainly wasn’t aware of any critical rumblings at the time.

      • Hi Elizabeth, this is a reply to your reply to my reply 😉

        Yes this issue is a feminist issue, and It really is frustrating when so called feminists won’t listen! It took me a while to find like minded feminists who already understood the inherent misogyny in unnecessary gyn screening and treatment.
        Unfortunately radical feminist’s get a bad rap, which is unfounded, radical feminists are the one’s that engage thoughtfully with feminist theory, in my experience it’s the liberal feminists that name call and censor anyone who disagree’s with that party line and refuse to enter into debate. If you don’t agree that transwomen are ‘real’ women and there’s such a thing as a female penis, you are labeled transphobic or TERF (trans exclusionary radical feminist), or if you want to critique the sex trade you’re a whorephobic SWERF, or if you criticise ‘life saving’ pap smears you’re trying to kill women… Ffs!

        It really sadden’s me that there is such an ugly rift happening in feminism. I think we need all the different feminisms – we need to represent diversity, and we still need a strong political voice for women, and we should be able to agree to disagree if we want a united voice to challenge sexism.

        Linda thank you for putting together this book 🙂 You must have devoted hours pulling it together!
        I’d personally appreciate it if you could avoid any anti feminist sentiment in your book – I think it’s important not to alienate the feminist movement (in all it’s feminisms), as well as individual women that identify as feminists. I think it’s critical to bring the cervical screening issue into a mainstream feminist narrative, it is another example of rape culture. As feminists, we are the one’s that are supposed to be woman centred, we are supposed to listen to and validate other womens lived experience.

    • Elizabeth, I have really enjoyed reading your piece and have read it several times. I too was suspicious from the very start that every woman required this test, and after the first one which was done on me “out of the blue” I refused further ones, even though I hadn’t done a great deal of research. The main objection for me, was that women’s bodies had to be monitored in this way. For me, this was totally unacceptable. Intercourse, childbirth, ageing, death were all natural and personal to me, I hated the way these were to be controlled by a third party, (for women only), and I saw no reason why they should, unless something went wrong. Only then should the medics get involved. The very idea, that women’s bodies required constant supervision and intervention repulsed me, as it meant that women’s bodies were flawed and incapable of working without the medical profession. I had never understood why feminists were so in favour of this, when, for me they represented the ultimate in female loss of control over their own bodies. It is totally unnatural to me that females require these interventions to their bodies all the time, and my gut instinct was that if this test needs to be repeated over and over again, it isn’t any good.

      • Thanks, Ada, well done on your contributions too, the historical overview is fascinating, it really should be published, I’ve read bits and pieces over the years, but never a comprehensive and factual summary – have you thought of doing a Masters or thesis?
        It’s far too valuable to leave sitting in your computer files.
        I read once that we almost ended up with annual screening, the 2 yearly program was a compromise between annual and three yearly. We’d have harmed even more women with annual screening. To think our health and happiness can turn on who shouts loudest in Parliament or by a random act that prompts hasty decisions. Politics and screening are a dangerous mix, IMO, it’s the reason we’re extending the breast screening program to include women aged 71-74, there is no evidence of benefit, but will lead to more over-diagnosis and over-treatment. These things should never be kneejerk or about winning votes.
        “for me they represented the ultimate in female loss of control over their own bodies”
        Couldn’t agree more…

        Si, your comment makes a lot of sense, the pro-screening groups I recall were quite militant and were quite nasty when they were crossed. I know one of the groups felt modesty was something “imposed” on women, so I think exposing yourself for a pap test was viewed as a thumbs up to that, it was similar to topless protests and the like.

      • Sorry, I meant Masters or PhD, or a diploma/degree in women’s studies, you’ve already done the work!

      • Elizabeth, thank you so much for recommending I do further study on this. It may well come about, because I’ve just heard that I’ll be moving to a new job next year. You’d better sit down before you read any further,, because it is with none other than our NHS!!!!
        The work is part of their new “Agenda for Change” initiative and will involve patient advocacy and better information for patients. I feel so strongly about this issue, I got very carried away at my interview, telling them how I followed Dr Margaret McCartney and Michael Baum, thinking I’d really shot myself in the foot there, but they’ve offered me the job!
        I have to thank you so much, because you have been the best teacher I’ve had, and I don’t even know who you are. You can rest assured that you have played a major role in helping a lady in the UK get this job. I couldn’t have done it without you. I will get front line experience with patients and their information needs, and it would be wonderful if I could undertake further research and study into this fascinating subject in my time at the NHS.
        Thank you so much Elizabeth and everybody on this website. You may live many miles away, but you have helped a lady in the UK get a job to help implement a better health deal for patients in the UK. I am so very grateful to you!

  13. Hi Eliz. I feel very emotional reading this account. Testing hurt me to the core yet a few years ago i too would have dismissed you. I bet there were whole years when you wondered if your message would ever reach people. What an incredibly long fought battle. I think I would have given up. When i went looking for my own answers i found you all over the internet. Fate i think lead me here.
    This site is amazing there is nothing else remotely like it.
    If it ok with you i would like your piece to be the last words in our book. I think its the natural place for it to be.
    When i have Ada’s piece i will begin putting it on sites.
    It will be free on smashwords and barnes and noble as well as itunes. I will also put it on amazon. Amazon is totally capitalist and doesn’t do free books so i will put in on at 99p. So – as soon as you see it on amazon for sale – type in The Truth About Smear Tests they don’t want you to know – go to the ‘report this book’ icon. Report it as being cheaper else where. Amazons price promise will force their programme to check and adjust accordinly. If i do it tomorrow it could possibly be on amazon free for christmas. On the other sites it will be free right away. The earliest will be Christmas Eve for any of them now. It has to go through checking systems. The biggest disaster now is if the checking systems think it is too pornographic. But i will make any changes and re sub it.

  14. Part 1 of 3
    The shameful history of the British Cervical Screening Programme, by A. V. Wells

    “Who, in the 1940’s”, writes public health consultant, Angela Raffle in her 1998 letter to The Lancet, “would have thought that by now the USA would be spending an estimated $4.5 billion annually on diagnosing “atypical squamous cells of uncertain significance?” The answer must be businessmen, since if this huge amount of money was in medical hands, a better solution or even a cure for cervical cancer would surely have come about years ago, and the lucrative “vagina business” would never have rolled its way on a tidal wave of emotion, political expediency, and hysteria across the Anglophone world, to fill our bodies, our newspapers, our surgeries, and hospitals with an irrational fear of a rare and declining disease.
    This is the shameful history of the cervical screening programme in Britain.

    A solution in search of a purpose
    In 1920’s America, Greek pathologist George Papanicolaou, had been working on the menstrual cycle of guinea pigs, and decided to transfer his work to humans, primarily using his wife as a test before expanding his experiments to some of his wife’s friends. When one of the women later went on to develop cervical cancer, Papanicolaou reviewed the slide samples he had taken and realised he could have found on the slides, the earliest signs of a developing cancer. He proposed that if every woman took this test on a regular basis, those who had changed cervical cells could be given surgery, such as a hysterectomy, as a pre-emptive measure before the cancer took a hold.

    In the post-war years, Papanicolaou traveled widely across the USA giving lectures on his theory, but there was a lukewarm response from the medical profession, who didn’t believe that the changed cells were guaranteed to be a sign of early cancer. Many remained sceptical about the claims made by Papanicolaou and the medical profession was slow to accept the test.

    However, in the United States in the early part of the 20th century, the private, insurance-driven healthcare system was seeking medical tests, which could be done on employees to prevent them from becoming ill, claiming injury at work and making a claim on their insurance policies. Annual medical exams, and especially, annual “well-woman” exams became a standard part of American life, and in the 1950’s the Papanicolaou smear test, now known as a Pap test, which needed to be repeated at regular intervals to be of any use, became an ideal component of these ongoing exams, since it locked women into frequent medical check-ups, providing an ongoing lucrative business to the doctor.

    As each Pap test provided only a snapshot of the cells at any one time and was no true indicator of the way the cells might change, repeated visits were required to monitor any changes throughout a woman’s adult life. Any element of doubt would require ever closer surveillance, and more frequent follow up. It soon became a cash cow of immeasurable proportions for the exploding American ObGyn business, and every American woman was expected to have one. Women became locked onto a merry-go-round of repeated testing, repeated biopsies, repeated treatments. The more treatments were given, the more serious women believed their risk to have been, and the more they believed further treatments were necessary. Cervical cancer was such a dreaded disease that women regarded the unpleasant screening tests as a necessary evil to be endured periodically throughout their lives. Feelings of unease about the repetitive, invasive treatments, were brushed aside by good doses of propaganda in the press, suggesting that women “put themselves up for the procedures as casually as they go shopping”, and even “caring moms” were encouraged to drag their reluctant daughters into the gynaecologists chair to “groom” them for this rite of womanhood.

    In the UK, the NHS was set up in 1947 as a free healthcare service for the sick. The Pap test, which came to be known as a smear test in the UK because of the way the sample was smeared across a slide, was slow to be accepted as a screening tool on healthy women, because of perceived difficulties incorporating extensive preventive healthcare within the socialist system of the NHS.

    At a meeting of the Stoke Newington Women’s Peace Group in London, on 18th February 1964, a doctor had been invited to talk at a branch meeting on women’s health, and told a captivated audience, that in America, women were routinely being given a simple life-saving test for cancer, which British women were being denied. Incensed at this injustice, the women approached their local politicians, and Labour MP Joyce Butler fervently took up the cause to ensure that smear testing be rolled out to all British women across the country. Throughout the 1960’s and 1970’s she constantly raised questions in Parliament demanding that an organised programme of smear testing be carried out in all GP surgeries.

    However, the main reason that the screening test had not crossed the Atlantic sooner was that there were ongoing concerns about the accuracy of the test and how effective it would prove in screening entire populations of healthy symptom-free women. In addition, cervical cancer had always been an uncommon cancer, and was in already in steady decline as post-war conditions and health improved.

    No randomised controlled trials were ever carried out on the smear test, but a number of studies took part in various parts of the world. Some medical professionals believed that all changes in the cells would go on to become cancerous and advocated radical hysterectomies without delay. Others were more cautious and believed the changes could stop and go back to normal over time, and no action should be taken except careful monitoring, especially where pre-menopausal women were concerned, since hysterectomies in this age group were a tragic event, especially if women had not completed their families.

    Yet in the US and Germany, radical hysterectomy was the treatment of choice (for the gynaecologists) since many feared litigation should cancer develop after an all clear had been given, and there can be no doubt that a great many women must have suffered greatly or even died from their treatment in those days. The policy of “when in doubt, cut it out” became the standard treatment, due to regular widespread smear testing bringing healthy women in for this regular “medical maintenance”.

    Yet the pressure to bring organised testing to Britain continued to grow, despite many individuals attempts to ensure that evidence prevailed over emotional fervour.

    During the 1970’ and 1980’s leading epidemiologists Petr Skrabanek and James McCormick working from Trinity College Dublin, became outspoken critics of plans to make the smear test a national screening tool. As an emigré from central Europe Skrabanek, had first-hand experience of living under state control. He coined the phrase “health fascism” where the government controlled people with regular medical interventions in order to prevent them from getting sick, and being a burden on the state purse. He rejected the idea of mass screening, not just because such programmes consumed great financial costs and resources, but also because they inevitably involved some degree of medical harm to healthy people in order to weed out the few who might go on to develop cancer. Because they spoke out against a national screening programme, Skrabanek and McCormick came in for heavy criticism and vilification from the pro-screening lobby. Skrabanek came up against difficulties in getting his work published, and had his work described by one Lancet editor as “scurrilous”.

    On 11th May 1967 at the Houses of Parliament, Mr Alan Williams MP questioned the value of the smear test in the House of Commons. He argued that before rolling out such a programme, the results from an independent Cochrane review should be sought before launching such an expensive and far reaching programme. However, the general feeling amongst some of the public and politicians was that the smear test had already been held up for long enough, and Mr K. Robinson MP replied that it would be wrong to withhold such a screening programme until Cochrane had completed his full analysis. When Cochrane had completed his review, and came out against universal cervical screening, he too was publicly vilified.

    Since cervical cancer was a disease which could have very tragic consequences for unfortunate young mothers, it struck a chord with the public that something simply had to be done and emotions about the disease ran extremely high.

    With the rise of militant feminism and the women’s liberation movement during the 1960’s and 70’s, there was increasing consensus that the hold-ups were due to the inaction of old-school, male chauvinists in Parliament and in the paternalistic, male-dominated medical profession. While the efficacy of the test was being debated, young women were losing their lives. The urge to implement the programme before it had been properly tested gathered fanatical momentum.

    Up to the late 1980’s, smear tests were already carried out in a haphazard way on those women who arrived at their doctor’s surgeries for other reasons, usually visits to do with contraception and childbirth. Tests were carried out from age 35 – 65, every 5 years, or earlier, if the mother had had more than 3 pregnancies before then. In order to get payment for doing the test the woman had to sign a consent form or there would be no reimbursement for the GP. In this way, a woman gave signed consent for the procedure to be carried out, and, generally, this way of testing cornered those women most at risk, and left others alone.

    An organised screening programme is set up
    Things reached a crisis point when in 1984, a woman in Oxfordshire died of cervical cancer after having failed to be notified by her GP of severe problems. The women’s groups were outraged. The pro-screening lobby demanded that a national screening programme be set up without delay, and new Health Secretary, Kenneth Clarke, casting aside all requirements for confidentiality or human rights, wasted no time in setting up the NHS Cervical screening programme in 1989.

    In those days, setting up a computerised call and recall system of every single woman in the UK (some 30 million women), was a considerable undertaking, and a computer system was developed under the name of “Open Exeter”. Now seen as an unacceptably long, overdue, and absolutely essential health right for all women, it slipped barely noticed that vast amounts of personal identifiable details about every woman in the country under 65 were being taken out of the GP surgery and put onto a national database. The information was personal, because the exact name, age, address, and hysterectomy status of every woman, was needed to send out appropriate reminder letters at a timely date.

  15. Part 2 of 3
    Clarke gained political credit for fast-tracking the programme on the outrage following the death of the woman in Oxfordshire, but in truth there were other reasons at play. Current Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was very keen to replace the NHS with a privatised insurance-based healthcare system very similar to that in the United States. Clarke was appalled at this scenario, and had many fierce arguments with the Prime Minister to make sure this didn’t happen. Clarke favoured the setting up of an “internal market” within the NHS, and Clarke eventually won the day, pushing through his White Paper “Working for Patients” in 1989. A white paper is a pre-legal document designed to implement policy, and iron out problems before it is eventually made into UK law.

    In the first year of running the programme, attendance of the new smear test was still only about 40%, but Clarke had further designs on the programme. In a revised version of 1990, he set financial incentive targets for the doctors to reach. The White Paper was bitterly contested by the medical profession for many reasons, one of which was an annual incentive payment of £760 for any doctor who could smear test 50-79% of women on the surgery list. No payment was made at all for less than 50%, whereas under the old system they had received a straight repayment for each smear undertaken. Worse still, a top payment of £2,260 was awarded if the doctor could break through the 80% screening target. In 1990-91 the 80% target was about 12.3% of the GPs remuneration, but in inner city areas, where poverty was worst, a special inner-city supplement of £8.80 per cervix was placed on women, which could earn the GP a considerable sum in those days.

    Resistance to the screening targets
    Some doctors were appalled at the “bounty” being placed on women’s bodies in this way, and questions were asked openly in the House of Commons, that many doctors, having their clinical judgement removed by targets, would be reduced to harassing, nuns, virgins, widows, the elderly and other very low risk groups into undergoing the test, just to reach the 80% screening threshold. On 2nd May 1989 in Parliament, Labour MP Mr Ron Leighton quoted some of the comments he had received from angry doctors such as:

    “The immunisation and cervical smear targets are unreasonable. GP’s cannot be a paternalistic police force forcing people to have what is good for them”

    Another GP, also sensing that Clarke was using the smear test to push the NHS into the private American model, was quoted as saying:

    “There is a widespread fear that the Government has a hidden agenda for the privatisation of Health Care”.

    In the same House of Commons debate, Tory MP Sir Michael McNair-Wilson also spoke out about the screening targets for cervical cancer being impossibly high to achieve and offered the following example from one of his GP constituents:

    “Of the women tested, 10% had had a hysterectomy and 8% refused a smear. In [the GP’s practice], the annual turnover of women patients was 20%. Accepting those figures, he claimed that a figure of 82% was only achievable if one included women who had had hysterectomies, or 71% if one did not. One might honestly question the value of a cervical smear on a woman who has had a hysterectomy”.

    On 5th July 1990, Mr Michael Baughen, Bishop of Chester, raised the issue in the House of Lords, that the screening targets were too severe on women, who may not wish to be screened. The woefully under-informed Baroness Gloria Hooper claimed there was no issue because 20% could refuse to screen if they so wished.

    One of the most open critics of the screening targets, was Tory MP Emma Nicholson, who spoke for some time on the subject in the House of Commons on 29th March 1990. In her speech, she describes how doctors, just a few percentage points short of their 80% screening target and the top payment, can put extreme pressure on those women still refusing to undergo a test, and how many GP’s were finding it difficult to reach their targets in an “acceptable manner”.

    She went on: “I believe that there should be a case for informed dissenters – women who are educated, well informed, but, who take the conscious decision not to have it. I received a letter from a widow of 64, who was deeply distressed…she had seen a stand-in doctor, who targeted her fiercely saying that if she did not have the test his income and that of her GP would be at risk. She went home. Since then the receptionist has telephoned her a number of times.”

    In further support, Mr Ivan Lawrence, MP said: “There is a serious question of interference with civil liberties and individual freedom. …I ask him to bear in mind the strength of feeling. There comes a time when the nanny state should not go too far and invade people’s freedom”.

    Despite handing over details of a number of cases and asking for leniency on those who were clearly at no risk of cervical cancer, MP Roger Freeman reiterated that there was “medical evidence” that both virgins and nuns were susceptible to this disease and the test was to be carried out on all women, and no categories would be allowed an exemption. This clearly shows the predicament that women in the UK found themselves in: the screening programme proffered a veneer of legality by claiming women had a real choice, and offering a 20% opt out, but in practice there was no option for anyone with a cervix to exercise their human rights and decline to screen.

    The round-ups begin
    Other politicians took a less humanitarian view of the screening targets, and saw it as their moral duty to drive women into screening, as they believed it was for their own good, and no woman, no matter how remote her risks, was to be exempted from the programme.

    A good many politicians thought that women should have no access to evidence or even a choice in the matter. Many were angered by some women’s reluctance to take the test, and publicly demanded heavier penalties to ensure that no woman could slip the net. In Parliament on 22nd January 1990, Labour MP Martin Redmond demanded that the leaflet “The cervical smear test: why you need it” be sent immediately to every woman in the UK, and later in April of the same year, fellow Labour MP, Eric Martlew asked Kenneth Clarke, if he would make it a part of every GP’s contract to refuse to add women to their lists, if the woman refused to have a smear test. Clarke replied that this would be “highly unprofessional” of the doctors.

    Yet unprofessionalism wasn’t a concern for some doctors. A study into reasons why GPs removed patients from their lists in 2001 by Mark Pickin et al found that of 300 GP practices, 2 had removed women patients in the last 6 months for the sole reason of refusing to undergo a smear test, and a further 5 of these 300 counted their refusal to have a smear test as a contributing factor to their removal. Although Pickin quotes that these are rare incidences, approximately half (360/732) of all GPs in this survey, replied that they considered the financial incentives to reach screening targets as a genuine cause to remove patients from their lists. If it was rarely carried out in practice, the threat of removal was therefore a very real prospect on both sides of the GP/patient relationship.

    Since up to 20% of the population is moving house at any one time, transient populations often meant a corresponding loss in screening revenues for the GP, so another tactic used was to send out letters to women notifying them that failure to respond to the invitation would mean that they were no longer considered to be at this address, and they would consequently be removed from the doctor’s list. This further implanted the idea in many women’s minds that a failure to screen would lead to removal from the doctor’s list, and undoubtedly brought many anxious women rushing to the surgery. Whilst this might seem like a benign goodwill gesture, men are seldom put in the same position of having to contact the surgery or face being removed from the GP list, even if they have had no contact with their surgery over many years.

    Being removed from a GP list forces women to register elsewhere, and since the NHS registration form in the UK illegally requires female patients to state the date of their last smear test, many women were again caught when trying to re-register at a new practice. Not only this, but many GP practices insist on an examination and smear test at enrolment for all new female patients. So for many women the decision to refuse a smear test could mean no access to primary medical care at all. As recently as December 2015, a woman posted on the NHS website that on trying to register at a new practice, she is forced to sign a declaration that demanded that she attend regular smear tests, or would she would not be allowed to register at the practice. This post was removed, along with several other complaints about the screening programme, from the NHS website a few days later.

    No escape
    Illegal activities to keep the screening targets high were not limited to GP’s. Although referred to as invitations, the call and recall letters were, and continue to be worded to assume consent has already taken place and an appointment will be duly made. As these letters are often the first time women have been contacted by their GP in this way, nearly all women assume it is obligatory to attend. During the 1990’s the internet was slow and offered limited research time, if women had access to it at all. The only information about the smear test, was from daily newspapers and magazines, and advice from the family doctor. Despite patients always having had a legal right to decline or refuse any medical tests, care was taken to ensure that for any of those having doubts about the programme, every avenue of escape was sealed off.

    GP magazines contained regular advice on how GP’s could “Hit that target”, and in an article by husband and wife team, J. and J. Chomet, called “Cervical screening in general practice: a “new” scenario”, even sending out smear test invitations on a woman’s birthday was considered appropriate. This was one of a number of bizarre initiatives designed to make the experience of having a smear test, seem like a normal everyday activity, like getting a haircut. Advertising campaigns focused on aligning smear tests with various beauty treatments such as leg waxing or manicures. The idea was to distance the “well-woman” procedure to be as far as possible from being the sexually transmitted disease examination it actually was, and present it as respectable for all women to attend. It was promoted almost as a “treat which women deserved”, like going to a health spa today. The hoped-for normal result was supposed to give the woman a “feel-good factor” and sense of empowerment making her think it had all been worthwhile. In spite of these dubious efforts, large numbers of British women found the rushed, often painful, impersonal procedure at their local GP surgery a violating and dehumanising experience, and a far cry from anything like a treat.

    Throughout the decade of the 1990’s over 80% of women were put under great pressure to undergo regular smear tests each year – one of the highest ever rates of cervical screening maintained anywhere in the world. In the GP’s consulting room, latest smear test dates were strictly adhered to and any woman finding to be “overdue” was put on the spot to undergo a smear test there and then, regardless of the reason for the consultation. Computer screens were designed with “pop up” windows, which notified the GP immediately, that the patient entering the room was “a defaulter”, and it was seen as the doctor’s duty to pressure her to undergo a test. If the GP was unsuccessful, nurses were trained to give “woman to woman” back-up advice to those still wavering, and receptionists told to chase and make appointments for those about to slip out of the door. The “fascist” health state which Skrabanek had foreseen began to take shape, as sisters, mothers, aunts and friends were encouraged to “break the taboo in discussing vaginas” and “turn those in” who were still “dodging” their national duty.

    Over time, women learned to go armed with some excuses, such as having a period, but when this wasn’t possible, questioning would delve into more personal territory, such as the woman being probed about any kind of sexual encounter she may have had, so that the GP could assess whether the woman was competent enough to understand her own sexual history. Since some GPs and most nurses assumed that even virgins were at some risk and insisted on screening every woman with a cervix, there was often very little chance of the woman’s informed decision being accepted.

    Spiralling costs, anxiety and treatments
    In 1998, after 8 years of running the call and recall system, hospital outpatient rates had hugely outstripped the actual prevalence of the disease. Angela Raffle quotes 6800 out of every 100,000 women being referred for abnormalities, when the incidence of cervical cancer had never been higher than 30 for every 100,000 women in its recorded history. The costs of screening spiralled ever higher, not just in financial terms, but psychologically too, as many women perceived an abnormal result to mean they would go on to get cancer. Rather than sorting those few women, who might be at risk, the smear test was so inaccurate that it put hundreds of thousands onto a conveyor belt of repeat interventions and surgery. Since the slides had to be examined by a person, and not computer-read, there was much disagreement about what looked abnormal and what didn’t. It was largely down to the opinion of the cytologist reading the slide: one cytologists normal was another’s view of cancer.

    • Hi Ladies i am so glad to have found this site to discover that others like myself have never screened.Part of this post especially mirrors my own experience.
      I had been registered with the same GP my whole life [57 years].Due to fortunate good health i had not had to consult them for a long time, then i received a nasty threatening letter from them the first paragraph was summoning me to book an appointment with a Dr to review my current medical conditions,not that i was aware i had any.The second one said that as this was the third attempt to contact me without reply if i did not confirm my details i may be removed from their list.I confirmed my details as requested,i did not have a problem with that,i also mentioned that this was the only letter that i had received they then confirmed that the first two were screening invitation letters.
      As these are optional and i do not recall one ever asking me to confirm details i believe they were acting unethically,so i submitted a complaint with my local healthwatch,a couple of weeks later i received a letter informing me that i was being removed from their list,that i had to find another GP.
      I then placed a complaint with NHS England as it was quite obvious that they had done this because i had complained about them,that was complete farce as they just close ranks with them saying they could not do anything as the GP is an independent contractor,so they can do what they want even though they are funded by taxpayers.The surgery then insulted me further calling me complex because i have been fortunate to enjoy good health and do not screen.All this from the so called caring profession.
      As i no longer have any faith in the GP service i will not be registering with another one as i cannot face the hassle and harrassment,as i will not be screening or undergoing a new patient healthcheck.
      However this did not stop the recent mammogram summons arriving,but this time i sent it back telling them in no uncertain terms what to do with it and to take my name off their list,the opt out letter followed shortly after which i had great pleasure in signing and returning,a small victory.
      Thankyou for reading my story.

      • Dealing with the same. Repeated letters and phone calls to “update” my pap smear, colonoscopy and mammogram. I have never had a colonoscopy or mammo and don’t want ANY of those tests.

        Now she refuses refills for anything else unless I come in. To add to this insult: I am a senior citizen and disabled. I will only become more disabled in years to come. Screening me for catastrophic illness I will decline to treat is a waste of my time and money.

        When will these assholes understand THEY work for US? We pay them not the other way around.

        Ladies: medical exams and tests ARE NOT REQUIRED BY LAW IN THE USA, CANADA OR THE UK!!!! They use stern wording to mislead you into thinking they can! The number of women who believe this is appalling. My niece insisted she “had” to stay in the hospital for three days after birth (no – insurance is required to cover it). I asked her if she thought the baby police would arrest her if she didn’t.

        We need to put our feet down, reclaimour rights and tell them to quit ordering us around!!

        I don’t care how many vaginas you see everyday. I dont want you seeing mine, and that’s all you need to know.

        I dont care if you get turned on or not. This is not the point, Dr. Dickhead!

        Do not EVER tell us we are “being silly” or any other crap like that. Our bodies, our rules. Your reply is not necesary – your compliance is!!

        I am so honored to be with strong, smart women who are taking back our bodies!!

      • Julie I really feel for you. It’s appalling We are treated like this. I wouldn’t completely give up on the idea of a new surgery they’re not all as draconian as your old one.I’m sure I remember a post from a lady I think it was on here that she was moving from England to Wales and was worried about pressure to screen in any new practice. She’d opted out in UK but had anxiety and abuse issues.
        She took her partner to register in Wales and he came to the new patient app with her. She declined to have a BP check or be weight. Nurse was fine. Screening was mentioned…. she said she’d opted out and would be doing so again. OK fine I’ll put a note on your record.
        I avoided doctors for 2 years over smear pressure but it wasn’t ideal and now I need regular treatment. I’m lucky now the pressure has dropped and screening isn’t mentioned….

      • Kitten I love your comments…I don’t care how many vaginas you see every day I don’t want you to see mine! What’s so hard for them to understand? ,

      • Right on Kitten! I’m also so sick of the coercive attitude of the medical profession et al toward women that these screening tests are an obligation and not a choice! When I log on to my patient portal for lab test results the first thing I see is that I’m “overdue” for a pap smear, mammogram and colonoscopy. Which is in itself pure BS, because you can’t be overdue for something you were never going to have! My own doctor is being more respectful now toward my choices and I suspect this is because he wants to keep me (and my good insurance) in his practice. But it really will take many women speaking up and being assertive about their choice not to undergo these screening tests before anything will start to really change. Your post is a great motivator and will empower others. We’re all in this together!

  16. Originally, Papanicolaou himself had set levels of abnormality, but in later years gynaecologists decided on the levels: CIN1, CIN2 and CIN3, CIN3 being the last stage before cancer was expected to develop. Even still, it was widely estimated that of those with a CIN3 diagnosis, only about 15% of cases would progress to cancer, the remaining 85% could be expected to return to normal without any treatment at all. To ratchet up the level of alert, a new stage of cancer stage 0 was set, which came to be known as a pre-cancerous stage, before stage 1 true cancer developed. To the public the levels have been a constant source of confusion, with many women confusing CIN1 with stage 1 cancer. In their quest to find the very earliest beginnings of this cancer, thousands of women have been left in limbo for months or years at a suspected stage of possible cancer, with scant attention paid to the psychological costs of playing this interminable waiting game. While for other types of cancer, the NHS has been forced to offer the speediest of assessments and treatments, those with “abnormal cervical cells” may spend years being a hospital outpatient, with life revolving from one check-up to the next wondering if the next one will reveal true cancer and require major surgery, or whether it will all disappear and regress to nothing. All this, on healthy women with no ill health at all.

    Rather than challenge the endless rounds of treatment, the more treatment women have, the more most believe their lives to have been in danger, and the more they are grateful for having been saved. Women who have been on the CIN merry-go-round often see themselves as survivors, posting online – “that smear test saved my life”, “if I hadn’t had that smear test, I wouldn’t be here today”, but in reality, most have not been saved from death at all.

    Suppressing dissent
    A major priority for the programme has been keeping the herd in check. An integral part of the programme has been to make the test all-inclusive across the female population to avoid stigmatising those attending for testing. Celebrities and even female GPs have been encouraged to go on live TV having smears to give the impression that no-one is above getting the test. Care has been taken to ensure “breakaway groups” do not emerge and deter others more at risk of the cancer from going. Those who have publicly come out about opting out of testing have come in for some heavy criticism, not because they might get cervical cancer and cost the NHS for possible cancer treatment, but because of setting a bad example to those unable to understand the risks. A large part of the promotional campaigns have centred on encouraging women to stay part of the herd, instilling the idea, that since the majority attend, it must be the right thing to do, and the minority must be in the wrong.

    Information on how to opt out, has been strictly kept out of the public eye. The recall letters were skilfully designed to appear as a personal invitation from the woman’s own GP, as research showed this achieved a higher uptake rate, but no attention was paid to the fact that it is illegal to send such letters under false cover. In fact, the letters are computer generated from a central resource. In flagrant breach of the law, there still is no right to reply, contact, decline or stop the letters from coming from this source, and their provenance still remains a secret from most women. If the programme was barely legal during the 1990’s, the advent of the Data Protection Act in 1998, left the cervical screening programme clearly operating outside of the law. The DPA made it illegal to withhold computer data about individuals without them being able to see the data, and for the NHS to use that data to contact them without their consent. Under the terms of the DPA, it is also illegal for the NHS to cause distress to anyone by sending them these letters. To address this legal issue, the government set up Section 251 as part of new legislation in its Health and Social care Act of 2006. Section 251 states that the cervical screening programme can continue to operate “outside” of the Data Protection Act on the grounds that it would be unfeasible and impossible to consult with every woman in the UK, and ask them whether they would like to be a part of the programme or not. A simple solution to this would have been to simply include a right to reply with every first invitation, but this would have opened the door to dialogue over attendance and dialogue with women was the last thing the organisers wanted. Even today, the only option doubting women are offered, is to speak to their GP, who are financially incentivised to stop women from making a choice.

    Uneasy consciences
    In 1999 doctors C. M. Anderson and P. Foster, who had gone along with the programme and carried out thousands of smears on women, began to doubt the ethics and legality of such a scheme. In an article they wrote entitled, “Reaching targets in the cervical screening programme: are current practices unethical”, they criticised the measures stacked against women to block choice and consent, and asked if such a screening programme at all, could ever be compatible with the human rights supposedly guaranteed in the British health care system.

    In July 2000 with pressure from the law for the screening programme to tidy up its act, Rouse and Marshall of the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, at the University of Birmingham, UK, wrote a letter to the British Medical Journal called “Women, Informed Consent and Cervical screening” outlining what GP’s should be doing to inform women correctly about cervical screening. They claimed that “in order to obtain informed consent, GPs should at a minimum:

    1. Inform women of the absolute benefit of their participation in the
    cervical screening programme. The benefit to an individual woman of
    attending the NHSCSP is extremely small.

    2. Inform women of the inaccuracy of the test and disadvantages of being tested.

    3. Always make sure that women understand what they have been told.

    4. Inform women that because the Health Authority pays them to perform Pap smears that there may be a conflict of interest.

    5. Familiarise themselves with the GMC’s booklet: Seeking patients
    consent: the ethical considerations.
    They added a table to show the true extent of the benefits of screening over not being screened:
    Age No of Alive 10 Alive 10
    at start women alive years later years later
    of 10 at start of if they attend if they do
    year period 10 year NHSCSP not attend
    period NHSCSP
    25 10,000 9963 9962
    35 10,000 9863 9859
    45 10,000 9713 9708
    55 10,000 9457 9450

    Years of blunders
    Throughout the 1990’s the newspapers fed on an orgy of smear test blunder stories: 1994: 4,000 women recalled for repeat smears due to computer error, 1996: 90,000 recalled for repeat smears after some women went on to get cervical cancer after normal smear results, 1997: 20,000 recalled at Inverclyde, Glasgow after some smears were found to have been misread, and also in 1997, some 8,000 women were recalled for retesting after it emerged that lab workers were testing the slides at home.

    The huge leap in smear testing some extra 2 million women after 1990 was not without logistical problems. If women patients were finding it all new, it was also new to the many thousands of healthcare workers drafted in to carry out tests, which they may have only occasionally performed before. Women’s experiences varied in the extreme with many finding the allegedly “quick and painless” experience to be anything but. American gynaecologists carrying out similar tests in the US were highly experienced and highly paid. British nurses, on the other hand, were carrying out such tests on a fraction of the pay and status their American counterparts enjoyed. Many showed a less than confident knowledge of the test, but this also acted as an effective buffer of convenience against the more knowledgeable women patients seeking further answers for the justification of these repeat tests. In 1993, 1,100 women were recalled in Birmingham for repeat smears after it was found that a nurse had been using a tongue depressor, instead of the special wooden spatula.
    One GP was also doing his own thing: in November 1997, “738 women were recalled for repeat testing, when it was discovered that the GP was found to have been collecting cervical smears using his finger (which the doctor claimed was “suitable for women from lower socioeconomic groups”)”.

    The major incident at the Kent and Canterbury Hospital in 1999 resulted in some hefty pay outs of over £1 million in tax payers money, and came about because of the way the public had been brainwashed into believing the smear test to be completely accurate. A number of women had gone on to develop cervical cancer after smear tests had been returned as negative, and in 8 cases women had died. What came out in court very nearly publicly exposed the appalling accuracy of the test and the rudimentary guesswork involved in deciding who might go on to develop cancer and who might not. The women’s slides had been passed as normal or borderline by hospital staff. The hospital argued that it had followed guidelines and it was the inaccurate, subjective nature of the smear test itself which was to blame. However, information that the smear test was unreliable and inaccurate could hardly be allowed to leak out for fear of it reducing public confidence, and as in previous cases throughout the 1990’s, judgement was found in favour of the women, and blame put on the cytologists for misreading the slides. When the hospital tried to appeal against the verdict, press reports of this “vengeful” waste of tax payers money further enraged the public opinion against the hospital and the programme continued as before.
    Solicitors saw a lucrative business to those subsequently diagnosed with cervical cancer after a normal smear test result (40% of those with cervical cancer will have had a normal result in the previous 5 years), and many advertised special services geared to those hoping for financial gain from a “misread” smear test result.

    The result of these cases was that it forced hospitals and cytology labs to err on the side of caution for fear of being caught again. From then on, the bar was raised and any slide with a whiff of suspicion about it meant a call-up to the colposcopy department, with ever more unnecessary cases filling hospitals, and ever more scare stories in the newspapers as a warning to those beginning to doubt the whole process. In 2000, Raffle wrote again to the Lancet at the lack of sense of proportion surrounding cervical screening, about the escalating over-detection and over-treatment, spiralling costs and anxiety and saying that this should require a return to the drawing board. Yet the vested interests wanted it to go on.

    To stem the inexorable interest in litigation against the screening programme, there has recently been more openness on the limitations of the test. The newer leaflets now state that no test is entirely accurate, and there has been more honesty about the reliability of the screening programme although this has largely been a handwashing exercise to stem litigation than to properly inform the public about choice.

    Psychological effects
    Considerable research has gone into the psychological effects on the women themselves. The stress and anxiety produced by an abnormal smear result can last for years, with many stuck on a conveyor belt of biopsies, tests and ever more frequent recalls. It turns healthy women into hospital outpatients for years at a stretch, and the state of living on the cusp of a cancer diagnosis for such a long period of time affects many women’s quality of life. Even when returned back to normal recall, few women can get on with their lives without the fear of the cancer “ticking time bomb” returning. For many screening has become a religion. With poor understanding of the test, many cannot comprehend that a mild abnormality means very little at all. With years of pink propaganda in the media, emphasising that the test is “absolutely essential”, a “life saver” and that missing one could potentially “cost a woman her life”, women could be forgiven for believing that the mildest abnormality is anything but serious. If every single smear test is promoted as a vital case of life or death, how could an abnormal smear be casually passed off as nothing to worry about at the same time? The screening programme cannot have it both ways.

    In addition, the immense pressure for every woman to attend for smear tests no matter how remote her risk, gave many the impression that this cancer was not only confined to certain risk groups, but was endemic across all women. The pressure to go created fear, which in turn created more followers for more, and earlier testing. At each hospital appointment, many women have come away believing their life to have been saved. Many sincerely believed themselves to have been days away from a cancer diagnosis, since the timed 3 yearly recall pattern gave many the impression they were “timed” to get this cancer unless their bodies were regularly scraped. The idea of being on some sort of timer switch to cancer runs through many personal accounts, women have posted online: “I’ve attended on the dot every year, but was 3 days late this year and already my cells were abnormal”, writes one woman believing any delay results in bodily decay . The more things which were found at testing, the more descriptions of abnormalities, the more demand for further testing was fuelled.

  17. A final part!
    The new millennium brings in change
    In 2005, the incentive targets for doctors were changed to more gradual stepped 5% increases from 40% to 80% to prevent extreme pressure being put upon women, by doctors just short of a single big target. The change was well overdue, and we can only guess at the collateral damage which may have been caused to women over the years by GP’s putting their payment targets ahead of their patients’ wellbeing. Liquid based cytology has also reduced the need to repeat inadequate smears by a small amount.

    The debate about the success or not of the cervical screening programme continues. Despite the spectacular increase in screening rates during the 1990’s, deaths from this cancer have declined steadily at the same uniform rate as they did since the 1950’s when there was no screening programme. It will always be open to question, how much deaths from this disease have been prevented by the programme and which have been the result of a natural decline of the disease. Supporters of the programme counter this by saying that there was a projected rise in cases of cervical cancer due to the use of oral contraceptives coming into widespread use in the 1960’s, and that the UK programme has stemmed this projected rise, but in other western European countries, where there have been no organised screening programmes, and much lower rates of screening, there have been no epidemics of cervical cancer as “predicted” in the UK. In the Netherlands where there is an organised screening programme offering just half the number of smear tests UK women are forced to endure, and starting much later at age 30, there are better outcomes in the reduction of deaths from this cancer. Despite the death rate now standing at around 800 deaths per year out of a female population of about 30 million women, (about the same number of people die from falling on stairs) newspapers still headline articles about those women who are “risking their lives” by “ignoring their smear tests, as if the disease were at epidemic levels.

    A major failing of the national screening programme is that it has always failed to save those truly at risk of this cancer. In the developed world it has always been a cash cow for the medical profession and a religion for the worried middle class well. The disease is highest in areas of deprivation and poverty, and the smear test is a high-end costly, skilled labour intensive solution which was never going to be workable in the less developed parts of the world where cervical cancer is more prevalent. Already it seems likely that simpler HPV DIY tests will surpass the current invasive test, leaving those of us in the developed West stuck with dismantling an expensive relic of misinformed 1970’s feminism.

    Despite claims that the NHS cervical screening programme has widespread public support, the fact that costly campaigns have and continue to be run to continually maintain uptake flies in the face of this assertion. About half of the £175 million costs of the cervical screening programme are taken up with the incentive payments GPs are paid to chase women. Not only promotional campaigns, but money has been put into extensive research over the years, on how to coerce more women into attending a test, they are clearly reluctant to have. The STRATEGIC project set up at Manchester University in 2010, aimed to research ways of increasing uptake amongst 25 year old women (90% of which have been vaccinated in the UK), who have been called up for their first smear test. Only 53% turned up to their first test invitation in 2015 and failure to attend a first test has been shown to be an indicator that women will seldom attend later on. After 5 years of work, costing over £1,000,000 the STRATEGIC research has shown that after everything has been tried, there is very little which affects uptake of the test.

    With an internet savvy population of better informed patients, and the ever growing army of those harmed by screening, speaking out against the programme and finally getting past the NHS censors, the pink propaganda of the previous three decades might well have had its day. The national smear test may never have been the best tool for the job it was supposed to do, but it has proved to be the best tool for population coercion, fear, compliance and the expensive privatisation of non-essential medical services.

    Historic Hansard freely available online

    Reaching targets in the national cervical screening programme: are current practices unethical? Peggy Foster & C. M. Anderson
    Jnl Medical Ethics, 1998, 24:151-157

    D. Gallen, Hit that target, Doctor, 1994, October 12:72 quoted in Ilana Lowy’s “Cancer, women and public health: the history of screening for cervical cancer”, Ilana Lowy, Rio de Janeiro, v17, supl 1, July 2010, pp53-67

    J. Chomet & J. Chomet, Cervical screening in general practice: a “new” scenario, BMJ, 1990, 300:1505

    Risk of transmission of human papillomavirus by vaginal specula, McCance, Campion, Baram, Singer The Lancet, October 4th 1986

    Viruses, specula and cervical cancer, Skegg and Paul, letter to the Lancet 5th April 1986

    Women, informed consent and cervical screening, Andrew Rouse, Tim Marshall, 3rd July 2000, Birmingham University

    New tests in cervical screening, Angela Raffle, letter to the Lancet 24th January 1998, vol 351

    Cancer, women and public health: the history of screening for cervical cancer, Ilana Lowy, Rio de Janeiro, v17, supl 1, July 2010, pp53-67

    Cancer test smeared: preventive medicine or an expensive mistake? Alison Hann, Critical Public Health, Vol 9, no 3, 1991, pp251-255

    Honesty about new screening programmes is best policy
    Women, Informed Consent and Cervical screening
    Andrew Rouse and Tom Marshall
    BMJ 2000; 320 doi: (Published 25 March 2000)Cite this as: BMJ 2000;320:872

  18. Linda, this is all my text, but I noticed that the table hasn’t printed out properly. It can be found at the very last reference by Rouse and Marshall. Do you think you might be able to get it to display correctly?
    Best wishes, and a very happy Christmas to everyone!

  19. Wow Ada. You’ve put loads of effort into this. Its great. This book is turning out to be a real pop at screening. I love it. Will get that table for you no prob. I’lk start work on it tomoz. X

    • Hi Linda, Quite a lot ended up “on the cutting room floor” as I could go on and on listing the faults of this wretched programme! Going through the Hansards is a great place to find some nuggets of gold on the history of the cervical screening programme, you can enter search terms and read all the discussion online. MP’s across all the parties were in favour of the programme, many terrified of being called misogynists by the feminists of the day, but some brave souls did speak out against the programme and the soaring costs of it. It is a very interesting subject.

      Coming up to date, the written answers website is a very good read. You can set yourself up with an alert, so that you will be notified every time cervical screening is mentioned in government. I noted in the comments to Nigel Dodds MP last July, that Jane Ellison said there is going to be a public consultation on HPV testing soon. Let’s hope they get on with it.

    • “In 2005, the incentive targets for doctors were changed to more gradual stepped 5% increases…”

      Hi Linda,
      Could you change “2005” in this paragraph on the last submission to read “In recent years”
      I’m simply not sure when this was changed, and I have been unable to find out when the change actually took place. I’d rather it just said in recent years than put a date.

  20. Hi Ada. Ok i have made the changes no prob. We can change it whenever we feel like.

    Hi Everyone – i’ve just had an email to say our book has been accepted for publication. Its now free to dowload on smashwords! Barnes and Noble and many other internet book shops will automatically list it in a few days

    I Will put it on amazon tomorrow as i’m a bit goggly looking at screen all day. On Amazon It will be 99p for a few days until they catch up. If i do make any money i will donate as its not about the money for me its about my anger.

    • Hi Suzanne, you can submit your story. Every women’s story is important both on ghis forum and the book i offered to do. I just thought you had decided against it. Our book is a cyber book which is unlike a real printed book we can do what we want to it anytime. I look forward to reading your account and then uploading it to the book. X

      Hi everyone i’m afraid amazon and some others don’t like the cover and have asked me to change it. On second thoughts it is a bit wild. I will tone it down and resubmit the cover today. .

  21. I’m writing this just days after receiving a letter from my health insurance company stating I need to call them as soon as I get this letter (written in bold in letter). It goes on to state “We see youare [sic] due for a PAP test this year. Every year women need check-ups. A PAP test can help find cancer early…We care about your health and want to make sure that you hve [sic] the best care. If you have questions about the test or need help making you appointment, please call the Outreach Department at …”

    I’ll get back to the letter, but first I want to share a story about the first time I recall having my genitals inappropriately examined by a doctor. I was nine years old and my mother had signed me up for a few weeks of day camp that summer, since we had just moved and she thought it would be a good way for me to make new friends. The camp required a doctor’s note for attendance, so my mother made an appointment with a new doctor. I remember the doctor instructing me to pull my underwear down to my knees as I lied back on the table. I complied. The doctor then approached me, without saying anything she quickly pulled my underwear much further down, forced my knees apart, and began handling my vaginal lips, pulling them apart while peering directly between my legs. It all happened so fast and without any explanation. I still remember the shock and humiliation I felt as I lied there exposed and vulnerable. Thirty years later, I still feel angry that I was needlessly put through that just to attend summer camp.

    Fast forward to age eighteen. I had just started having sex for the first time and I knew that the responsible thing to do was to get on birth control. At this point, I was conditioned to believe women needed a gynecological exam to do so. I made an appointment with a health clinic and to my dismay, someone called and left a message on my family’s answering machine reminding me of my appointment. I was assuming my visit would be confidential and did not want my parents knowing. The cat was already out of the bag, so I went ahead with the appointment. Physically, I didn’t have any discomfort. Psychologically, I found to exam to be very uncomfortable and violating. But I thought it was necessary, so I tried to accept it. A year or so later, I moved to college and wanted to continue with the birth control, so I made another appointment. For some reason, I started to question why an examination and PAP was required for birth control so when I arrived, I asked the nurse why this needed to be done. She stated “because it’s a prescription.” I pressed again and she again responded “because it’s a prescription.” It was clear I was going to have to submit to the exam and test if I wanted the birth control, so I did, even though I really didn’t want to. I realize now that an honest and appropriate answer to my question should have been “the exam and pap have nothing to do with the birth control you are seeking.” A week or so later, I received a letter stating that my pap came back “abnormal.” Long story short, when I followed–up I was told (erroneously) that this meant I had HPV, a virus that causes genital warts, which I could never get rid of and that one day I would break out in genital warts. And oh yeah, it’s extremely contagious. To say I was devastated by this information would be an understatement. I was 19 years old and thought my life was ruined. How would I every have another boyfriend? How would I ever have sex again? I honestly considered suicide. For several years, I thought I was contaminated with genital wart virus before eventually figuring out this was false. I dated a jerk of a man for a while during this time, because I had told him about my “virus” and he accepted it. Even though he did not treat me very well, I stayed because I thought I should be happy that at least some man was willing to be with me. Since then I’ve become more informed about the reality of pap tests and pelvic exams and it disgusted me to know that my early 20’s were ruined due to a test I did not need, did not want, and was coerced into.

    Some more fun experiences with pap tests include: Having it be a requirement for certain jobs I applied to; Being denied birth control at university without a pelvic exam and pap test (because “it’s protocol.”); Having a neurologist question me why I did not have a doctor who “checks my breasts for cancer and gives me paps.” After I explained to him that I choose not to test due to my misdiagnosis and the inaccuracy of the test, he took it upon himself to contact my primary doctor and, I suppose, informed him of my silliness. I then received a call from a nurse with the primary doctor’s office stating that I “needed to come in for a pelvic exam and pap smear.” I told her that was not going to happen and I never returned to that doctor again. I later had problems getting my IUD because the required pap smear came back “abnormal.” So I waited a month, went to another doctor and (surprise!) this pap came back “normal.” I took the “normal” results and was able to get my IUD. However, I received an alarmist letter followed by a paternalistic phone call from the first doctor’s office telling me I needed to come right away for a biopsy. Although I explained I had the test repeated and it came back “normal,” the practitioner stressed that I was indeed in harms way and needed to come in immediately for the biopsy. So I gave in and went for the biopsy. It came back normal. A year later, I received another frantic phone call from the same office stating I needed to come in right away for a pap due to the abnormal one from the year before. This time I blew it off. Then a few years later, a new partner and I agreed to be tested for STI’s. I went to a clinic and the nurse offered the pap. I did agree to it after we had a discussion. This nurse (finally) agreed that the test is highly inaccurate. This didn’t stop the office from sending me a “reminder” postcard in the mail a year later telling me I was due for an “annual.” I called the office and spoke to a very disinterested individual and explained that I really didn’t want post cards sent to my home telling me to have my vagina checked.

    These stories are just the tip of the iceberg. Only recently have medical associations and personnel been coming out and exposing the truth that pap smears are highly over-used, done too often and on women who are too young. Additionally, the pelvic exam is being exposed for the uselessness it is for asymptomatic women. In spite of this, I continue to be met with resistance when I point out these facts. This speaks to the ingrained belief that “women’s genitals are so vulnerable they need constant examination and testing.”

    Getting back to the letter from my insurance company, I spoke to one of the outreach coordinators and explained that the letter they sent me was inaccurate. I’m in process of gathering research articles to send to their department. Hopefully, they will change their practice of coercing healthy women into unneeded medical exams and tests.

  22. Hi Suzanne. I hope You are ok and recovered from all of this. What a horrible thing when you were so young. Eliz very often posts on the harms of pap tests before 30. It just causes so much unecesary stress. I will not have anymore and neither should you. Live your life free without worrying about cancer all the time.
    I will add your story to our book tomorrow morning no problem. I’m so glad you wrote it as its so important to let other women in the same position know they are not alone. Hopefully more will find their way here.
    They made me change my original cover because it wasn’t good enough. I wanted shock value but it just wasn’t working. I think the new version is loads better, and also i found some things i wasn’t happy with in my stuff so i was fiddling with it and designing a new cover for it today. Basically i’ve toned down some of my rants as i get very carried away.
    Ada’s piece is very well written more like an academic, where as i come over more Daily Star!! Anyway we all have different writing styles but overall it really works.

  23. How about this for a cover a drawing of a womans hips and where her pubic bone is a ladies hand giving the V sign 2 fingers up the caption “We should be the ones giving the doctors the 2 fingers”

  24. Ok my story. Nothing too traumatic in the whole scheme of things… but likely quite “average” invasions…

    Growing up my mother talked about her smear tests over dinner, coffee with friends, the man by the post box… to her it was all so normal but to me, as a teen, I found the whole attitude very disturbing. When I was a few years older would I be expected to consider the examination of my vagina a normal thing, worthy of everyday chitchat? The idea seemed horrific.
    Then through the years my mother was called back for repeat smears due to abnormalities, biopsies, cone biopsies until she was eventually told she had to have a hysterectomy. All this time she kept telling us that it would prevent cancer – she was never diagnosed with cervical cancer, but fully believed in these recommendations. I was in my early twenties by the time she had her hysterectomy, baffled at the idea of such a drastic series of surgeries when no cancer had even been found.
    Meanwhile I’d been switching GPs every time they started pressuring me for a smear test. If I ever decided to do one, it would be with a GP who didn’t pressure me – one who actually had respect for my body. But incredulous glances, rolling eyes, and pressure were not going to be tolerated. And I hated that I had to look at GPs like potential boyfriends. (Ok well if I’m going to do it, it must be with someone who respects me…). I know it was me who was conflating the emotions…. But my body is my body – if you don’t respect it, you can’t come near me. I watched angrily as GP after GP wrote down in a medical file “overly sensitive – maybe abused?”.
    My sister started running the gauntlet too… smears, punch biopsy, cone biopsy. She was considered a high-risk patient due to my mother’s situation (despite my mother never having cervical cancer). The pressure from the family for me to get tested came thick and fast.
    So I started speaking to my friends… almost all of them had been called back for further smears to check for abnormalities and almost all of them had at least a punch biopsy. I couldn’t believe it – if this test was effective and well designed, then I’m to believe that almost every woman I know has some form of ‘early cervical cancer’, and their lives are being saved by a test? No way.
    So the years rolled on, switching GPs. But in the back of my mind I knew something was wrong with my health. One day soon I would get a smear. But, only with a GP who was sensitive.
    I was 28 and a new GP at a clinic asked me if I wanted a smear and when I told her I was very uncomfortable with it, she assured me that she has experience dealing with people who are concerned, that it’s normal to feel worried about having someone else enter your body this way, and she’d talk me through it, and allow me to stop her if need be. I realised, this is probably as good as it’s going to get.
    So I consented. I tried to ignore the intense feelings of shame as I removed my skirt and underwear. My lip trembled. I was trying not to cry. I hated what was happening to me. And when I was at my most vulnerable, with my legs apart and the speculum inserted she said it. “Oh my, you have mucus!”. She sounded aghast. Horrified. I thought, I knew it, I’m a sick freak. I’m not normal. “But,” I protested, “isn’t some mucus normal? Particularly around the time of ovulation?”. “Yes.” She said “If you were ovulating this would be normal.” I told her that yes, I was ovulating at this time – people had recommended getting a test done at this time.
    And I hated her. How dare she make me feel as though my private parts were weird and freaky, despite being apparently normal. How dare she assume there is something wrong with me, other than asking me if I was ovulating.
    I lay there fuming, but still vulnerable, speculum inserted. And she said it “you could also stand to lose some weight.” What? Really? Yes, she said that…. She told a 62kg woman to lose weight, whilst deep inside the woman’s vagina.
    I went blank. I don’t remember the rest of the consultation, my feelings after it, nor even whether I went back for the results.
    I did get a letter two years later asking me to make another appointment, which I threw in the bin. I switched GPs again, finding one who never brought the issue up. I thought I had won. Never again would I have such a test. No one would invade my body without a darned good reason.
    Then, one day, I came down with intense stomach pain on my right side. I could barely stand or sit up straight. I could barely walk. I had to go to the emergency room and I knew that appendicitis would be suspected. And I knew, I would likely have to submit to a rectal exam. I knew that if it was appendicitis the exam could save my life. Despite my intense pain, so strong I could barely see straight, I knew it would be the right thing to do. I hated the thought of it, but, I didn’t want to die.
    At the emergency room I was rushed to a private consultation room and the male doctor pushed down on my stomach. He concluded it was not appendicitis, and that I was stable, but he didn’t know what was causing the pain. “We will have to do a rectal exam” he said. He was clear – he gave me no choice. So somehow through my pain I asked a very simple question: “Are there any alternatives?”. “Why yes,” he said, “You’re stable and are in no immediate danger. We can wait the results of the blood test to confirm inflammation and then take a stool sample next time you use the bathroom. If your vitals plummet and we suspect your life is in danger, we might then have to consider it. But for now, we don’t need to do the exam.” I should have been relieved but I was stunned. How many people in such a vulnerable state get told they have to submit to having a doctor stick their fingers up inside them, when really it’s not actually required? How dare they just expect sick patients to let them into their orifices when it’s not needed.
    I had won again. The blood tests came back, I was given some medicine, and my pain went away within 12 hours. And no one had invaded me.
    At the age of 33 I felt intense cramping in my side when I ovulated, cramping that subdued and then returned. My GP sent me for an ultrasound which showed normal ovaries, but as the pain was still there weeks later she referred me to a Gynaecologist. I had to wait approximately two months for my appointment, and spent many hours agonising about how she would examine me. By now I’d found this website and knew that I wasn’t alone in my feelings about internal examinations. I also did some research – I was displaying many symptoms of ovarian cancer, and there was no real reason to inspect a vagina for pain in the side – the next test should be an MRI referral.
    I sat down opposite her and told her why I was there (though she’d read it in the referral letter). This is the conversation that followed – as word for word as I remember.
    Doctor: “So when did you have your last smear test?”
    Me: “A few years ago, I don’t really remember when.” (I lied…. It was much longer ago.)
    Doctor: “Well we will get that sorted then today.”
    Me: “No that’s ok, I’d rather we just focus on my ovarian pain.”
    Doctor: “But I can do it for you today.”
    Me: “I can get that test done for free anytime from my GP. I’ve waited months to get this ovarian pain checked out and you cost over $100 per consultation – can we focus on my ovarian pain today please.”
    She looked at me sternly, an said in very uncompromising terms: “We are doing the smear test today.”
    I tried to change the topic.
    “So what do you think could be the cause of the pain in my ovary”.
    Doctor: “Well I will examine you internally first and then tell you what I think.”
    Me: “Regarding the internal examination, what specifically are you looking for that could be related to this pain.”
    Doctor: “You don’t want me to examine you?”
    Me: “I would like you to examine me to find or rule out causes for this pain, but what does looking inside my vagina achieve in this case?”.
    Her phone rang and she went outside to take the call, saying to me on the way out: “Just take your skirt and underwear off and I will talk to you when I get back.”
    Maybe there is a good reason for the examination – I wasn’t declining it, I just wanted to know that it was necessary first. I didn’t undress. She didn’t answer me and I also had my period – I didn’t understand what I was supposed to do in that situation – bleed all over her chair?
    She came back in, visibly exasperated that I had not complied. “Well…?” she asked me accusingly.
    Me: “I have my period, what am I supposed to do?”.
    Doctor: “Just undress, let me take care of that.”
    Me: “But I’m wearing a menstrual cup – if I take it out…” (looking around her office…) “… where do I put it whilst you examine me? Do I have to take it out in front of you? Are you going to do it? I suffer severe cramping around my period and it will be incredibly painful for anything else to be inside me so what exactly are you going to do in there? I’ve never been examined during my period before – please explain what you want me to do?”.
    I was confused. Getting desperate. I could almost hear myself consenting to a vaginal exam if only we could sort out what to do with a bloody menstrual cup and my bloody hands from removing the cup…. If I did this.
    Doctor: “Look, I need to examine you internally to check for any tenderness around you ovaries. If you are tender, this will give me information.”
    Me: “I told you, I have tenderness now! You can feel it through my tummy! When I push here it is agonising!.”
    Doctor: “Oh well if you are that tender that it can be felt through your abdomen then no, I don’t need to examine you internally after all.”
    I wanted to scream. I wanted to storm out of there and demand a competent, non-abusive, non arrogant specialist. But I didn’t. I knew that if I didn’t get checked out here and now I would have to return to my GP, convince them why I needed another referral, wait several months for an appointment and then, more than likely, end up in the same situation.
    She prodded at my stomach and then explained to me that I’d probably bled into a cyst when I ovulated some months beforehand, and that it can feel tender for many months. She wouldn’t be referring me for an MRI as it was likely not cancer. Waving me out of her office she said, “and don’t forget to book in for a Pap Smear on your way out”.
    I paid the receptionist and was about to leave when the gynecologist popped her head around the corner and told the receptionist to book me in for a pap smear. I firmly said no again and walked out, vowing to never return.
    But one day, maybe I will have to. Maybe I will have a genuine problem in my reproductive area and need a specialist. And I will likely have no choice but to visit someone who is sure to try to examine me internally without justification, push tests on me that I don’t want or need, and decline to refer me for tests that maybe I need… and again I’ll spend the weeks and months waiting for my appointment stewing in anxiety, stressed about the potential bodily invasion that I may have no choice but to submit to if I want treatment. I hate it all.

    • Ells: That’s pretty fucked-up. Speaking of which- the rectal exam for appendecitus is not as advertised. If you Google “appendicitius testing rectal exam purpose” (exactly what I typed in, I know it’s not spelled right), it should be the second thing that comes up. It’s a National Center for Biotechnology Information article, for clarity.

      A thing related to that: apparently they at least try to pull the same shit with car accidents, falls, and basically anytime someone comes into the ER for trauma reasons. There was a guy in New York that got iatrogenically raped when he went to the hospital for stitches on this head! They forced a rectal exam on him (a situation of imposed penetration with unconventional methodology) & then he got locked-up for while because he accidentally hit one of the people attacking him when they were struggling against him. They threw out the case, by the way.

      Back to your situation: I notice these people either pulled the “bait & switch” or they talked in “fixed situations” (since an action has to be engaged in order to occur, it’s a “counterfactual presentation” to speak as though there exists no capacity for things to develop any other way). This seems to be some of the most common tactics used against clients in a medical setting.

      Also, there’s coercion (ex; “you don;t get this without that” with birth control) & deception (since they didn’t mention any risks, inaccuracies, or alternatives- I’d say that would add medical fraud to the list, I believe it’s technically called “fraud in the inducement”).

      If you ever feel pressured again, try to remember that properties don’t change by designation- just like if a doctor poisons someone with a needle, it’s still murder. An interface with sexual areas as a product of someone else’s decision-making is an attack. People don’t frequently use the term “sexually assaultive,” but then they also don’t often use the term “iatrogenic attack.” I guess “sexual dissonance” (something being “against the grain” in that way) is somewhat under-used, as well.

      Them asking “Why?” when you refuse a procedure is something else that’s pretty common. They’re trying to “gaslight” your answers & more or less kick the chair out from under your decision. Basically, like trying to yank the batteries out of your action. Tough to find the words, but that’s also a tactic- exhausting someone’s answers. They keep asking questions until someone runs out of answers & they act like this silence is either implied consent or giving “nothing” as an answer- so there’s no propulsion to their decision.

      Someone saying “it’s my inclination of comportment” is kind of a rare thing. Might be useful. Might work with cops, too (considering that they do a lot of the same shit). Exhausting answers is a way of trying to make someone look culpable, since not giving an answer is seen “colloquially” as hiding something they’d get in trouble for.

      Another thing is to twist someone’s arm to consent to something. The do this so they permit [whatever it is], because they can’t articulate reasons for not permitting it & the cop falsely establishes in presentation that the only reason someone would refuse anything is if they are trying to wrongfully get away with something (ex: “If you don’t have anything to hide, why can’t I search your [let’s say] car?”)

      Just figured I’d add it, since sometimes people cut from the same cloth respond to a problem.

    • Hi Ells. I’m sorry all this happened to you. These people are so out of control. They just stick thier fingers where ever the hell they like and don’t give a second thought to our feelings. At least now you are free of all the anxiety of it all. Just bask in all your new found knowledge from reading all the posts and articles. If more and more of us start standing up to these idiots things will deffinately change. I know its difficlut particularly if you’ve been brought up very conservatively like me but if we don’t start speaking out now then it will be like this for women in another hundred years time.
      best wishes x

      Do you want me to include your story in our ebook? Its not too late to be in it. I put it on just before christmas.

      On christmas day itself it was downloaded 5 times and then on boxing day it was downloaded across the world 15 times. So far its up to 40 and its only been a few days and its not even available yet on other sites just smashwords so far.

      Everyone !!!!BOOK !!!!! its still priced at 99p on Kindle and nobody has downloaded it from there yet.
      It needs to be free. Please can you all start reporting this book as being free eleswhere its very easy to do. Click on to amazon – type in the truth about smear tests etc.. then go to report this book icon and press to tell them to change to free.

      Its so important as a woman may be more likely to chance something that is free on her new kindle.

  25. Hi Suzanne. The book is called the truth about smear tests they don’t want you to know. Just make sure you take off any adult filters as it won’t show. X

  26. I have chronic pain due to spinal injuries and was shocked to find a list of tests from my insurance company in my PAIN SPECIALIST’S file. Pap smear, breast exam and mammogram had this word after them: NONCOMPLIANT. uh…I don’t have to “comply” with a goddamned thing for people I am paying. I believe a doctor works for the patient, not the other way around (although this results in an argument from the snooty doc who begins to lecture me about all the years he went to school). and I see no reason to have tests for a disease for which I would not want treatment.

    That’s right: i do not want treatment If I get cancer. This decision is reiinforced each and every time a friend or relative gets cancer or dies from it. Oncology docs have a dirty litle secret: THERE IS NO CURE FOR CANCER. The best they can do is send you into remission or try to get rid of what they can. I don’t want chemo, radiation or any of their shit.

    For those who don’t know, chronic pain is constant, endless, never goes away pain. Every day, every hour, every second. This is bad enough….like I want them to treat cancer so I can live longer with my chronic pain. Yeah. Right.

    I have to change docs for 2017 because my new insurance company doesn’t accept my current doc. I’ve already had the argument about not needing a gyn doc from the insurance company and I’m PRAYING this new doc will respect my right not to have those damned pelvic exams.

    • Sorry for your pain. I finally gave up trying to have an exam. i never found out what my issue is,
      i do have low thyroid, but take a natural med.
      I have been denied the opportunity to feel love, have a family. Exams were more important than finding out why sex was so painful.
      I too have been treated rude because I decline screening.
      I now just say its too traumaizing.
      i am so glad after yrs of dr abuse that others who have been abused are standing up.

      w need to design a device thats Drs feel what a pap test feels like.

  27. So many people say we should only go to female caregivers for female issues, but that hasn’t worked for many of the commenters here, and it didn’t work for me.
    My mother took me to a female gyn when I was 16 because she overheard me talking to friends about boys. She was afraid I would get pregnant and wanted me checked out for bc pills even though I had never had sex yet
    Mom told me what she would be doing, which really scared me, but at least it would be a woman not a man touching me. Sitting on the exam table naked under the gown, the first thing she asked me was did I have a boyfriend? I told her the truth that I had a friend who was a boy but we never did anything sexual. We just hung around at school. She kept on and on. Did he kiss me? Did he try to touch my breasts? Did he put his hands under my shirt or pants? I kept saying no and she finally said lay back and put your feet in the stirrups because I’m going to be able to tell if you are still a virgin. After poking around a bit she said she was sorry she was so abrupt but girls lie to her all the time and she could see I was definitely a virgin. In fact she said my opening was small so she would use the smallest speculum and try to help me out with that. When she inserted it and began opening it up, it hurt like hell and a told her to stop. She said she would stop for now but would leave it in so my body would get used to it. So she left it in and started checking my breasts. As she’s checking them she says now boys will want to do this and it will feel good, but sometimes they will grab them too hard. Some boys like to hurt girls to make them feel more powerful. Then she stops and cranks the speculum open again until it hurts like hell and I ask her to stop. She leaves it in there again and starts checking my nipples and says boys like playing with nipples but sometimes they pinch too hard or bite them too much. Don’t let them hurt you, you can tell them to stop. She goes back down there and opens the speculum even farther. I honestly thought she was going to rip me apart when she says there, you did it, it’s open all the way. Like I had just done some wonderful thing. She said we are going to leave that there for just a few minutes while we do your rectal exam. She said it would be a piece of cake compared to the speculum if I just pushed against her finger. And here we go again. While she is feeling around inside my bum she says boys will try to do this but it is not a sexual thing so don’t let them anywhere near this area. Finally she closed and removed the speculum. I told her she forgot to do the smear. She said I was a virgin and didn’t need one. She only did the speculum because she said she opened me up more than a penis would so now my first sexual experience could be a pleasurable one instead of a painful one. I was so furious I was shaking and couldn’t say a word. She made the decision that my first sexual experience was with a plastic instrument gaping me open and a woman squeezing my breasts, pinching my nipples and shoving her finger up my ass. And all the time telling me her version of how boys think. I have never talked about this till now so I still don’t know if she was acting on my mother’s agenda or if she herself had bad initial encounters with boys.
    Instead of seeing her again, I went back to our GP who is a man but he has never hurt me in any way. From my experience with him and another male doctor I have seen, I think male doctors go out of their way to not cause pain and even try to make it as pleasant an experience as possible. I do think the male doctors enjoy their job but I’ll take the pleasant over the pain every day.

    • Hi Laura. Thankyou for sharing this terrible experience with us. What happened to you was medical rape and you may need help to overcome the trauma of it. For too long doctors have got away with this despicable treatment of us its only by telling our stories will things change.

      Read through the articles and comments on this site and grow strong so nothing like this happens to you again or any children you might have in the future.

      We are here for you as we too have suffered at the hands of thoughtless doctors.


      • Thank you for your kindness Linda.
        I am giving you my perspective as a woman who now has a wonderful husband and a gorgeous little girl. You are right about the trauma back then. I was scared of boys and so scared of sex I didn’t have a serious boyfriend or any kind of sex until I was 25. That doctor ruined any relationships I might have had through the rest of my high school and college years. All my friends called me frigid and I guess they were right. Thank God I met a man at work who grew to love me so much he was willing to wait as long as it took for me to be comfortable in my own skin again. So I married him!!
        I don’t think my mother knew just how far the doctor went to scare me off boys but they got their way. I was still a virgin on my wedding day.

    • This makes me so angry! On top of that, she put you in a bad position because she ripped you apart, so the next doctor would assume that you were not a virgin. She made the decision to remove any “proof” that you were not promiscuous and she purposefully tried to arouse you by talking about boys while she forced your vagina open.

      She is a bona fide rapist and she tricked you into thinking that she was doing a medical exam when she could have stopped upon seeing that you were a virgin. She made the decision to change the outcome of your wedding night.

  28. This nonsense needs to be addressed in the medical schools! why in the hell did this Dr feel it was her job to do that to a 16 yr old virgin?!. Ugghhh, the fight is real, its a long long road to heal this so called “Health Care System” as well. so happy you were able to eventually get married in spite of this assault, you are so brave to share it as well.
    My traumatic experience happened in an emergency setting where my appendix was bursting, but of course, there was a requirement for a manual pelvic and rectal, then i still had to have an ultrasound before they confirmed it wasnt an ectopic pregnancy or anything gynecological related. this experience has compounded with me mentally over the yrs, it was the only time a male Dr had ever done a manual pelvic on me,first time a rectal as well and to this day its relived in my mind daily, I was in extreme pain and I am sure the logic is there was no other way to make sure its something other than a burst appendix, but when you feel like youre dying and you arent given a choice, you agree to this invasive bullshit, that was approx 15 yrs ago. To say i felt violated is putting it mildly, if only i had the where with all to have spoken up for myself, if only i had known the impact on my mental health it was going to cause down the road!!! . Fast forwd to present day, I have to go yrly for medicals for my job, I showed up with 3 other male co-workers, there were 4 Drs there for us that day, the only male Dr comes out and announces he will be doing my medical, I kind of huffed in exasperation, he tells me because he did my last medical and he thought it would be fun to have me again,(?) i was reluctant and evasive with him the last time too! once we were in his office he asks what the problem is blah blah blah, I said i dont particularly enjoy the experience at all, I dont want to be here and i am only here because its a requirement for the job, so he proceeds with the health history questionairre and i am as compliant and well mannered as i can possibly muster, while he is excessively nice, which creates more warning bells for me. then he stands up and says ok well lets do the physical, and just go on in and put on the gown, at which point i kind of went into “fight or flight” mode and refused to have him touch me at all, not putting on the dam gown,I said i am 52 yrs old and i am taking charge of my body and will not be laying down on the exam table for him to press on my stomach or taking off any of my clothes. He acts shocked and hurt and says no problem we will get you a female for the physical. I later found out another female that went with 3 other guys ended up with this same male Dr and she was the only one that had to disrobe and put on a gown of them all, she felt he spent alot of time feeling for her ovaries……to say i was furious on her behalf is an understatement, so i have warned the other females i work with to make sure they avoid him, his excessive kindness translates to creepiness for me, i think the guy is copping a feel and it would never be assumed by an unsuspecting female patient that it was anything other than just a medical, they dont do pelvics there thankfully! It took that one traumatic experience many yrs ago to turn me off any male Drs touching me again. Hopefully i never have another emergency like that! I applaud all of the women here for standing up for their rights to not have any invasive exams unless absolutley necessary! When i hear a woman say “I have to go get a pap smear” or “i have to get a mamogram” ect ect, I tell them the dont HAVE to do anything they dont want to have done to their bodies, they are in charge!!

  29. I recently wrote about my first GYN exam. Today I got the news I’ve been waiting for to explain what I have been going through recently and I am ecstatically relieved.
    I have been reading here for some time about how women are herded like sheep to the stirrups for pelvic exams and pap tests. And how the doctors keep them coming back for retests and procedures where they keep painfully clipping off more and more of their cervix. It made me feel petrified that my current doctor may be abusing me all over again.
    When I first started seeing my GP for all my exams, I was happy with him because he was so pleasant and calm and gentle with the exams. After my second pap test I was called by the office and scheduled for a retest due to slightly abnormal cells. After I had the retest I was called again by the office for a consultation with the doctor. I was shaking with fear that this was it, I would be getting the big c word. He was pleasant and calming as usual as he explained I did not have cancer but I did have pre-cancerous cells on my cervix. He said I had two options. One was a cone biopsy where they would clip off a piece of my cervix. When he explained the details of the procedure I wanted nothing to do with that. The second option was to have pap smears taken every three months to keep a close eye on any changes in the cells. He said if we get to three normal paps in a row, we could go back on a yearly basis. It was a no brainer for me, I chose the latter.
    The reason I said in my first post that I think male doctors enjoy their job is because now that I am on the three month schedule and am considered pre-cancerous, his breast and internal exams are still painless but they are done for a much longer time. He has never pressured me for a mammogram because he does not believe in squishing and eradiating a healthy breast when a thorough manual exam is safer and just as good. So I have been getting examined every three months for quite some time now.
    That’s where I stood when I started reading the posts here. And it got me to thinking that after all these lengthy breast and internal exams, I have never actually seen any pap test results. What if he has just been saying I’m pre-cancerous for the extra money and/or to be able to feel me up four times a year. I thought I would have no way of knowing until I talked with a friend and she came up with a great idea. I made an appointment with her doctor for a pap test. If it came back normal I would feel like such a fool and I would stop seeing my doctor and make a big stink about my unnecessary exams. If it came back abnormal I would know I am on the right track and continue with my appointments. Today I got my answer when her doctors office called for me to come in for a retest. It may sound crazy but I am so relieved it came back that way since now I know I have not been digitally raped and molested by my doctor in whom had placed all my trust. I like and trust him because he believes the same as I do. No harmful biopsy or mammograms for me unless absolutely necessary.

    • Hi Laura. It is up to you whom you trust your body to. Who you feel safe with. Some women on this site have had unpleasant experiences at the hands of male practitioners. And some with female ones too.

      Its a good idea to get a second opinion to see if you are being conned. However pap tests often give unclear results so be careful you dont end up on some merry go round of testing and retesting.

      Its a good idea to read through this site to draw your own conclusions and then you can make more informed decisions about your health for yourself. Its your body your choice.

      The women on this site will support you.


    • Hi Laura, abnormal cells are simply that, it often and mostly means nothing…..really nothing at all, Pap tests pick up most harmless changes from hormones/infections/bathing products/sex/tampon use etc… the list is endless! I had an abnormal one back in 2009 (due to menopause) and nearly went through with the next step at the colposcopy unit…..until I researched the hell out of it, once I found out the truth of this totally useless test/treatments I decided to decline them all in future. The individual risk of cc is 0.65%, not even 1% so there is no way I’ll have parts of my cervix sliced off for such a tiny risk….never ever! Most abnormal cells go away within 1-2 years on their own so IMO don’t fall for it, you will regret this. As they don’t know what tiny % of abnormals will turn to cc they end up treating it all, massive overtreatment….it’s a hell of lot and this has been hidden from us! Good luck but please research as much as you can before you allow this to go any further – protect yourself because no-one else will.

  30. Hello Chas. Thank you for your response. You have given me a third option that my doctor failed to mention, to do nothing. It may be the best option since nothing has changed with all the appointments I have been through, but it is also a very scary decision to make. Like all of us, I want to be here for my husband and daughter for as long as possible. I have a friend of a friend who died from cervical cancer, and a great aunt who died from breast cancer. My mother-in law contracted lung cancer which went to her brain before she passed away, but she was a heavy smoker all her life.
    These darn doctors put us in an untenable position of doing what they say or choosing possible death. And we have all these “survivors” who come out and preach how early detection saved their lives when most or all of them never had actual cancer at all. And the ones who actually had cancer come out and say ” I beat Cancer”, only to die a few years later. As I have said, I like my doctor because he chooses the less invasive and least harmful options. These appointments are getting very old though, as three months go by very quickly, and I feel like I am in there all the time. So I have to make a decision to continue on or be brave like you and stop all the nonsense. I have my usual three month appointment with him on Monday. I know he won’t recommend doing nothing but I am going to have a frank conversation with him and my husband about ALL my options before I make such an important decision. Thanks again for your help!

    • Firstly do you have any symptoms, any at all? If not then please think again. A lot of survival cases are survival of treatment only, not really cancer. Some are attributed to secondary cancers or harmless cancers progressed BECAUSE of treatments. You need to be really careful here, keep researching before you make any firm decisions. Like I said I had abnormal tests (actually x3) and I am still here and doing great. I also smoke so yes my risk is slightly more but it is a risk I’m happy to take. Doctors always use emotional blackmail to keep you on the “Happy Pappy Train”. Self test if you can for HPV and if none then hopefully you can feel more confident in refusing to go any further. There is so much information on this site, please read it all for your own sake. After Lletz/cone biopsy treatments there are so many problems thereafter but they fail to mention any of this to women. Once again Good luck

  31. Laura…its awful about your mother in law but a lifelong non smoker such as myself has an 8% chance of developing lung cancer . while 0.65%is the lifetime risk of cervical cancer..
    Chas is right… Abnormal cells are just that. Even the smear test itself says its not a test for cancer just cells that COULD progress to Chas said they don’t know which cells will progress so they treat everything. Ditto breast cancer…they can’t also be sure so treatment is offered to all women. The leaflet we get with our ” invitations ” to breast screening says for every woman helped 3 receive treatment they might never have needed for something that would never have harmed them
    Did you have an HPV test with your smear? I’m sure you know that HPV negative women are at extremely extremely low risk of going on to develop cervical cancer. And you can get a self test kit online. Could this be an option?
    Please let us know how you get on x

  32. Laura, so, sorry about your terrible experiences with Mother and her Doctor’s when you were in your teens as well… And I pray this website gives you much needed comfort and peace of mind, too. I never knew how very rare cervical cancer was over all or how exactly it along with Breast Cancer are so, badly over diagnosed till reading the information’s provided by the woman on this website. And am ever so, grateful for the woman on this website and even some men too, for being so, outspoken against these injustices. May peace be with you.

  33. Thanks Katrehman and Anna for your responses. I have learned a lot the past few days from this site, my own research and surprisingly from my husband. I told him yesterday I am tired of going to our doctor every three months for a pap, pelvic and breast exam. And I said I am very disillusioned about the benefits of the pap tests altogether. I couldn’t believe the relieved look he had on his face. He told me these appointments were making him sick with jealousy but he didn’t want to say anything that would jeopardize my health. What a complete doll he is. He also told me our doctor is now against doing PSA tests on men unless they show symptoms of prostate cancer because the tests were causing more problems then they were worth. Isn’t that amazing. Men were being hurt by the tests so they are now stopped, but women continue to be pap tested in droves despite the pain and suffering from the tests and biopsies.
    So I went on line to see if cervical cancer is a bigger problem than prostate cancer which would explain the difference in testing. And many of you may already know this, but I found out that in a year where 4,115 USA women died of cervical cancer, 26,730 men died of prostate cancer in the same year. We are expected to keep suffering these tests and harmful procedures even though cervical cancer is one sixth as common as prostate cancer. I guess in certain aspects it really is a mans world.
    I then looked up the PSA test itself and this is one of the many things I found explaining why the test is no longer universally given. The following 3 paragraphs are a direct copy from the American Urological Association paper written in 2013.

    “The AUA now believes that even though PSA screening may help prevent some prostate cancer deaths, it can also be the cause of painful biopsies in “healthy” men, plus some other unnecessary treatments. Researchers from John Hopkins University reported in The Journal of Urology (November 2011 issue) that prostate biopsies are associated with a 6.9% hospitalization rate within 30 days of the procedure because of complications.

    Urologist H. Ballentine Carter, who chaired the panel that wrote the new guidelines, said: “There really was no high-level evidence supporting the use of screening with PSA.”

    He added that while the general public may be enthusiastic about PSA screening “the idea that screening delivers benefits may have been over exaggerated.”

    I am taking this with me to my doctor appointment tomorrow and asking him why I have to continue with these tests for a cancer that is one sixth as common as the prostate cancers he no longer screens for. And while I’m at it, I’m going to hit him up for a new one I saw today. I was driving by the clinic today and saw they now have a huge billboard sign with a motherly looking woman on it that says, ” I MADE MINE FOR MYSELF AND IT SAVED MY LIFE”. This really catches your eye so you read the smaller print below and it says, “SCHEDULE YOUR MAMOGRAM WITH OUR NEW 3D MAMOGRAM MACHINE TODAY”. Why is his clinic pushing so hard for a test he told me he doesn’t believe in? At least that is what he is telling ME. Maybe that’s because he wants his hands to continue being my mamogram alternative. I’ll let you know what he says.

    • Laura I have posted this here on another page – this PDF (76 pages) go to I to colposcopy appointments on page 43, a whopping figure of 433,624 new and return appointments! Absolutely no way 433,624 women would have CC, not by a long shot! So all sent to colposcopy and thousands had treatment, mostly for harmless issues! Outrageous!
      Remember individual risk 0.65%, risk is just a risk and this is tiny!

      Click to access nhs-cerv-scre-prog-eng-2015-16-rep.pdf

      However since last looking at this page, it has changed the info provided and using % only rather than quantity in numbers! Unbelievable, good job I copied it the last time, as per below

      4.2 Appointments for colposcopy
      4.2.1 During 2015-16, a total of 433,624 appointments were reported at colposcopy clinics, a decrease of 5.7% on 2014-15 (459,804 appointments). Of these, 54.1% were new appointments (i.e. all appointments offered for a first visit), an increase from 53.7% in 2014-15. Return for treatment appointments made up 8.2% of the total, and 37.8% of appointments were follow-ups (see Table V).

  34. Laura, I am so glad your husband is being so, supportive of you and your research.You deserve so, much happiness after all you’ve been through… Especially in a world where so, many of us are bombarded by images of Pink Ribbons and Cervical Cancer-with very little to mostly NO mention of the latter of the two being in anyway STI related! Just yesterday I went into my local city for a Christmas play with my Dad and nearly every sign on the highway was for the Hospital’s Cancer Center, saying how their going to beat “Cancer” so on and so forth pink ribbons and all… As IF they had just created this great miracle or something!-It all reminded me of what you had said about “Survivors” And to put it simply your absolutely right about everything that you said. Blessings and Best Wishes to you.

  35. Thanks for your wonderful sites ChasUK. I knew my doctor would make it hard for me and want to stay the course. When I brought up the new mammogram machine he said the owners of the clinic came up with that idea and they want all the doctors to promote its use. He said he won’t promote it because he believes a thorough clinical breast exam is as good at detecting lumps as a mammogram without the negative side effects. Radiation even in small doses is cumulative so he won’t use it on healthy breasts. He said women who choose to get mammograms should still have clinical and self home breast exams. So I do agree with him about not getting mammograms.
    Next I showed him the write ups about PSA testing and told him I thought it clearly related to pap tests since the occurrence of prostate cancer is six times greater than cervical cancer. He said that had to be taken on a case by case basis. He still does PSA testing if a man shows symptoms of prostate problems. He said in my case I have had abnormal cells for a long time so I need to be watched carefully. I asked him if I was ever tested for HPV and if not I wanted to be tested. He said I was tested, I am HPV negative, and where am I going with all this? I told him every three months is too much for me and my husband to take and I want to go back to once a year. He went on and on and on with all the reasons I needed the pap tests and digressed into things like what did my husband have to do with this and were the exams causing me any pain. I told him it wasn’t about physical pain but the embarrassment and indignity of it happening so often. He said he could switch me to a female doctor in the practice but her ideas about biopsies and mammograms were not the same as his. I told him I didn’t want that. So he said let’s do the exam today and when we get the results from pap, maybe we could try every six months. I consented to the exam but when I left the exam room I did not make another appointment as I usually did. No matter what he tells me when he calls I’m not going back there for a year. I hope within the next year I will be smart, brave, and strong enough to insist on no more pap tests ever for me.

    • Laura, welcome to the forum.

      It doesn’t really mean much if you have “abnormal” cells or not, the Q is: are you HPV- or HPV+?
      That’s the critically important question – if you’re HPV- then you’re not at risk of cc and cannot benefit from pap testing, you’re just exposing yourself to the risk of false positives and excess biopsies/over-treatment with pap testing, and with annual screening, the risk is very high.
      Annual screening is excessive even for HPV+ women…

      The Dutch program is, in my opinion, the best in the world for those women who want to test, they offer 5 HPV tests at ages 30,35,40,50 and 60 and only the roughly 5% of women who test HPV+ are offered a 5 yearly Pap test (not annual!)
      If you were HPV+ and produced a Pap test that was CIN 2 or 3 you’d probably be referred for treatment, CIN 1 and you’d probably be told to have another Pap test in 2,3 or 5 years (depending on the country)

      Dutch women who test HPV- are advised to test for HPV again in 5 or 10 years time or if they’re no longer sexually active or confidently monogamous, they might choose to stop all further testing.
      If their risk profile changes, (they take a new partner) they might choose to test for HPV again.
      You can self test for HPV too, no need for speculum exams.

      So if you’re HPV- I have no idea why your doctor would be doing annual Pap tests, a pelvic and breast exams. The evidence would say you don’t need pap testing at all, you might just choose to test for HPV every few years.

      Routine pelvic exams have not been recommended here in many years, they’re of poor clinical value and are far more likely to harm you – even lead to unnecessary surgery.
      I’ve never had one and never will….
      Breast self exams and clinical breast exams are not recommended either, neither is of any proven benefit but they’re both linked to excess biopsies and anxiety. I practice breast awareness, simply taking note of the normal look of my breasts in the mirror every morning. (promoted by the late Dr Joan Austoker)

      I don’t have mammograms – the Nordic Cochrane Institute summary gave me all the information I needed to say a firm NO. Over-diagnosis is a serious risk…
      I don’t have Pap tests either, initially I didn’t like the numbers, near zero risk of cc or 77% lifetime risk of colposcopy and biopsy with our 2 yearly screening program.
      About 8 or so years ago, it became clear to me that HPV- women cannot benefit from pap testing, but can be harmed by testing. (false positives, excess biopsies and over-treatment, anxiety etc.)

      So the evidence does not support an annual pap for a HPV- woman, it makes no sense at all. Also, the evidence does not support routine pelvic and breast exams for any woman.

      By the way, how old were you when you produced the “abnormal” Pap test?
      Also, when were you tested for HPV? Sometime after you produced the “abnormal” Pap test or at the same time?

      It’s well known that HPV- women can’t benefit from pap testing but I know most countries/doctors are still catching up…most are still doing pap tests under a program that calls for 2 or 5 yearly tests.Our program will change from 2 yearly pap testing to 5 yearly HPV tests later this year. I know in the States many of your doctors do a HPV and a Pap test at the same time from age 30, this is not recommended, it leads to the most over-investigation, the HPV test should always stand alone.
      So it sounds like you might be caught up in non-evidence based testing and excess. I also, know there’s a push in the States to get rid of the routine pelvic exam, but naturally, there’ll be push-back from some doctors/medical groups, let’s face it, its been a very lucrative business for many years.

  36. Laura, Good for you for confronting him but since you have already been HPV tested and are HPV negative. it’s ever so, highly unlikely that you will ever really get Cervical Cancer. I personally will NO longer trust any test or exam that shows a small blip here or there and then has a Doctor reading it as Pre-Cancerous. The only reason I went at all was because at thirteen I had to legally do as my Step-Mother said.-Because such things aren’t looked at as a child abuse issue and then in my twenties it was because the Doctor’s threatened me with genetic concerns and loss of Medical Coverage if I didn’t go.

  37. PS. The Doctor’s tone in regards to you talking with your Husband about such things is most disturbing to say the least!

  38. Laura, I just read you’re actually having Pap tests (and other excess) every 3 months, words fail me, annual pap tests would be bad enough but 3 monthly!
    You will almost certainly produce “abnormal” pap tests (false positives) with that level of testing, I imagine all this testing must also irritate your cervix, I wonder if that alone could produce a false positive.
    I can only urge you to seek a second medical opinion, I wouldn’t let this “doctor” go anywhere near my precious body.

  39. Laura, You don’t NEED Pap Tests, you don’t NEED breast exams and you don’t NEED mammograms! All these are screening tests for healthy women with NO symptoms at all. They are all elective/optional tests which pick up a lot of harmless issues that you would never have known you had or would ever have been bothered by in your lifetime.
    No Doctor has ever advised me to have lung cancer screening….even though I smoke (33 years) and the incidence is around 50,000 a year in the UK and approx. 40,000 deaths…..they do not insist on this type of screening yet they want access to our most private parts with hands on for rarer cancers? It makes no sense at all. Oh for a moment I forgot LOL – yes it does make sense, money, statistics, jobs, targets etc. Unnecessary treatment seems to be acceptable with women’s screenings but not so much as men’s!
    This is a fantastic sight
    She is a GP in Glasgow and does not have screening herself, she is very honest
    Remember to read the comments, there are some from the women here too.

  40. Elizabeth, I am extremely confused about the conflicting things I read on this site and elsewhere on the net. I will back up a bit to explain how I got to this every three months point.
    I didn’t start going to my GP till after I had my baby girl since I was a virgin till I met my husband and I felt I didn’t need to go. At my first appointment I found he was very gentle but I was immediately concerned about the length of time he spent, especially on the breast and nipple exam. So I went on line and looked up clinical breast exam on WebMD and several other sites. They all said breast exams are very important and are usually done at your yearly checkup. They were very specific about the visual part where you do the calisthenics with your arms while the doctor watches both breasts. That put to rest that concern. Then they said every inch of each breast needed to be palpated with three different degrees of pressure in multiple positions. That’s exactly what he does which explains why it takes so long. He does it three times, sitting up arms overhead, laying down arms at side, and laying down arms overhead All the sites said the nipples also need to be checked but two of them specifically said pinching the nipple to check for discharge and pulling and releasing the nipple to check for elasticity are normal procedures. For me this was the most humiliating part of the physical exam. It feels like I am being milked in three different positions, but every site validated his procedures. So I put that to rest figuring I could get through it once a year.
    A couple years later I get the abnormal pap and am given the choice of a biopsy or more frequent exams. I took the more frequent exams expecting them to return to yearly when my paps returned to normal. But that hasn’t happened as I have confirmed with another doctor. So here I am now, knowing I am HPV negative, I have made the decision to return to a yearly basis and refuse pap tests altogether. The confusion I have is that it seems many people on this site believe there is no benefit from paps and mammograms which I definitely now agree with. But I am also seeing many don’t believe in pelvic or breast exams at all. Are you saying none of our lady parts should ever be examined unless we know we are having problems? I’m not informed enough to determine if that is right or wrong but it does go against what I have read elsewhere and how I have been brought up. It seems like a decision every one of us has to make for ourselves.

    • Your doctor is taking advantage of you. Please stop seeing him. These exams are an expensive waste of your time and they are upsetting you. His business model of seeing women every 3 months for a pelvic, pap and breast exam must make him very happy indeed.

      • He is! I have never heard of moving one’s arms while the doctor watches your breast shake after he just pulled his fingers out of your vagina? Oh my goodness! Can it get any worse?

    • Hi Laura, it is confusing, that’s partly what motivated me to take myself off to the Medical Library to do some reading in about 1970, this was pre-internet so it was harder to get to the evidence. I couldn’t believe the difference between the evidence and the official discourse, I also, spoke to some of the medical academics. I’ve followed the evidence for decades all the while watching the damage these exams and tests caused to family and friends. My younger sister had an excess cone biopsy, a horrible experience, it should never have happened.
      I was also concerned and puzzled at the aggressive promotion of pap testing, I knew the cancer was always rare here, and the Pap test was unreliable and often led to excess biopsies etc. Why was it being promoted as a no-brainer?
      So I’ve always been careful of recommendations, I go to the evidence, how do I feel after examining the evidence? It concerns me the evidence often does not support a medical recommendation.

      In America and Canada (and a few other countries) the well-woman exam has been promoted over decades, something all women must do unless they want to an early and preventable death. It’s not easy to turn that around…but it’s not an exam backed by the long-standing evidence.
      The well woman exam is a vey lucrative business, you convince healthy, asymptomatic women to come in every year, and most end up in re-testing, having biopsies or being treated in some way.
      Here in Australia, in the 70s and 80s, women were subjected to an annual breast and pelvic exam and a 2 yearly Pap test, but this usually happened when the woman asked for the Pill. I found if you didn’t make that request, there was no mention of a breast or pelvic exam, but of course, GPs here will and do pressure women to have Pap tests.
      (the only clinical requirement for the Pill is a review of your medical history and a blood pressure test)
      Most GPs here have dropped the routine pelvic and breast exam, long ago, but some persist, even though the AMA and other medical groups have told doctors over and over again not to do these exams.

      In the States they’re trying to wind back the well woman exam, but it won’t be easy, many women have been trained from an early age to have these exams, it’s the responsible thing to do.
      There are lots of articles that Q the value of the routine pelvic exam and the risks associated with the exam. We know 1 in 3 American women will have a hysterectomy before age 60, more than twice the number in the UK and here, you have more than twice the number of oophorectomies too.
      I know many blame the routine pelvic exam.
      I can understand why you find the breast exam humiliating, that sounds horrible.
      I’ve never had a routine breast exam, I looked at the evidence and decided it was out for me, but to be honest, not many GPs bothered me about breast exams.
      Seems to me the routine pelvic and breast exam were mostly associated with the consult for the Pill.
      I’ve never taken the Pill, I didn’t want a constant argument about routine invasive exams and pap testing every time I needed a repeat.

      If you look at the current recommendations in the States, I think it’s pap testing from age 21 and then pap AND HPV testing from age 30 – most countries have moved away from early pap testing, it’s been proven over decades that it doesn’t save lives but causes a lot of damage, physically and psychologically. Basic research will show that HPV testing should always stand alone – doing both tests leads to the most over-investigation, good for vested interests, bad for women.

      I’ll link the best articles on the routine pelvic and breast exam, but at the end of the day, it’s your decision.
      I’m not against screening as such, but I’d dead against simply recommending or pressuring women to screen or coercing them (to get the Pill etc.) or giving them a screening or scary story instead of real and complete information. Screening is an option, nothing more…
      Informed consent is our legal right, it’s about time the medical profession and others accepted that fact.
      You’ll find some doctors in the States, Canada, and elsewhere, will do all they can to keep healthy asymptomatic women coming in for these well-woman exams, but their business model is under threat as more women get to the evidence and Q the value of, need for and risks with these exams.
      Even ACOG has a hard time justifying the need for the routine pelvic exam. I read they’re now trying to get girls as young as 12 in for an annual exam, I find that close to evil, IMO, it’s nothing more than an attempt to groom the next generation of customers. I shudder to think of the damage these exams will do to young minds and bodies.

      “Are you saying none of our lady parts should ever be examined unless we know we are having problems?”

      Laura, I follow the evidence, for me that means no routine breast or pelvic exams, no Pap tests or mammograms.

      HPV-.women cannot benefit from pap testing.
      Routine breast exams – not recommended here or in many other countries, haven’t been for many years. I practice breast awareness…
      Routine pelvic – not recommended here, (or in many other countries) haven’t been for many years.
      Mammograms – the Nordic Cochrane Institute summary is an excellent source of real information, for me, the risks of screening exceed any benefit. (over-diagnosis and over-treatment) I decline to take part in our program…

      HPV+ women might choose to have a Pap test, that’s about 5% of women aged 30 to 60, the rest of us are not at risk.
      Happy reading!

    • Laura, confused is what they want! Women have been brainwashed into thinking that their lady parts are going to fail on every level, this just isn’t true. Please take note from the advice provided here by many women and keep researching.
      When women’s exams have become a business to make money and keep you on the merry go round they will print the advice/recommendations in their favour to benefit from the lucrative business…please do not be fooled, as have women for many years! The evidence is out there now. Whether you put to rest your concerns about these tests and continue having them is your decision, but seriously it is all very suspicious! You do not need any of them, we are not ticking time bombs waiting to go off or a walking disease. The part about your breast and nipple exams is very worrying indeed despite what you have read about validating the procedures and the pelvic exams are next to useless, OMG if any GP did this to me he would get a firm fist/foot in his face! If you have no symptom’s then there really is no need to be so worried all the time. This is very well known and is called “THE WORRIED WELL” and there are some doctors out there agreeing that this kind of crap is taking up valuable time and resources, it takes attention away from the people that are truly sick and ill! But they have targets to reach and incentive payments to participate, all at our expense, physically, emotionally and financially. Women are not targets for payment! I am 48 and not dead yet, I smoke (33years), I have never had a breast exam or nipple exam (ridiculous), never had a mammogram, never had a pelvic exam, no more paps ever – I HAVE NO SYMPTOMS so why the hell would I put myself through that. The emotional toll is clear to see what effect this is having on you, the mind and body work together. You sound scared/afraid that your body is failing, how healthy is this for you and your family with all the anxiety. The only time to worry is when you are genuinely sick, not now while you are symptom free. People live in so much fear that they forget to actually live, live a happy life.
      Most of the links below have been posted here by various people, please take a look.
      Yes it is still your final decision to do what you feel is right for you, but tread cautiously as it is you that will pay the consequences, no-one else will.

      • I think we’ve been trained to worry most about our breasts and reproductive organs, do we worry as much about our bowel or brain? Both work very hard for us. I’ve always found it bizarre that the focus is our breasts and reproductive system, while we die in large numbers from heart disease. I hate the way the female body has been medicalised…menstruation, ovulation, pregnancy, menopause are all perfectly normal events, that’s the way I view them. Your first period or menopause should not trigger medical management, of course, I understand some women do need medical assistance at this time.
        Why do we endlessly scrutinise the cervix for any cell that might look abnormal? The cancer has always been rare in most developed countries, so why is this the best use of a lot of health dollars?
        I have to wonder if the male dominated profession naturally made the breasts and reproductive organ their focus and it’s taken a long time to change attitudes. (And the focus)
        I assume my body is healthy, i’ll react to persistent and unusual symptoms but I don’t view any part of my body as potentially pre-cancerous, until I get the all-cear every year or so. Women have said to me over the years, “how do you know you’re okay down there without a pelvic exam?”….but they don’t say, “how do you know your brain is okay without a scan?” Or liver, kidneys etc. etc.
        Women have been trained to fear their bodies, to see them as a threat…we need a healthier and more respectful focus. I think the attitudes that devalue us have resulted in a lot of abuse and a view that parts of our body are disposable. Our uterus and ovaries are not surplus to requirements after menopause, our cervix is important, constantly scrapping and chipping away at it is crazy…
        Prevailing attitudes couldn’t see a problem worrying and harming so many healthy women with unreliable and non evidence based cervical screening or women losing breasts or part of a breast with stage 0 breast cancer or even the lack of respect and care so often taken with the female body.
        So often unnecessary biopsies and procedures result in a poorer body image, have a negative effect on sexuality, cause psych issues etc. but these things are so often dismissed.
        Attitudes will only change as more women see that focus for what it is and reject it…

      • Another good example…the routine pelvic exam often picks up “something” on an ovary, ovulation is perfectly normal, but when a doctor feels “something” the woman is usually referred for more tests and may even face surgery. It’s so insidious that women may even thank the doctor when they get the “all clear” instead of being angry…they had an unnecessary exam that carries risk, had an unnecessary surgery after a false positive exam and may even have lost a healthy ovary.
        American women who have routine pelvic exams face this risk, the perfectly normal process of ovulation can be interpreted as a serious risk. The evidence for the routine pelvic exam is so poor, it’s shocking that more isn’t being done to educate and warn women. So many of us feel we should be pro-active with our health but that means making an informed decision about screening and living well…a bit of exercise, not too much alcohol, keep our weight down etc. and reduce stress in our lives. (Note Pap tests, colposcopy, biopsies etc. cause stress!)
        American women lose ovaries at more than twice the rate of UK or Australian women, I believe and so do many others, that’s partly or even mostly due to the routine pelvic exam.

  41. Laura here in the UK we don’t have these yearly exams. We don’t have breast exams or pelvics unless we have a specific problem there. As Elizabeth said you can check the appearance of your breasts yourself ..UK women aren’t dying through lack of yearly exams!

  42. Laura
    On the routine pelvic exam: there are lots of articles in medical journals going back quite a few years.
    “ACP recommends against performing screening pelvic examination in asymptomatic, nonpregnant, adult women (strong recommendation, moderate-quality evidence)” 1/7/2014
    ” The routine pelvic examination may be an example of more service leading to worse outcomes. It is time to get asymptomatic women off the table; we need to perform speculum examinations less frequently and completely do away with the bimanual examination in asymptomatic women, as is already routine practice in many European settings.”
    I’ll link something for the CBE too…

    • “Even if my doctor is right or wrong about a pap every three months, I do believe his disgusting CBE and complete pelvic exam every time I see him is clearly abuse. I had no idea such frequent exams would go on for years and now it is obvious I am being felt up and digitally raped on a regular basis”

      I’d like to know whether the Pap tests were CIN 1 or 2 or whether it was just ASCUS, if he was talking about a cone biopsy, surely it would be CIN 2 or even CIN 3, although I’d find it hard to believe an American doctor would watch and wait with CIN 3, or perhaps, he’s happy to do that because he knows HPV- means you’re not at risk of cervical cancer and this is all a pointless exercise anyway.
      CIN 2 or CIN 3 AND HPV+…that’s another matter. It’s the HPV status that’s most important.
      If it’s CIN 2, then you might have more frequent checks rather than a cone biopsy, but I would have thought 6 months or a year would be the recommendation, even in the States. (of course, it’s completely unnecessary in HPV- women)

      There’s no justification for a 3 monthly pelvic and breast exam, the USPS Task Force say clinical breast exams are a matter for the physician and patient, basically, there’s no evidence to support them. Some may benefit but there are risks too…

      ACOG recommend an annual breast exam, I can’t find any American site or group that recommends 3 monthly screening CBE.

      ACOG say the routine pelvic exam is up to the patient and physician, but annual has always been the recommendation.
      So I can’t see how he could possibly justify the 3 monthly breast and pelvic exams, I agree, it sounds like abuse, and probably over-servicing, chasing the extra $$$

      You’re HPV- so a Pap test wouldn’t be carried out under an evidence based program, this is where doing both tests (pap and HPV) causes a lot of confusion, but then, I suspect that suits the medical profession.
      Given the States is not following the evidence, I suppose they’ll keep testing and testing until you produce 2 or 3 normal Pap tests, even if you’re HPV- and not at risk of cc. Some women produce a lot of “abnormal” Pap tests, it can be all sorts of things, inflammation from condoms or tampons, hormonal changes, trauma from rough sex, sex toys or childbirth or even perfectly normal changes like the maturing of the cervix, these changes are often picked up as abnormal in women under 30 and during and post menopause.

      I hope you can get off the Pap test merry-go-round, I’d read up about HPV, that might make you more comfortable to call a halt to this pointless and distressing testing. HPV Today is a great source of information on all things HPV, you have to join but it’s free.

      • Many years ago, after I’d developed a yeast infection that an (expletive) doctor treated with antibiotics – making it WORSE, and I was in a lot of pain (precluding intercourse with my new husband), this (expletive) had me coming in for WEEKLY pelvics AND PAPS! Yes, weekly paps! He was a GP, and wouldn’t refer me to anyone. I was in an HMO then.

        Eventually, I took a friend’s advise and saw her female gyn at my own expense. She found the raging – and systemic yeast infection. It took a lot more time to treat.

        I didn’t realize for many years that this (expletive) took advantage of me – then a young, attractive, well-insured woman. Unfortunately, by the time I realized what he’d been doing, he’d passed away, so reporting it would have been useless.

  43. I think a large part of my confusion is because I live in the USA where the medical profession is slow to make changes or the doctors simply want to continue practicing medicine as they were trained many years ago. They may believe they are doing right by their patients or they may want continued frequent and complete access to every inch of our bodies. I believe my doctor definitely believes in the latter, but he is backed up by most of the sites I have found. A part from the site Elizabeth kindly gave me said the following: ” For any women with abnormal screening results, of course, follow-up testing will be more frequent and will need to include visualization of the cervix.” But they don’t say how much MORE FREQUENTLY. Is every six months right, or every three months like I’ve been getting? I have found many articles from places like Johns Hopkins and WebMD which clearly state a thorough breast exam includes pinching the nipples for discharge, and pulling and releasing the nipples to check for elasticity. What they don’t say is HOW MANY TIMES the doctor should be pinching and tugging on the nipples. My doctor obviously believes in a very high number making it the worst part of the entire exam.
    As humiliating as the exams are, it has been devastating living under the cloud of abnormal paps for the last two years. It is exhausting as I think about it all the time. I wish I had normal paps to go along with my HPV negative status so I could feel comfortable stopping them altogether. Even if my doctor is right or wrong about a pap every three months, I do believe his disgusting CBE and complete pelvic exam every time I see him is clearly abuse. I had no idea such frequent exams would go on for years and now it is obvious I am being felt up and digitally raped on a regular basis.
    I never gave my second opinion doctor an adequate chance since I went there mainly to verify I was still getting abnormal results and I put off the callback consultation. I have decided to do two things come Monday. I’m going to make that callback appointment with the new doctor since I’ve already done the pap and see what he recommends. I need to be up front with him so he has all the information to give me an informed course of treatment. I am also going to call my existing doctor’s office to inform them I will no longer be their patient. If they ask why I am leaving, I have decided to tell them I believe I was sexually abused and we’ll see how that plays out. I know they will say it was all routine standards of care. That’s what they always hide behind because now I would have to prove it wasn’t standard care and no other doctors would ever go against one of their own.
    Thanks to all for your help and support!

    • If you are HPV negative then you go back to routing screening as per below (UK), if you wish to continue screening that is:
      In this case, your sample will be tested for HPV. If HPV isn’t found, you’re at very low risk of developing cervical cancer before your next screening test.
      You’ll be invited back for routine screening in 3 to 5 years (depending on your age).

      Pelvic exams are totally unnecessary for asymptomatic women, not needed at all and certainly every 3 months is extreme and over the top, especially if you’re HPV negative.
      Breast & Nipple exams are even more unnecessary, the exams you are having sounds like abuse in every sense. This all sounds like its about the money to gain and a perverted doctor! The only test my GP hassles me for is the cervical screening which again is a matter of choice and a personal decision for any woman to accept or decline. Of course he has that target to meet for the incentive payment which only makes me feel like a cash cow for him!

    • Ask for copies of your pap test results. You said they are abnormal but you are hpv negative. You might have to do some research to find out the answers.

      Also are you allergic to latex or have any sensitivities to chemicals? Inflammation can cause abnormal pap test results which can be the result of your body’s reaction to chemicals. For example women are asked not to bath or have sex 48 hrs before a pap test because bubble baths and condoms/lubricants can cause imflammation that gives abnormal pap results.

      If you decide to report this doctor officially for abuse please remember he most likely is doing the same abuse to other women and maybe even teenager girls. You can let the professionals (the police) not the doctor’s board investigate.

  44. Hi Laura.

    I am so sorry you have been treated so badly. You deserve better and to be treated with respect.

    You must stand up to doctors they are not gods. Your body belongs to you and no one else. You have been subjected to abuse by a doctor. You cant change what happened but you can learn from it and move forward. Women are strong and we are fighters.

    No one needs their nipples squeezing in that awful manner. If you had a discharge you would know about it and report it yourself for further investigation. No one needs a pelvic exam every three months either unless you have got something seriously wrong with you and its under genuine care for whatever it is.

    Only go to a doctor if you have a genuine problem you cant sort out yourself. You have been taken advantage of and might be again.

    These days there are dozens of sites you can access for all sorts of advice about medical complaints. You can get books on nearly everything and they offer advice on natural treatments.
    Become your own doctor. Don’t go rushing off to these quacks everytime you think something is wrong. Get into the habit of knowing your own body and determining whats wrong for yourself and then treat yourself. I use the local pharmacist as she is very good and can recomment treatments.

    Use doctors as a last resort and even then be on your guard when in their consult room.

    Be rude to them if you have to be. It sickens me how american women are ‘felt up’ and poked and prodded in their private parts when the symtoms are totally unrelated to their gyno health. You are treated like slabs of meat. I can not belive that in 2017 our sisters in america are having to put up with this. I thought america was the most advanced country in the world. It like its still back in the old wild west when it comes to womens health.

    I hope you are ok.

    Blessed be.

  45. Thanks Chas, Moo and Linda. Great advice.
    I had a sit down talk with the doctor I had seen for a second opinion. He agreed to take me on as a new patient with stipulations. He agreed no breast or internal pelvic exams unless I ask for them. I agreed to have a general yearly exam with a pap test until my paps come back normal. I am anticipating my next pap may be normal because I think my hubby and I have been unknowingly sabotaging my results by doing something before my dr appointments. I’ll leave it there, no need for TMI. If I am right and my pap in a year is normal, I will stop them altogether since I am HPV-NEG.
    With my new doctor in place, I called the office of my old doctor and told them I was not happy with the way I was treated and would never be coming back. The doctor himself called back within an hour and wanted to know what was wrong. I came straight out and told him I believe he has been sexually abusing me for several years with his lengthy breast and internal exams every three months. He said women want to be assured when they leave the office that they are completely in good health, and his exams give them that assurance. He said when he gave quicker exams many women complained he was not thorough enough so it’s impossible to please everyone. We went back and forth for quite a while but when I realized he had what he considered a good answer for thoroughly feeling up his female patients I hung up on him.
    I agree with you Moo that he is definitely abusing all or most of his female patients including teens. I however have no actual knowledge of what he is doing to others, and I had agreed to my own exams with my naïve silence. If it came to court, how much groping and pinching is too much groping and pinching during a breast exam and how much probing is too much probing during an internal exam. My abnormal paps have given him an answer for all he has done to me. I don’t think pressing charges would end well.

  46. I was seventeen when I first received my ‘invitation’ letter for a smear test. It was not, in fact, a letter but a form printed in red ink that I was supposed to take along with me when I had the test. I was registered at the same NHS General Practice that I had been at since birth and my GP was a male Jewish doctor. I didn’t understand what a smear test was or it’s purpose (except a basic understanding that a speculum is shoved in your private parts) and unsurprisingly, I just ignored the letter. I continued to receive letters but ignored them. When I started University, I even began to get letters from the medical department there inviting me for smear tests. Again I ignored it, I was a virgin and naturally the physical aspect of the test was unthinkable to me.
    When I was about 19 years old, my entire family moved to another medical practice. I started to receive letters beginning, “We are writing to invite you to come for your cervical smear test. It is recommended that all women between the ages of 20 and 64 have screening.” I can still remember word for word what the letter said. This would be the first of many letters, all totally ignored by me. The letter was politely worded but it gave me absolutely no indication that smear tests are a choice and definitely said nothing about the fact that they are problematic and controversial. As a result of receiving the letters (about every three – six months) I began to seriously worry that if I went to the doctor, I would be forced to have a smear test. This prevented me from booking appointments that I needed to have for other aspects of my health. Unfortunately, I was suffering from depression and anxiety and I should have seen a doctor for medication and help. During one bad spell my mum was at the GP and she mentioned about my being ill and the doctor said to send me down for an appointment. So off I went to see this doctor. She was a GP who qualified in 1969 and she was nearing retirement. She greeted me as I can into the room and sat down. Next, she brought up my record on the computer and said “Ah! Your smear love!”. I just looked at the floor and wouldn’t make eye contact. I was so terrified that she might interpret anything I said or even a look as consent. “Well what have you come to see me for then?” She said as if I could have no other health problem apart from my cervix. I started to talk about my depression and burst into tears and fortunately I was able to get a prescription for some anti depressants. I continued to ignore the letters and the GP at one stage even booked me in for an appointment with a nurse under the pretext of having a blood test, when in fact she wanted to persuade me into having screening. I just continued to ignore the letters for the next few years and then when I turned 25, The NHS put me on the national screening programme and I started to receive letters from them too. What confused me the most was that my GP had recommended cervical screening from the age of 20 when the NHS recommended 25 as the correct age. Later that year we moved to another city and registered at a new GP Practice. After a while, I decided I was going to face the issue head on and go for my smear. The dreaded day arrived. I had booked in with the practice nurse and I psyched myself up. She went through some questions with me then I took my jeans and pants off and got in the bed. It was really painful as she tried to open the speculum and then she asked me if I had ever had sex and I said no. She tried again until I told her to stop. I just left in tears. After that I went to a GP at the practice and I asked her for a check up. As she was doing the check up she asked me if I wanted a smear and I said yes. She tried to do the smear but it was so painful it was abandoned. Again I ended up feeling totally lost and confused and in pain. I couldn’t forget what had happened and kept thinking about it. A few weeks later I received another lovely letter from the NHS inviting me for a smear, the last straw. I wrote to my doctor saying that I wanted to be permanently ceased from the programme and I finally signed myself off it.
    Some years later I have had a lover and discovered that all along I have had vaginismus and been treated for it. I feel angry when I think about how I was treated by the NHS especially now that with the internet you can easily research cervical cancer and it’s cause, the HPV virus. I honestly don’t understand why they fail to tell the virgins not to go for smears.

    • Hi there englishteacher, just a little info to clear up some of your confusion.
      Women were enrolled into the program at the age of 20, the age was raised to 25 in 2003. Until fairly recently when the screening authorities sent out the invites they would make it appear as if the summons had come directly from the GP Practice, as they believed more women would respond to this than to an ‘invite’ from a faceless authority. I don’t believe this was legal, but then it’s a nanny state program and they care little for the law.
      Of course the practice will send their own begging letters too, since they have a points system and forcing as many women as possible to get tested can earn them a lot of money.

      It’s long been known that virgins have a microscopically small risk of developing CC and so should not be screened, but it seems that medics assume we’re all at it like rabbits and anyone claiming to be a virgin is lying to try and get out of testing. The current information leaflet only mentions high risk sexual behaviour, no mention that some women don’t need screening at all. The previous one did mention certain low-risk factors, virginity or hysterectomy for instance, but even then we were advised to speak to our doctor, and I’m sure most people here know full well what the doctors recommendations would be…
      The fact the nurse carried on even when you were distressed and told her you were a virgin just goes to show that we are all just targets and they don’t care about the damage they cause.

      Screening benefits few and harms many, and as such should always be a patient’s choice. If we choose not to, for whatever reason, a simple ‘no’ should be adequate – we should not have to explain our reasons as if we’re naughty children. What we get up to between the sheets – or don’t – is private and NONE of their damned business.

    • English teacher I feel so sorry for what you went through, but am glad you’ve found the escape route and got out. I was 27 when the screening programme in the UK came into operation in 1989, and ever since then I’ve really felt for those younger than me, caught up in this vile practice at age 20 or (even 19). My daughter is 22 and no way ready for any of this. It disgusts me that healthcare professionals have convinced themselves that this was ever necessary to enforce on most young women. They must know the bad effect it has on so many and yet they go ahead and do it for a bit of money. To stop this practice in 2003 was far too late, and yet in Scotland 19 year olds were still called up for first smear test until 2016, dispite the evidence showing that this did more harm than good for so many years before. I have no trust in medical professionals at all. As Mint says (and I’ve seen honest GPs say this too), it is more for their benefit than anyone elses.

      • Hi thank you for your replies. I think there are GPs and medical professionals who are concerned about the programme but don’t speak up. Can you give me evidence of GPs who do voice their concerns? Does that just happen in the privacy of a consultation or does it ever reach the public sphere? (I am aware of Dr McCartney, Dr Raffle and Professor Baum). I just can’t believe that drs can support a programme that carries a 25% risk of false positives in some age groups! I also don’t understand why the NHS officially says that there are no symptoms of cervical cancer, just read the story of Jade Goody. It’s astonishing. I also don’t understand why the Screening programme does not provide information about other treatment options for women with cervical cancer such as total hysterectomy (for women who have had their children). Why do they assume that biopsies and the leep procedure are preferred by women? At least with a hysterectomy you go under general anesthesia and it stops the cancer spreading. Also it maybe less of a social and cultural burden for a women to explain to family/friends/work that she’s having a hysterectomy rather than biopsies etc.

      • Docs are almost as bad as the anti-abortion crowd. They view fertility as an essential function and ALWAYS proceed with treating a woman but leaving her repro parts in place. They treat female bodies as mobile incubators, their preferences irrelevant and ignorant and their decision-making skills as childish and therefore to be decided by the Parent Doctor.

        In my state you cannot get sterilization surgery performed unless you are:
        1. Married. “We can’t sterilize a single woman! If you get married, your husband may want you to have his child. You will change your mind about the tubal ligation and sue us for performing the procedure.”

        2. Your husband must sign consent forms giving his permission for you to stop having children.

        3. You must have at least two children already. Got only one? Won’t do it. The fact that you do not WANT two or more kids is irrelevant. “You just say that now because you’re stressed out by your toddler. You will change your mind and want another baby.”

        4. Are under the age of 30.

        5. Pass a PSYCH EVAL

        Women with cervical cancer or endometriosis must have surgery that leaves as much repro functional as possible. Friend is going through this. She is in a pain management program because docs refuse to give her a hysterectomy. She is so full of scar tissue she’s certain won’t let her conceive anyway. They insist that “a researcher might get lucky” and she could be cured or have treatment that will restore fertility she quit caring about years ago. Constant pain and bleeding, but her doc told her “after you get married and have been together at least two years” before he would do it.

        Women are wombs who need the wise counsel of men when they make major decisions about their bodies.

        National health systems and private docs here use manipulation to make women think these exams are “mandatory.” Some insurance companies and employer-funded health plans even send you a form “that must be taken with you to your appointment. Young ladies get the “oh, they say I HAVE to see the OB-Gyn whether I want to or mot!”

        If you are pregnant here they do two paps – one at first visit and one at postnatal checkup. Even if you already had one this year! “It is for your health and your baby’s” ( pap does NOTHING for the fetus!), “just routine” – all their dopey excuses. SAY NO.

        We need to educate each other and remind our sisters that they DO have the right to say NO to these invasive, useless exams. Tell your friend, “Uh…..think about this. What do you think will happen if you ignore this letter and throw that form away? The Pap Smear Police squad will come and arrest you?”

  47. OMG How many stories do they have to print, this woman that woman got cancer…out of how many million women exactly? It’s quite ridiculous to keep quoting the mis fortune of a tiny few. Project Fear once again, and a lot will fall for it. I noticed only the one comment and usually there are much more.
    Well I will still take my chances thank you very much at the age of 50, still my body, still my choice!

  48. I would like to post here if I may, a few thoughts about cervical screening and how it has related to my own spirituality. I have read so many blogs, comments and online testimonies about cervical screening over the years, and I think that this has given me a broad understanding of women’s feelings towards the test (or at least, those prompted to share their experiences online). What strikes me is the prevalence of negative vocabulary such as “hate”, “fear”, “terrified”, “helpless”, “vulnerable”, “anxiety”, “dread”. These words seem to me so alien to the nature of God and His message to us. “Do not fear” is repeated over 300 times in Scripture and Christ tells us not to have anxiety about our lives. Therefore, where does cervical screening fit into all of this? Cervical screening is a system, a machine, and being part of that system, being recruited to that machine clearly causes intense distress for some women. The testimonies seem to pitch the level of distress and helplessness at the level of the human spirit, that is, it is not simply a matter for the mind, or reason but it goes deeper than that. As a young woman, aged 18, I was invited to come for a smear test for the first time. I was a virgin and deep down, I believed that my body was the temple of my soul, and that it was a sin to have sexual relationship before meeting the man I wanted to marry. I wish that I had felt able to communicate what I felt to the medical community, but how could I have possibly done that when the information I was given did not even say the word ‘virgin’, let alone refer to my spiritual, or cultural needs? I completely rejected smear tests several years ago because I did not want to continue with something that caused me enormous anxiety

    • Hello Ale,

      There’s a lot to unpack in your message.

      For one thing, the medical system has gotten rid of the notion of “virgin” – even denying the existence of hymens! That is why “virgin” did not appear in any of the information you got. Also, they assume anyone claiming to be a virgin is lying – a good place for a medical encounter to start. 😦 For another, if you are a virgin, meaning that you have never been penetrated by a penis or a used sex toy, there is a 0% chance that you’ve got any exposure to HPV. While there are various sorts of cancers that affect the cervix, the ones they can test for with a Pap test are all caused by HPV. At the same time, studies have revealed HPV, including subtypes 16 & 18 – two that are more likely to cause cervical cancer, are found in many medical offices – including glove boxes, lubricant tubes, and other equipment. So, that all being said, at THIS point in your life, the only thing you could get out of a smear test is exposure to a virus which you haven’t thus-far encountered.

      In spite of what they tell you, the act of a smear test, or any pelvic examination, is a sexual act, of sorts. The medical community is overwhelmingly patriarchal, and the chance to look at, feel, and penetrate a woman’s vagina and/or anus is something that arouses all men with any leanings toward heterosexuality. The fact that “they’ve seen it before” is a crock – if that stopped men’s arousal, men’s magazines and the entire porn industry would have gone broke a long time ago.

      The other thing is to look at the number of cervical cancer cases, the number of women in your country, the number of women referred to further (more painful, more damaging) testing, and it doesn’t make a lot of sense. For instance, in the US, with a population of ~320 million, with about half of those, or ~160 million being female (girls and very elderly women are included), diagnoses about 14,000 cases of cervical cancer (CC) per year, and has had about 4,000 deaths from cc per year. Now, divide that out. About 1 woman in 40,000 will be diagnosed with CC! About 10,000 (maximum) will be “saved” – not die of CC. So, does 1 in 160,000 chance of finding something “in time” sound like it’s worth it? Of those who are diagnosed or die, about 50% of those have had their smears according to recommendations in the past. These are the other, rarer forms of cervical cancer which pap tests do not test for. Fortunately, there are symptoms – you don’t just die of CC one day! However, if you’ve had a pap test, that will likely delay actually looking for, or doing diagnostic tests for CC.

      It would seem that the medical resources we have would be better used on something far more likely to kill us – like cardiac problems. The cancer I could find in the US that has similar numbers of cases and deaths is renal (kidney) cancer. How many people obsess about being tested for renal cancer? Not many! Without signs or symptoms or family history, it would be considered a pathological obsession, and one would be referred to mental health treatment.

      If you ever do get married, to someone who is also a virgin, you will still be safe. If he hasn’t been exposed to HPV, and you haven’t, it’s not just going to pop up.But, you will be pressured. “How do you know he hasn’t had an affair?” “How do you know that ‘the boys’ didn’t take him to a prostitute after his bachelor party?” This is all creating distrust between partners in a marriage. Pap tests have a significant false positive rate. If you pop positive, in all likelihood you will cease believing in his faithfulness!

      So, stick to your guns! “No means no”. You do not give consent to penetration, with instruments or gloved fingers! Doing this without your consent is rape. You may be coerced into giving your “consent” for this test as part of getting treatment for something that is a real medical concern or problem. Coercion negates consent, and is legally a form of force.

      • Hi Bethkz,
        Loved your post, I actually had a doctor insinuate that my husband may of been unfaithful or lied to me about having undisclosed partners in the past, I told the doctor I couldn’t wait to get home and tell my husband this ,and that he might get a phone call or even a visit as he is very confrontational when he is called a liar, the doctors face was a picture , needless to say I have never been pressured to screen again.

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